Old Botanical Garden (Munich)
The Old Botanical Garden is located on Lenbachplatz in Munich in the Königsplatz district of Maxvorstadt and is now a park . It is bounded on the south side by a straight, 360-meter-long section of Elisenstrasse, while on the other sides it is bounded in an arc by Sophienstrasse. In the south, on the opposite side of Elisenstrasse, is the area of the Palace of Justice , and in the northwest, The Charles Hotel . The area takes up an area of around four hectares .
It was laid out from 1804 to 1812 according to plans by the landscape architect Friedrich Ludwig von Sckell and opened on May 23, 1812. At that time the garden was under the direction of Franz von Paula von Wardrobe . The classicistic entrance portal on Lenbachplatz, which was built in 1812 to a design by the Portuguese architect Emanuel Joseph d'Herigoyen , is the garden's landmark that still exists today.
“FLORVM DAEDALAE TELLVRIS GENTES DISSITAE MAXIMILIANI IOS. R. NOMINE CONSOCIATE, MDCCCXII ”
"The genera scattered across the globe are united here at the behest of King Maximilian Joseph in 1812."
In 1854 the Glass Palace was built on the north side of the park on the occasion of the International Industrial Exhibition in Munich , which fell victim to a major fire in 1931. At least for the 1931/32 and 1932/33 seasons, an ice rink was built instead of the Glass Palace, on which the final round of the 1933 German Ice Hockey Championship was held.
After the New Botanical Garden was laid out in Nymphenburg at the then gates of Munich in 1914 , the previous Botanical Garden was redesigned into a park in 1937 based on a sketch by Paul Ludwig Troost and plans by the architect Oswald Bieber and the sculptor Joseph Wackerle ; the Neptune Fountain was built in the middle of the complex and a coffee house in a historicizing style, today's Park Café . A small exhibition building was also built. It was badly destroyed in World War II and later rebuilt by artists from Munich who helped themselves. The building, which is known as the art pavilion , is used today by the Association Exhibition Management Pavillon e. V. for exhibitions of current visual art.
Numerous exotic trees are a reminder of the original function of the Old Botanical Garden.
Memorial stone in memory of the first direct current transmission (Miesbach – Munich) in 1882
- measured in the BayernAtlas
- Jürke Grau: The old botanical garden . In: Botanical Garden Munich . MünchenVerlag, Munich 2014, ISBN 978-3-7630-4013-1 , pp. 18-29.
- Catalog for the exhibition "Sport in Munich Anno at that time" (exhibition in the Munich City Museum in summer 1972) viewed in the Bayerischer Staatsbibliothek.
- Karl Arndt: The Munich architecture scene 1933/34 as an aesthetic-political field of conflict . In: Martin Broszat, Elke Fröhlich, Anton Grossmann (ed.): Bavaria in the Nazi era. Volume III: Domination and Society in Conflict . Oldenbourg, Munich 1981, ISBN 3-486-42381-9 , pp. 443-484, footnote 54.
- About the art pavilion. Homepage of the association , accessed on December 16, 2017.
- Margret Wanetschek: Green spaces in the urban planning of Munich. 1790-1860 . Newly edited by Klaus Bäumler and Franz Schiermeier. Franz Schiermeier Verlag, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-9809147-4-7 .
- Botanical Garden Munich , ed. from the Munich Botanical Garden and the Society of Friends of the Botanical Garden, Munich Publishing House, Munich 2014, ISBN 978-3-7630-4013-1 .