Oswald Bieber

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Oswald Eduard Bieber (born September 6, 1874 in Pockau (Erzgebirge), † August 31, 1955 in Munich ) was a German architect .


Bieber was born the son of a carpenter and attended the building trade school in Chemnitz parallel to an apprenticeship in the building trade . He received further training from one of his older brothers, Ernst Louis Bieber in Chemnitz, who was also an architect. From 1897 to 1900 he worked in the Dresden architecture firm Schilling & Graebner . In 1900 he came to Munich and worked for six years at the city planning department under city planning officer Hans Grässel , during which time he also took part in numerous architecture competitions. From 1906 to 1911 he was an artistic assistant in Georg Meister's office in Munich.

Following a successful competition, he went into business for himself in 1911 with the architect Wilhelm Hollweck (as the architecture firm “Bieber und Hollweck”) in Munich. This partnership existed until 1930. Bieber took part in World War I as a soldier in a pioneer unit .

In early 1918, Bieber was awarded the title of professor (see titular professor ). In 1922 he was made an honorary member of the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts in Munich, and after its re-establishment in 1951, a full member. Since 1924 he was a full member of the Prussian Academy of the Arts in Berlin, he was also a member of the German Werkbund (DWB) and the Association of German Architects (BDA). He was awarded the Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art in 1932.

During the time of National Socialism , Bieber received more and more commissions, he was one of the trusted architects of the General Building Council for the capital of the movement under the direction of Hermann Giesler . His most famous buildings from this time include the barracks of SS-Standarte 1 "Germany" in Munich-Freimann (built 1936–1939, today's Ernst-von-Bergmann barracks ) and the so-called House of German Law in Munich (built 1936 to 1939), which in the III. Reich seat of the Academy for German Law was. He is listed as an important architect of the Nazi state on Goebbels ' list of God- gifted people.

In 1949 Bieber was elected a full member of the Bavarian Academy of the Arts . After the Second World War , Bieber was busy with reconstruction work at the Deutsches Museum and various churches in Munich, most recently he also worked with his son Peter Bieber.

Buildings (selection)

Bad Dürkheim , war memorial 1870/71, by Oswald Bieber, 1911


  • Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts (ed.): South German building tradition in the 20th century. Callwey, Munich 1985, ISBN 3-7667-0771-X , pp. 47-76.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung , 38th year 1918, No. 11/12 (from February 2, 1918), p. 49.
  2. Klee, Ernst .: Cultural encyclopedia for the Third Reich: Who was what before and after 1945 . 1st edition. Fischer, S, Frankfurt am Main 2009, ISBN 978-3-596-17153-8 , pp. 47 .
  3. ^ Villa Willstätter

Source date of birth: Evang.-Luth. Church book Pockau, Baptism book, 1874, page 165, no.47