Emanuel Joseph von Herigoyen even d'Herigoyen , d'Irigoien (, port. José Manuel Herigoyen * 4. November 1746 in Belas in Lisbon ; † 27. July 1817 in Munich ) was a Portuguese architect , surveyor and cartographer . He was trained in Paris and Vienna . His most important places of activity were Aschaffenburg , Regensburg and Munich. The early classical buildings show elements of Louis-seize and Palladianism .
The father Martin von Herigoyen (Basque: high rock or high mountain ) came from an ancient noble family with ancestral seat in Ustaritz in the French Basque Country , was the truchess of the Portuguese Infante Dom Manuel Joseph Braganza (1697–1766) and a lieutenant in the army. He met Anna Margaretha Falorsi (Valorsy) on a diplomatic mission in Vienna in 1733/1734 , returned with her to Portugal and married her on November 5, 1738 in Belas, where they took up residence on the estate of Count Pombeiro.
Herigoyen received his education at the Royal College of Necessidades of the Oratorians of St. Philip Neri in Lisbon . He was probably instructed in drawing and painting by the Italian architect Giovanni Antinori (1733–1792), who came to Portugal to rebuild Lisbon after the earthquake of November 1, 1755.
From 1767 to 1769 he studied drawing, architecture and mathematics in Paris ( Ecoles de Ponts et Chaussées or Académie d'Architecture). From 1769 to 1773 he worked primarily as a hydraulic engineer in Vienna and studied at the Academy of Fine Arts.
In 1776 Herigoyen became an architect and civil engineer for Friedrich Karl Joseph von Erthal , Elector and Archbishop of Mainz . At the end of 1792 he became head of the Electoral Mainz genius corps, and in 1794 major engineer and architect of the Mainz cathedral chapter .
Herigoyen married Josephine Kriegshäuser , the daughter of the court musician Kriegshäuser from Speyer. The couple had two sons, including:
- Carl (1807–1875) ∞ Charlotte von Gaertner († 1909), a daughter of the architect Friedrich von Gärtner
- Dalberg-Hammelburger Hof in the Bleichenviertel (1774)
- Weihergarten 10: courtyard for the cathedral chapter; three-storey, seven-axis plastered building, 1790/91
- Landscape planning for Schönbusch Park in the early days (around 1775 - 1783)
- Schönbusch Palace (1778–1781, interior work until 1787) and other buildings in the park: Philosophenhaus (1785/87), Temple of Friendship (1786/87), dining room (1787/89), little village (1788/89), Red Bridge (1789 / 90), Salettchen (1794) et al
- Hunter's house in the pheasantry (around 1780)
- Breakfast pavilion in the palace garden (1782)
- Conversion and redesign of the Nilkheim estate into an agricultural model estate (1782–1786)
- Redesign of the city wall between Johannisburg Palace and the breakfast pavilion with a walkway as the crown of the wall (1788)
- Planning for the pheasantry and a wildlife park to the east (around 1789)
- Town Hall (1790)
- Johannisburg Palace : installation of a staircase, classicist interior (end of the 18th century)
- Hunting manager's house with hunting barn at the pheasantry (end of the 18th century)
- Orangery in Schöntal (late 18th century)
- Dovecote in Hofgut Nilkheim , classicist central building with column portico and round tower (around 1800)
- Residential and commercial buildings Steingasse 1 and Steingasse 20 (1804)
- Columned hall at Webergasse 5, so-called Kornhäuschen (1805)
- City Theater (drafts from 1805 and 1808, not executed)
For the following buildings, Emanuel Herigoyen is assumed to be the most likely author:
- House Dalbergstrasse 49a (1803)
- House Webergasse 4 (1804)
- the so-called Dreidippehaus on Schlossplatz (1803, no longer available)
- Parish Church of St. Margaretha (1779)
- Parish Church of St. Anna and Margaretha (1789)
- Württembergisches Palais (1804), today the Natural History Museum of Eastern Bavaria .
- Administration building of the former porcelain factory in Westnerwacht (1804). Private villas on Nonnenplatz
- French legation on Bismarckplatz (1804/05), from 1810 presidential palace .
- City Theater (1804) on Bismarckplatz (1805).
- Sternberg garden casino (1804–1805). Damaged in 1809, renovated as a summer palace Theresens Ruhe (1813), hit by a bomb in March 1945; Demolished in 1949.
- Dörnberg-Palais (1805).
- "Red House", a tenement house (approx. 1805) built to replace the Freisinger Hof that burned down in 1792 on Emmeramsplatz. Today the building is largely changed after several renovations. It is now the seat of the government of the Upper Palatinate .
- Obelisk Fürstenallee (1806), memorial for the founder of the tree-lined avenue Carl Anselm von Thurn und Taxis, which surrounds today's inner city .
- Extension of the Catholic infirmary St. Joseph in Kapuzinergasse with a side wing for sick people of the Protestant religion.
- Memorial (1806/08) for Johannes Kepler on Fürst-Anselm-Allee , near the former Kepler grave on the old St. Peter's Cemetery, which was destroyed in the Thirty Years War during the battles for Regensburg .
- Catholic Academy, former Domkapitelsches and Evangelical Hospital, Ostengasse 27, east wing, 1807
- Facade of the Thon-Dittmer-Palais on Haidplatz (1809).
- New construction of the Protestant orphanage on Emmeramsplatz (1809), today part of the former Protestant crane house.
The Hauptwache (built in 1818 according to plans by Michael Dobmayr) is wrongly attributed to Emanuel d'Herigoyen, who, as head of the Oberbaukommissariat in Munich, criticized Dobmeyer's plans and corrected them in parts.
Works in Regensburg
- Isartortheater (1811)
- Palais Montgelas (1811-1813)
- Gate construction on the east side of the Old Botanical Garden (1812)
- Heinrich Habel: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 8, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1969, ISBN 3-428-00189-3 , p. 615 f. ( ). In:
- Michael Petzet (Ed.): Monuments in Bavaria. Ensembles, architectural monuments, archaeological site monuments (= monument topography Federal Republic of Germany ). Volume 37, 3: Anke Borgmeyer, Achim Hubel, Andreas Tillmann, Angelika Wellnhofer: Upper Palatinate. One district cities. City of Regensburg. Mittelbayerische Druck- und Verlags-Gesellschaft, Regensburg 1997, ISBN 3-927529-92-3 .
- Hermann Reidel: Emanuel Joseph von Herigoyen. Kgl. Bayer. Supervisor 1746–1817. Schnell and Steiner, Munich et al. 1982, ISBN 3-7954-0429-0 (also: Freiburg (Breisgau), Univ., Diss., 1980).
- Hermann Reidel: The architecture of the Dalberg period 1802 / 3-1810. In Peter Schmid (ed.): History of the city of Regensburg. Volume: 2. Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg 2000, ISBN 3-7917-1682-4 , pp. 1177–1190.
- Anke Borgmeyer and others: Upper Palatinate. One district cities. City of Regensburg. 1997, pp. 70-71.
- Anke Borgmeyer and others: Upper Palatinate. One district cities. City of Regensburg. 1997, pp. 78-79.
- Karl Bauer: Regensburg art, culture and everyday history . MZ-Buchverlag in H. Gietl Verlag & Publication Service GmbH, Regenstauf 2014, ISBN 978-3-86646-300-4 , p. 445, 415 f., 419 f., 341 f., 550 f., 397, 183, 149 .
- Anke Borgmeyer and others: Upper Palatinate. One district cities. City of Regensburg. 1997, pp. 120-124.
- Anke Borgmeyer and others: Upper Palatinate. One district cities. City of Regensburg. 1997, pp. 356-358.
- Anke Borgmeyer and others: Upper Palatinate. One district cities. City of Regensburg. 1997, pp. 224-225.
- Anke Borgmeyer and others: Upper Palatinate. One district cities. City of Regensburg. 1997, pp. 254-255.
- Anke Borgmeyer and others: Upper Palatinate. One district cities. City of Regensburg. 1997, pp. 294-295.
- Anke Borgmeyer and others: Upper Palatinate. One district cities. City of Regensburg. 1997, p. 404.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Herigoyen, Emanuel Joseph von|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Portuguese builder|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 4, 1746|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Belas near Lisbon|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 27, 1817|
|Place of death||Munich|