|Bremerhaven AG transport company|
|Transport network||Transport association Bremen / Lower Saxony|
|bus||16, plus 2 night lines|
|number of vehicles|
|Omnibuses||13 low-floor two-axle vehicles
59 low-floor articulated buses
|Passengers||14.30 million per year|
|Mileage||63.60 million pkm|
|Catchment area||314 km²|
|Residents in the
|Length of line network|
|Bus routes||236.11 km|
The transport company Bremerhaven AG (VGB) since 2001 BREMERHAVEN BUS is since 1947 for urban public transport in Bremerhaven responsible. The liner concessions have been the responsibility of the BVV parent company, Bremerhavener Versorgungs- und Verkehrs-GmbH, for ten years since 2017 . BVV is a transport company included in the VBN tariff.
The transport company operates public transport on 19 bus routes , including 15 city buses , two express buses and two night lines. The tram was discontinued in 1982. The main transfer point is the main train station ; The buses of many city bus and regional bus lines stop here.
Foundation and name development
By Heinrich Alfes applied for concession to the Bremerhaven Pferdebahn 50 years was carried out in 1879 for Bremerhaven by the Senate of Bremen and the Prussian territory parts Lehe and Geestemünde by the Land Directorate in Hanover.
In 1881 the Bremerhaven tram was founded by the Bremen entrepreneur Alfes .
In 1920 Bremerhaven, Geestemünde and Lehe took part by purchasing half of the share capital in Bremerhavener Straßenbahn AG . In 1926 it became the Bremerhaven-Wesermünde AG tram, the Wesermünde AG tram in 1939 and the Bremerhaven AG (VGB) transport company in 1947 . VGB has been using the name BremerhavenBus since 2001 .
From the horse tram to the tram
On June 26, 1881, the first horse-drawn tram line was opened. The stopless, single-track horse-drawn tram with passing points was stopped by waving. Soon there were over 170 horses. From 1891 the train went in the direction of Wulsdorf via Georgstraße to the Schweizerhalle (horse-drawn train depot). In 1892 1,303,478 people used the horse-drawn tram. In 1896 a line to Speckenbüttel was put into operation. The routes were gradually expanded to double- track.
From 1898 to 1908, the horse-drawn tram was converted into an electric tram operation , initially as an accumulator train . From 1898/1899 the line Karlsburg - Kaiserstraße - Rothersand - Lloydhalle ran. On this route - in the northwestern part - the excursion restaurant "Seelust" was built at the end of the 19th century; the tram and a Bremen brewery were involved. In 1908 there were five color-coded lines:
- Line 1, Orange: Bremerhaven Marktplatz - Rothersand
- Line 2, red: Geestemünde train station - Lehe depot
- Line 3, green: Depot Wulsdorf - Rickmersstr. - Rothersand
- Line 4, Weiß: Fischereihafen - Rickmersstr. - Rothersand
- Line 5, red: Depot Lehe - Speckenbüttel
Motor buses have also been in use since 1925. In 1927 the length of the tram was 23.9 km. Tram line 2 was extended from Langen station to Park Friedrichsruh. In 1935 the first electrical points were introduced. The Fischereihafen ferry was in operation for the transport company from 1931 to 1933 and the Kaiserhafen ferry from 1953 to 1964.
In the post-war period from 1947 to 1958, in addition to trams and buses, trolleybuses were also used on line I Hauptbahnhof - Schiffdorf and from 1949 on line II Hauptbahnhof - Lehe - Stresemannstrasse . Until 1960, the VGB bus routes were marked with letters from A to U (with gaps).
From autumn 1960 there were still tram lines 2 : city limits Langen - Lehe - Ernst-Reuter-Platz - main station and 3 : Lehe station - Rotersand - main station. Before 1960, line 4 ran from Weserlust to the fishing port and line 3 ran through Wulsdorf to the tram station. Bus routes took over these and other areas.
In 1961 the bus depot in Langen city limits was put into operation and in 1980 the then central bus depot next to the fire station on the street Zur Hexenbrücke. Articulated buses have been in use since 1965, and since 1966 in one-man operation (without a conductor).
With the beginning of the summer timetable in 1966, on June 1st, the Bremerhaven AG (VGB) transport company introduced the strip card and its self-service via ticket validator .
In 1969 VGB managed 82 solo buses, 12 articulated buses , 13 tram railcars and 17 sidecars. 17 bus lines and one tram line were operated.
Public transport by buses
The Leherheide district, at that time only the "Alt-Leherheide" with individual buildings, received a bus connection in the early 1950s. A denser residential development, comparable to green courtyards, was noticeable until 1960.
The first new residential area with dense development after the Second World War was in Grünhöfe. It was decided to connect this Geestemünder district with buses from 1957.
In the mid-1970s, full advertising also found its way into the VGB bus sector. The MAN articulated bus of the type 890 UGM 16A , car 105 was the first with so-called pop advertising in Bremerhaven. The advertised discount chain no longer exists today.
From 1976 the main lines were stretched from the usual 10-minute intervals to 12-minute intervals during the Easter and summer holidays (Mondays to Saturdays); Announced on the corresponding timetable tables with an imprinted stamp "Holiday timetable for the Easter and summer holidays". The unfamiliar schedule for vacation and summer time was used by the VGB until 1982.
At that time there was a forerunner to today's ML / NL night lines. Among other things, this VGB night line operated on Christmas Eve from around 5:30 p.m.
In 1982 tram line 2 was converted to bus operation, since then only buses have been used in the entire network. The tram cars ( Hansa - short articulated cars ) were partly taken over by the Bremen tram , which used the same type. Some cars were given to the Timișoara tram in Romania in 1995/1998 . The Association for the Preservation of Historical Values of Bremerhaven (Heinschenwalde location) owns three cars and one train is in the Hanover Tram Museum .
In 1989, 47 articulated buses and 36 standard buses served the network of 13 lines with a line length of 166.5 km. 342 people were employed. From 1990 the operation was switched to low-floor buses, starting with two solo vehicles.
At the end of the last century, the pedestrian zone was built along Bürgermeister-Smidt-Straße. First the buses drove through the entire pedestrian zone.
The 90-minute tariff was introduced in 1992: the single ticket at 2.70 DM for adults and 1.40 DM for children became a season ticket , valid for 90 minutes with any change of vehicle, including a return journey. The 90-minute tariff will continue to apply today (2019).
In 1992 there were first signs of a computer-aided operations control system (RBL), which was specified in 1993. The first section of today's continuous bus lane from the main train station to the Wilhelm Raabe School went into operation. Matrix displays were used on the new line buses to display lines, destinations and routes.
In 1997 the City-liner (line CL) was extended to Langen. The Moon-liner (line ML) first operated on the 1997/98 timetable. Sellstedt and Bramel were served by bus line 7 and the overland line 15 to Bramel and Köhlen was discontinued. In order to better develop the Schierholz area, line 8 (now 508) could be extended through the entire Lotjeweg.
In 1998 the Weser Sprinter (community line 440) was set up; first of all, the bus took the Weser ferry from Bremerhaven to Blexen, in order to continue towards Brake and Oldenburg.
Since 2001, the VGB line buses have had the names of port cities that have been glued into the first door.
Numbers about the operation and the passengers
In 2011, BremerhavenBus supplied an area in and around Bremerhaven of 470.11 km² with 324,000 inhabitants through 18 lines with a line length of 310.48 km and 255 stops. The operating performance was 60.77 million passenger-kilometers in regular service, with 13.67 million passengers being transported in 2011. The vehicle fleet amounted to 13 buses and 57 articulated buses. VGB employed 202 people.
Passenger numbers were 846,944 in 1882 and 1,303,478 in 1892. 25.1 million passengers were carried in 1975, around 18 million in 1989, 13.7 million in 2011 and 14.6 million in 2015.
Most lines run Monday to Friday from 6 a.m. to 7 p.m. and Saturday from 9 a.m. to 10 p.m. every 30 minutes, outside these times every 40 minutes, and after 8 p.m. every hour. During the 40-minute intervals, the buses on lines 507 and 509 only run on partial sections, on line 508 a scheduled taxi is used. At 60-minute intervals, line 503 is limited to the route between Surheide and Flötenkiel.
On weekdays buses run from 5 a.m. to around 0.30 a.m., on weekends non-stop. The main lines 502 and 504/505/506 operate every 10 minutes, in addition to traffic times every 30 minutes on Sundays and holidays every 20 minutes, every 15 minutes on Saturdays. The express bus line S only runs Monday through Friday between 6:30 am and 6:30 pm. The section to the Langen school center is only served by a CallLinienTaxi on weekends. The night bus line ML operates every hour on Saturdays from 1 a.m. to 5 a.m. and on Sundays every hour from 1 a.m. to 7 a.m., as the other lines only run from 8 a.m. on Sundays. The night offer is supplemented by the NL line with two journeys at 1 and 3 a.m. Langen , or at 2 and 4 a.m. from Wulsdorf .
During the cruise season, the ColumbusCruiseCenter is served four times a day by shuttle bus from the main station.
The offer is reinforced by e-cars . There are also trips on line number 509 between Langen and Imsum.
- Lines according to the timetable book of August 27, 2020
- S express bus: Leherheide West - city administration - city center - Georgstraße - Bohmsiel
- 502 Leherheide West - Lehe - city center - main station - green courtyards - Bohmsiel
- 503 Leherheide West - City Administration - Central Station - Surheide
- 504 SZ Langen - Rotersand - City Center - Central Station - IKEA
- 505 Debstedt - Langen - Rotersand - City Center - Central Station - IKEA
- 506 Leherheide Ost - Rotersand - City Center - Wulsdorf, Bahnhofstr.
- 507 Spaden - City Administration - Central Station - Schiffdorf (- Bramel)
- 507 CallLineTaxi: Spaden, Wehdener Str. - Spadener See
- 508 Leherheide West - Schierholz - city center - main station - Bremerhaven Clinic
- 509 Imsum - City Administration - City Center - Central Station - Surheide
- 510 Central Station - Ferry Terminal - Am Seedeich
- 512 Überseering - Lloyd-Werft - Rotersand
- 513 CallLinienTaxi : Plätternweg - Leherheide West
- 514 Central Station - Fishing Port - Bohmsiel
- 515 CallLinienTaxi : Buschkämpen - city administration
- 516 Call line taxi: Carsten-Börger-Str. - Labradorhafen - Seewindstr.
- 517 CallLineTaxi : Veerenholzstr. - Surheide
- 518 CallLinienTaxi: Schierholz-Ost - Eisenbahnstrasse
- HL Hafen-Liner: Rotersand - Thünen Institute
- ML Moon-Liner : Leherheide - Langen - city center - main station - Grünhöfe - Wulsdorf - Surheide - Klinikum Bremerhaven - main station - city center - Lehe - Leherheide ( ring line )
- NL Night-Liner: Debstedt - Langen - City Administration - City Center - Central Station - Wulsdorf, Bohmsiel
In 1935 there were already 14 buses and a trailer.
As of February 21, 2020, BremerhavenBus owned 86 buses, 72 of which were articulated buses and 14 solo buses. Two double-decker buses are also available for city tours as HafenBus or for rented special trips.
The fleet consists of the following types:
- Mercedes-Benz O 530 Ü ( Citaro )
- Mercedes-Benz O 530 MÜ ( Citaro )
- Mercedes-Benz O 530 G ( Citaro )
- Mercedes-Benz O 530 MÜ ( Citaro Facelift )
- Mercedes-Benz O 530 G ( Citaro Facelift )
- Mercedes-Benz O 530 LE ( Citaro C2)
- Mercedes-Benz O 530 LE MÜ ( Citaro C2)
- Mercedes-Benz O 530 G ( Citaro C2)
- Mercedes-Benz O 530 G ( Citaro C2 hybrid)
- MAN NÜ 263
- MAN NL 283 ( Lion's City )
- MAN NG 313 ( Lion's City G)
- Setra S 431 DT
- Official website of BremerhavenBus
- Verkehr-Weser-Elbe / Information about BremerhavenBus
- Local transport in Bremerhaven by Marco Kalk
- Bremerhaven route networks, author: Paul Homann (PDF file)
- VGB-Nachrichten, Author: Paul Homann (PDF file)
- VGB vehicle list, author: Paul Homann (PDF file)
- Wilhelm Stölting: 75 years of the Bremerhaven tram . Ed .: Verkehrsgesellschaft Bremerhaven AG. June 26, 1956.
- Paul Homann: VGB-Nachrichten. (PDF; 3.1 MB) p. 483, date: Saturday January 13 , 2018 , accessed on June 27, 2020 .
- Paul Homann: ÖPNV-Streetennetze from 1881. (PDF; 2.7 MB) p. 34, bookmark January 04 , 1960 , accessed on June 11, 2020 .
- Paul Homann: The "iron conductor" has been used for 50 years. Retrieved June 11, 2020 .
- Paul Homann: The history of the VGB lines in the Leherheide district. Retrieved July 17, 2018 .
- Paul Homann: 60 years ago: The Grünhöfe development area is being built. Retrieved June 29, 2018 .
- flickr.com. Retrieved November 4, 2017 .
- VGB vehicle list, chronicle of articulated buses on page 2 .
- Vacation timetable 1976 // only excerpts // Compiled by Paul Homann. Retrieved June 11, 2020 .
- Line N (1977)the example of Christmas Eve. Retrieved June 11, 2020 .
- Timetable of Verkehrsgesellschaft Bremerhaven AG // valid from 1.8.1982. (PDF; 31 MB) Retrieved June 11, 2020 .
- Jürgen Rabbel: Tram from Bremerhaven has hardly any chance of rescue. Nord24, accessed July 5, 2019 .
- Paul Homann: The pedestrian zone in the 80s and 90s. In: The pedestrian zone in the 80s and 90s. Retrieved April 28, 2019 .
- Time is in your hands. Verkehrsgesellschaft Bremerhaven AG, accessed on April 14, 2019 .
- Paul Homann: VGB-Nachrichten. (PDF; 3.1 MB) p. 106 , accessed on June 27, 2020 .
- Paul Homann: VGB-Nachrichten. (PDF; 3.1 MB) p. 108; Wed, July 22, 1992 , accessed June 27, 2020 .
- Paul Homann: 1993 - 25 years ago - a lot happened at the VGB. Retrieved October 3, 2018 .
- VGB timetable 97/98. (PDF; 25 MB) Retrieved June 11, 2020 .
- Paul Homann: VGB-Nachrichten. (PDF; 3.1 MB) p. 174 (10.10.1998) , accessed on June 27, 2020 .
- Paul Homann: When the BREMERHAVEN BUS vehicles were given their port city names ... Accessed June 11, 2020 .
- Paul Homann: VGB-Nachrichten. (PDF; 3.1 MB) p. 457 ( May 3, 2016) , accessed on June 27, 2020 .
- Paul Homann: The VGB night offer and the story about it. Retrieved June 11, 2020 .
- Omnibus Directory 1935. In: Omnibus Directory 1935. Retrieved on July 5, 2019 .
- Paul Homann: VGB vehicle list. Retrieved June 11, 2020 .