|Buckland Cistercian Abbey|
United Kingdom England Devon
according to Janauschek
|Year of dissolution /
|Mother monastery||Quarr Abbey|
Buckland Abbey is a former Cistercian monk abbey in England . England's furthest west Cistercian monastery is in Buckland Monachorum near Yelverton in Devon , 7 km south of Tavistock and 2½ km west of the Plymouth road .
In 1278 the monastery was founded by Amicia, the Countess of Devon. The abbey founded as one of the last Cistercian monasteries in England (later only Rewley Abbey and St. Mary of Graces Abbey in London ) was a daughter monastery of Quarr Abbey on the Isle of Wight , which comes from the congregation of Savigny monastery and with this the filiation of Clairvaux Primary Abbey . In 1539 the monastery was withdrawn from the crown. After it was given to George Pollard as a fief in 1539 , it passed to Sir Richard Grenville in 1541 and was then converted into a mansion, which was sold to Sir Francis Drake in 1580 , whose descendants owned it until 1946. In 1938 the house was seriously affected by a fire. In 1948 the plant came to the National Trust .
Plant and buildings
The medieval, cross-shaped church with a crossing tower has been preserved , but without side aisles, which became the core of the new house. The crossing became the Great Hall, while a house chapel was set up in the presbytery . The monastery buildings in the north of the church were demolished. From the 14th century, a tithe barn, almost 50 m long and around 12 m high, has been preserved east of the church.
- Antony New: A guide to the abbeys of England and Wales. Constable and Company, London 1985, ISBN 0-09-463520-X , pp. 85 ff., With a sketch of the location.