Krumau am Kamp Castle

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Krumau am Kamp Castle
Krumau Castle, Krumau am Kamp.jpg
Creation time : 11th to 12th centuries
Castle type : Hilltop castle
Conservation status: Receive
Place: Krumau am Kamp
Geographical location 48 ° 35 '25.4 "  N , 15 ° 26' 50.9"  E Coordinates: 48 ° 35 '25.4 "  N , 15 ° 26' 50.9"  E
Krumau am Kamp Castle (Lower Austria)
Krumau am Kamp Castle

The Castle Krumau am Kamp is a medieval hilltop castle in the town of Krumau am Kamp in the district of Krems-Land in Lower Austria . It is a listed building .


Krumau is mentioned as a place as early as 1056. A donation to the Zwettl monastery is mentioned for 1141. The construction of the castle is said to go back to Heinrich II. Jasomirgott . In 1168 a Prunricus de Crumbenow is mentioned as a burgrave . Because of the river crossing, Krumau was strategically important for the duke and became the center of the Babenbergs' own property in the central Waldviertel .

Margarete von Babenberg retired to the castle in 1261. While she probably spent most of the winters in Krems , she lived in the castle during the warmer seasons, where she also died in 1267.

After the death of King Ottokar II Přemysl (1278) the castle became part of the Habsburg family . The castle was pledged several times, with the pledgeeers treating it like their own property and making changes. In 1522, the then pawnbroker Gregor Rauber had the palas increased and the medieval castle converted into a more homely palace. Nevertheless, parts of the complex were already so dilapidated in 1567 that individual castle walls collapsed into the Kamp.

In 1601 the last lien owner, Peter Gregorotzky, acquired the rule as free property. He was a stewardess under Emperor Matthias . Since he had joined the rebellious Horner Bund in 1620 , his goods were confiscated by Emperor Ferdinand II . In the same year, the castle was occupied by soldiers from the imperial general Buquoy .

Gregorotzky's son-in-law, Sigmund von Megier, was able to regain power. In 1667/68 there was a generous expansion of the castle. Around 1755 his descendants moved to Krems. The castle was soon neglected. Before 1790, usable components such as windows, doors and stoves were removed and used to design Idolsberg Castle.

After several transfers of ownership, the half-ruin was leased to the municipality of Krumlov. Parts that were still habitable were temporarily used as a poor house. In the following years it was used by the surrounding population as a quarry to build their houses. The wood of the roof was used as construction and fuel.

In 1814 Heinrich Freiherr von Pereira-Arnstein acquired Krumau and had part of the castle ruins made habitable again. The rest was left to decay. From 1842 the owners changed frequently. The castle was inhabited until 1942. In 1953 a fire destroyed the roof structure. This was renewed by the state of Lower Austria , which acquired the building in 1959. In 1976 the castle was returned to private ownership. After extensive renovation, the former castle is now used for residential purposes.


The castle complex is enthroned immediately northwest of the center of Krumau am Kamp on a rock that falls steeply to the left bank of the Kamp. A predominantly natural incision separates the rock from the heavily elevated foreland in the northwest. After extensive restoration, the castle, which is now habitable, conveys an impressive romantic image through romanticizing but thoroughly harmonious additions, especially of the valley .


  • Georg Binder: The Lower Austrian castles and palaces. 2 volumes, Hartleben Verlag, Vienna / Leipzig 1925, II, pp. 34, 43 ff.
  • Bertrand Michael Buchmann , Brigitte Fassbinder: Castles and palaces between Gföhl, Ottenstein and Grafenegg. Castles and palaces in Lower Austria , Volume 17 Birch series, St. Pölten – Vienna 1990, p. 26 ff.
  • Evelyn Benesch, Bernd Euler-Rolle , Claudia Haas, Renate Holzschuh-Hofer, Wolfgang Huber, Katharina Packpfeifer, Eva Maria Vancsa-Tironiek, Wolfgang Vogg: Lower Austria north of the Danube (=  Dehio-Handbuch . Die Kunstdenkmäler Österreichs ). Anton Schroll & Co, Vienna et al. 1990, ISBN 3-7031-0652-2 , p. 616 .
  • Falko Daim , Karin Kühtreiber, Thomas Kühtreiber : Castles - Waldviertel, Wachau, Moravian Thayatal . 2nd edition, Verlag Freytag & Berndt, Vienna 2009, ISBN 978-3-7079-1273-9 , p. 267 ff.
  • Franz Eppel : The Waldviertel . Verlag St. Peter, Salzburg 1966, p. 145.
  • Stephan Fordinal: Krumau am Kamp Castle as the center of the Krumau rule . In: Heimatbuch der Marktgemeinde Krumau am Kamp (ed. V. Marktgemeinde Krumau am Kamp), Krumau am Kamp 1995, pp. 143–164.
  • Franz Fux: Castle and rule Krumau am Kamp . Das Waldviertel 11 / 3–4, Horn 1962, pp. 44–49; 11 / 5-6, Horn 1962, pp. 76-80.
  • Friedrich-Wilhelm Krahe: Castles of the German Middle Ages, floor plan dictionary . Würzburg 1994, p. 344.
  • Georg Clam-Martinic : Österreichisches Burgenlexikon , Linz 1992, ISBN 9783902397508 , p. 148
  • Gerhard Reichhalter, Karin and Thomas Kühtreiber: Castles Waldviertel Wachau . Verlag Schubert & Franzke, St. Pölten 2001, ISBN 3705605305 , p. 196 ff.
  • Gerhard Stenzel : From castle to castle in Austria. 1973, p. 193.
  • Gerhard Stenzel, Austria's castles. Himberg 1989, p. 122.
  • Hans Tietze : The monuments of the political district Krems . Austrian Art Topography I, Vienna 1907, p. 270 f.
  • Georg Matthäus Vischer : Topographia Archiducatus Austriae Inferioris Modernae 1672. Reprint Graz 1976 VOMB, No. 60.

Web links

Commons : Krumau Castle  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Online at Austria Forum