Camille Chautemps

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Camille Chautemps (1925)

Camille Chautemps (born February 1, 1885 in Paris , † July 1, 1963 in Washington, DC ) was a French politician. He was Prime Minister of the Third Republic three times .


Chautemps, who belonged to the Parti radical , first completed a degree in law . In 1912 he became mayor of Tours , and in 1919 he became a member of the National Assembly . Between 1924 and 1926 he was appointed minister to the center-left cabinets of Édouard Herriot , Paul Painlevé and Aristide Briand , initially serving as interior minister and later as minister of justice and war .

On February 21, 1930, Chautemps became Prime Minister for the first time, but on March 2, he had to hand over power to his predecessor André Tardieu . He was then again Minister of the Interior between 1932 and 1933, before assuming the highest government office for the second time on November 26, 1933. The financial scandal, known as the Stavisky affair , in which members of his cabinet were involved, already forced him to resign on January 30, 1934.

In 1936 he returned to the executive as Minister of State in the Popular Front government of Léon Blum , before becoming Prime Minister for the third time as its successor on June 22, 1937. He operated the nationalization of the railway, which resulted in the establishment of the SNCF on September 1, 1937 . On March 10, 1938, Chautemps resigned as prime minister for the last time, but took over the office of deputy head of government in the cabinets of his successors Édouard Daladier and Paul Reynaud . After the German invasion of France , he campaigned for a quick armistice. He then also belonged to the new government of Philippe Pétain as Vice Prime Minister, but resigned after a month.

In November 1940, Chautemps went into exile in the USA before living in North Africa for a short time after the German surrender in 1944. After the war , he temporarily returned to France, while his family stayed permanently in the USA, where he died in 1963.

Works (selection)

  • 1906: Faculté de droit de Paris
  • 1926: Tours et la guerre: étude économique et sociale
  • 1963: Cahiers secrets de l'armistice (1939–1940)


Web links

Commons : Camille Chautemps  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Chautemps, Camille: Faculté de droit de Paris. La réparation des maladies professionnelles. Thèse pour le doctorat ... par Camille Chautemps, ... , Impr. E. Arrault, 1906
  2. Michel Lhéritier and Camille Chautemps: Tours et la guerre: étude économique et sociale , Volume 12, Les Presses universitaires de France, 1926
  3. Chautemps, Camille: Cahiers secrets de l'armistice (1939-1940) , Plon, 1963
predecessor Office successor
André Tardieu
Albert Sarraut
Léon Blum
Prime Minister of France
February 21, 1930 - February 25, 1930
November 26, 1933 - January 27, 1934
June 29, 1937 - March 10, 1938
André Tardieu
Édouard Daladier
Léon Blum
Justin de Selves
Abraham Schrameck
Jean Durand
André Tardieu
Albert Mahieu
Minister of the Interior of France
June 14, 1924 - April 17, 1925
November 28, 1925 - March 9, 1926
July 19, 1926 - July 23, 1926
February 21, 1930 - March 2, 1930
June 3, 1932 - January 30, 1934
Abraham Schrameck
Louis Malvy
Albert Sarraut
André Tardieu
Eugène Frot
Anatole de Monzie Minister of Justice of France
October 29, 1925 - November 28, 1925
René Renoult
Pierre Marraud Minister of Education of France
December 13, 1930 - January 27, 1931
Mario Roustan