Carlos Felipe Morales

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Carlos Felipe Morales Languasco

Carlos Felipe Morales Languasco (born August 23, 1868 in Puerto Plata , † March 1, 1914 in Paris ) was a Dominican politician and President of the Dominican Republic .


Morales first attended a seminary , after which he was ordained a priest before completing military training as an officer . In the course of his military career he rose to general and in 1902 was appointed governor of the province of Puerto Plata .

On October 24, 1903, he succeeded the former President Juan Isidro Jiménez as the leader of the so-called "Unionista Revolution". It was an alliance of convenience between the rival supporters of Jiménez (Jiminista) and that of the former President Horacio Vásquez (Horacista), who wanted to overthrow Alejandro Woss y Gil , who came to power in a coup in March 1903 and who was a supporter of the 1899 overthrown dictator Ulises "Lilís" Heureaux and the "Lilísismo" founded by him. One month after he became president of the counter-government, on November 24, 1903, Woss y Gil was ousted and, finally, on December 6, 1903, Morales was sworn in as President of the Dominican Republic .

After a few skirmishes with opposing units, presidential elections were held in June 1904 with the support of the USA , which sought in particular to adopt the tariffs that were profitable for them. From these elections he emerged as the clear winner and received 413 of 428 electoral votes, while the remaining electoral votes were split between several other candidates. Ramón Cáceres , a cousin of Horacio Vásquez, who not only shot Heureaux, but also overthrew Jiménez in a coup in May 1902, was elected vice-president . Vice-President Cáceres, the leader of the supporters of Vásquez, soon turned against the elected President Morales, as did another caudillo , General Desiderio Arias. The fighting between the three camps lasted for several months and initially led to the president's flight to the Dominican mountains and skirmishes between loyal supporters of Morales and government troops under Cáceres. Finally, on January 12, 1906, Morales' own cabinet appointed Vice President Cáceres to succeed him as President.

Morales then went into exile in Paris . A year later, Cáceres nevertheless ceded the customs revenue to the USA. In 1912 he returned from exile to lead a revolt to overthrow President Eladio Victoria . After his overthrow, he was appointed special envoy to Europe in December 1912 by Victoria's successor Archbishop Adolfo Alejandro Nouel .

Web links

Commons : Carlos Morales Languasco  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Notes and individual references

  1. In other sources, the year of birth is given as 1864.
  2. Carlos Felipe Morales at (Spanish)
  3. ^ Dominican Republic. 1848 to 1986 Presidential Election Results
predecessor Office successor
Alejandro Woss y Gil President of the Dominican Republic
1903 - 1906
Ramón Cáceres