Charge (student union)

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Charge of the Rostock Wingolf (1904)

The leadership positions in student associations are referred to as batches ( French: la charge for load, burden, office) . They were already common (historically) with the student orders and the country teams . The owner of the batch is called the charged person ; however, both terms are often used to mean incumbent. The term is borrowed from military parlance. The number, tasks and names of the individual batches differ from connection type to connection type.


Charged of the Corps Lusatia Leipzig in tails and costume

The volunteers are elected by the boys from their own ranks for one semester. Short-term deselection and re-election are always possible by the members of the responsible convent . The group of eligible voters varies from connection to connection, but is usually limited to the student “full members”. The old gentlemen - usually far outnumbered - usually have neither active nor passive voting rights.

The powers of the charged extend over the area of ​​the respective Aktivitas or the respective corps boy convent . Board members of old gentlemen's associations are not called "Chargierte". The designation "old gentlemen" or "Philistine batches" is quite common in Austria among Catholic associations.

At the Kösener Corps , it is customary for those charged to be elected to a batch ad interim ( Latin until further notice) at the beginning of the semester . The definitive choice can only be made after a successfully completed scale length . According to the old Kosen view, a conscript is not a " corps boy "; he has a special status in the corps. In the event of early dismissal, the person concerned will be "lifted from the charge". A corps boy who only "provides" a batch (e.g. vers. ×phia) is not considered to be charged.

Some compounds is the body of Chargierten as Chargia , batch Cabinet or batch Team .


Under Déchargierung means the relief of Chargierten at the end of the semester. It is customary to evaluate the conduct of office in the form of predicates (also calculus ).


Berlin (1912)

When charging is referred to in this context the solemn appearance of Chargierten for representation purposes. Vollwichs are usually worn here. Often the old and extremely elaborate splendor flags of the connections are used. Charging can also be delegated to other full members of the association.

In the 19th century it was sometimes common for those charged to appear at representative events on horseback, for example in Marburg in 1906 .

The individual batches

Striking connections

As the oldest connections, the corps specified the development of the batches:

  • Senior , also first appointed or speaker
  • Consenior , also second charged or fencing warden
  • Sub-seniors , also third-party delegates, secretary, secretary, secretary or actuary

The batch numbers that appear after the respective circle are usually × for the first, ×phia for the second, and × myself for the third party. In the senior citizens' conventions in Göttingen, Clausthal, Hanover, Jena, Leipzig, Munich, Passau and Ulm, the senior has three crosses and the sub-senior one cross as a batch symbol.

The senior is the primus inter pares of the charged, leads the active operation and represents the connection to the outside. He is represented by the Consenior, who is responsible for running the mensur and organizing social events. The sub-senior is responsible for the correspondence and records the convention. Sometimes he also runs the cash register.

Traditionally , the function of the fox major does not belong to the batches in striking student associations . The fox major is responsible for the offspring.

Non-striking connections

The typical batch distribution for non-impact connections is:

  • Senior or Speaker (×)
  • Consenior (×haben)
  • Secretary
  • Cashier
  • Fuxmajor (FM)

With many connections, the fox major is not a batch, but just a "function".

Christian connections

In most Wingolfsverbindungen the fox Major ××, the Kneip waiting ××× is.

Catholic student associations still know the scriptor (secretary or secretary) and the quaestor (treasurer or cashier).

Austrian student associations

The Mittelschüler-Kartell-Verband in the association of (high school) student associations knows six batches: Senior (×), Consenior (×phia), Fuchsmajor (FM), Secretary (× myself), Treasurer (× × × ×) and Budenwart ( BW).


Some Swiss student associations have the Cantusmagister (CM) and (in striking associations) the Fechtchargierten (FCh) as additional batches.

The Zofingia usually has five batches:

  • President (×)
  • Vice President (V ×)
  • Fox Major (FM)
  • Treasurer (×haben)
  • Actuary

Batch numbers and brackets

During their batch time, for most of the connections, the charged persons have the abbreviation of the performed batch in their signature in addition to the connection circle . As a rule, one × for the senior , or spokesman or first-time delegate, one × phia for the consenior or fencing warden and one × myself × for the treasurer / clerk or third-party delegate. Just like the circles, the batch marks have their origin in the endeavor dating from the time of the student orders to keep the life of union secret from the public.

These x is the cross and not by the letter X .

Another view is that it is a form of elliptical parlance. In the student language of the 19th century, abbreviations and letters were common. The x should the Greek letter χ represent the initial sound in the on assumed from the French word ( "chi") Ch corresponds arge and - pars pro toto - was transferred to the whole word.

Due to its importance for the connection, the fox major usually also has an abbreviation in addition to the connection circle , namely the two letters FM .

In the case of many connections, these batch numbers can be put in brackets after a successful administration, that is, in brackets after names and circles for the rest of your life. The criteria for brackets vary greatly depending on the connection and umbrella organization. In some connections, you can automatically clip all batches after discharge by the convent (student association) . In the case of striking connections, the brackets are usually dependent on the fencing of a (good) scale on the respective batch.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Robert Paschke : Student History Lexicon . SH-Verlag 1999, p. 64
  2. ^ Holger Zillner: Freemasonry and student associations . Trauner, 2005. p. 64.
  3. ^ Norbert Nail: Go-in / Go-out - Continuity and change in the German student language of the 19th and 20th centuries. One try. (PDF; 281 kB)


  • Robert Paschke : Corps student dictionary. Handbook of the Kösener Corps student, 6th edition, vol. 1. Würzburg 1985, p. 322
  • Norbert Nail: Go-in / Go-out - continuity and change in the German student language of the 19th and 20th centuries. An attempt