City of Sunderland
|status||Metropolitan Borough , City|
|region||North East England|
|Ceremony county||Tyne and Wear|
|was standing||June 30, 2018|
The City of Sunderland is a Metropolitan Borough with the status of a City in Metropolitan County Tyne and Wear in England . The administrative seat is the city of the same name Sunderland . Other significant places in the borough are Bishopwearmouth , Doxford Park , Farringdon , Fulwell , Grindon , Hetton-le-Hole , Houghton-le-Spring , Redhouse , Roker , Ryhope , Seaburn , Southwick ,Thorney Close and Washington .
The reorganization of the borders and the competencies of the local authorities resulted in the formation of the Metropolitan Borough of Tyne and Wear in 1974. The County Borough of Sunderland and the urban districts of Hetton, Houghton-le-Spring and Washington were merged. These local authorities were previously part of County Durham .
In 1986 Sunderland became a de facto unitary authority when the central government dissolved the superordinate administration of Tyne and Wear. Sunderland remained part of Tyne and Wear for ceremonial purposes as well as for individual higher-level tasks such as fire fighting and public transport.
- The Sunderland Museum with the Winter Gardens
- The National Glass Center , opened in 1998
- The Empire Theater, the largest theater in North East England
- The Royalty Theater
- The stage of light
- The Crowtree Leisure Center
- "The Walrus" in Mowbray Park
- On a 136 m high hill between Washington and Houghton-le-Spring is the Penshaw Monument , a Greek temple rebuilt from 1844 on behalf of Charles Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry (based on the model of the Hephaestus Temple in Athens, but halfway Scale). Its official name is The Earl of Durham's Monument , named after the former owner who gave it to the National Trust in 1939.
Daughters and sons of the city
- Walter Summers (1914–2007), racing cyclist, born in Ryhope
Sunderland has twinned cities with