Cuitláhuac was the eleventh son of the ruler Axayacatl and the ruler of Iztapalapa . He succeeded his brother Moctezuma II , who had been captured by the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés . Cuitláhuac commanded the Aztec troops in the battle of June 30, 1520, from which the Aztecs emerged victorious, and which the Spaniards called La Noche Triste , "the sad night". But due to the technical superiority of the Spanish weapons, this victory of the Aztecs was a Pyrrhic victory bought at a high price : 400 fallen Spaniards faced several thousand Aztecs killed.
In Veracruz , the municipality of Cuitláhuac and its main town, Cuitláhuac, are named after the Aztec ruler, and there is a stop of his name in the Mexico City subway in the Delegación Miguel Hidalgo .
The asteroid (2275) Cuitlahuac was also named after him.
- Bernal Díaz del Castillo : History of the Conquest of Mexico. Edited and edited by Georg A. Narciß. Insel-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1988, ISBN 3-458-32767-3 ( Insel-Taschenbuch 1067), (Spanish original title: Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España ).
- Hanns J. Prem : The Aztecs. History - culture - religion. 4th revised edition. CH Beck, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-406-45835-1 ( Beck knowledge ).
- Berthold Riese : The Empire of the Aztecs. History and culture . CH Beck, Munich 2011. ISBN 978-3-406-61400-2 .
- Cf. Berthold Riese: Das Reich der Azteken. History and culture . CH Beck, Munich 2011, p. 280
- Lutz D. Schmadel : Dictionary of Minor Planet Names . Fifth Revised and Enlarged Edition. Ed .: Lutz D. Schmadel. 5th edition. Springer Verlag , Berlin , Heidelberg 2003, ISBN 978-3-540-29925-7 , pp. 185 (English, 992 pp., Link.springer.com [ONLINE; accessed on November 4, 2017] Original title: Dictionary of Minor Planet Names . First edition: Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg 1992): “Named in honor of the tenth emperor of the Aztec empire, who reigned briefly in 1520. "
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Ruler of the Aztec city of Tenochtitlán|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 1470|
|DATE OF DEATH||between October 1520 and December 1520|