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Image of Cuitláhuac on an illuminated manuscript from the 16th century

Cuitláhuac ( Nahuatl for dried manure  ; * around 1470, † 1520) was the ruler of the Aztec capital Tenochtitlán from June to October 1520 .

Cuitláhuac was the eleventh son of the ruler Axayacatl and the ruler of Iztapalapa . He succeeded his brother Moctezuma II , who had been captured by the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés . Cuitláhuac commanded the Aztec troops in the battle of June 30, 1520, from which the Aztecs emerged victorious, and which the Spaniards called La Noche Triste , "the sad night". But due to the technical superiority of the Spanish weapons, this victory of the Aztecs was a Pyrrhic victory bought at a high price : 400 fallen Spaniards faced several thousand Aztecs killed.

During the Spanish siege of the city of Tenochtitlán, Cuitláhuac died of smallpox introduced by the Spanish . His cousin Cuauhtémoc succeeded him to the throne.


In Veracruz , the municipality of Cuitláhuac and its main town, Cuitláhuac, are named after the Aztec ruler, and there is a stop of his name in the Mexico City subway in the Delegación Miguel Hidalgo .

The asteroid (2275) Cuitlahuac was also named after him.


Individual evidence

  1. Cf. Berthold Riese: Das Reich der Azteken. History and culture . CH Beck, Munich 2011, p. 280
  2. ^ Lutz D. Schmadel : Dictionary of Minor Planet Names . Fifth Revised and Enlarged Edition. Ed .: Lutz D. Schmadel. 5th edition. Springer Verlag , Berlin , Heidelberg 2003, ISBN 978-3-540-29925-7 , pp.  185 (English, 992 pp., [ONLINE; accessed on November 4, 2017] Original title: Dictionary of Minor Planet Names . First edition: Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg 1992): “Named in honor of the tenth emperor of the Aztec empire, who reigned briefly in 1520. "