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Ad delicatessen shop, Koblenz 1909
Oysters as a delicacy

As a delicacy (of . French délicat , fine, delicate, sensitive, delicate, tender ', délicatesse , sensitivity, delicacy, finesse, delicacy') is known since the late 16th century fine things. Today it is mainly understood to mean dishes that are also known as delicatessen . The main meaning of the term was initially sensitive or tricky .

In today's parlance, delicacies are foods and drinks that delight with their special taste, so-called “palate ticklers” or “delicacies”. Although the deli with a few exceptions such as oysters , caviar , shrimp , lobster or sliced truffle actually a performance art of cooking is increasingly being seen only luxurious and correspondingly expensive food and beverages as delicacies.

The conception of what a delicacy is is subject to trends that also include historical and non-European eating habits. Many dishes based on porcini mushrooms and chanterelles or herring have long been poor people's food and have now become delicacies. Game is also a delicacy.

The food industry likes to use the term as an additive for various canning products such as delicatessen cucumbers and delicatessen herring .

Language history

Initially, “Delicatesse” referred to the aesthetic influences of French culture during absolutism , which were a model for Germany . The linguistic societies of the Baroque period initially contrasted the loan word with the expression “delicacy”.

Doing something “with delicacy” also meant treating it with tact .

In German dictionary of the brothers Grimm delicacy does not have its own entry, although the word in connection with other terms treat is mentioned. In Grimm, words such as yummy food , yeast meal and delicacies appear as synonyms . In the Encyclopedia of Johann Georg Krünitz is Delicatesse also synonymous with delicacy. Its definition is:

“By tasty bites, tasty yen, or delicatessen, I mean any thing that, consumed by a healthy person, stimulates the nerve warts of his tongue and palate in a pleasant way, and whose convenience is thereby greatly increased if at the same time Fragrance takes place. "

Web links

Wiktionary: Delicacy  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wiktionary: Delicacies  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

See also

Individual evidence

  1. délicat , délicatesse