The tricorn

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The tricorn ( Spanish El sombrero de tres picos , French Le Tricorne ) is a ballet by Manuel de Falla . The choreography was created by Léonide Massine . De Falla had worked on the music between 1916 and 1919, and the work had been preceded two years earlier by the mimic farce El corregidor y la molinera , a dance pantomime . Gregorio Martínez Sierra designed the plot based on a novel by Pedro Antonio de Alarcón . The first performance of the work took place on July 22, 1919 in London Alhambra Theater by the company Ballets Russes of Sergei Diaghilev instead. The conductor of the premiere was Ernest Ansermet . Pablo Picasso provided the curtain , the costumes and the set . Executives were Tamara Karsawina , Léonide Massine and Leon Woizikowsky .

The beautiful miller's wife was danced by Tamara Karsawina in 1919. Portrait from 1909.
Miller's dancer and choreographer Léonide Massine. Portrait by Leon Bakst , 1914

Musical classification and content

The work was composed by de Falla in his second major creative period , which lasted from 1914 to 1920, and shows a strong influence of Spanish folklore coloring . In collaboration with Sergei Diaghilew, whom de Falla had met in Paris, the piece was thoroughly reworked for the final performance.

The ballet is about a beautiful miller, her jealous and cunning husband and the Corregidor , a somewhat older provincial governor, whose dignity is embodied in the tricorn . The corregidor desires the beautiful woman, but is outwitted and exposed by her and her husband.

Musical classification of the work (suite)

The ballet has eleven movements:

first act

  1. Introduccion y escena (introduction and scene), a powerful mezzoscopic voice sings the text right at the beginning: Casadita, casadita, cierra con tranca la puerta. Que aunque el diablo esté dormido, a lo mejor se despierta! ( Lock the door tightly in this house, the devil is sleeping, but maybe he will wake up! )
  2. La tarde (the afternoon)
  3. Danza de la molinera ( Fandango ) (dance of the miller's wife)
  4. Las uvas (The Grapes)

Second act

  1. Danza de los vecinos ( Seguidillas ) (Dance of the Neighbors)
  2. Danza del molinero ( Farruca ) (Miller's Dance)
  3. Allegretto
  4. Las coplas del cuco (song of the cuckoo) the mezzo-soprano sings: Por la noche canta el cuco, Advirtiendo a los casados, que pongan bien los cerrojos, que el diablo está desvelado. Por la noche canta el cuco: Cucú ... ( In the night the cuckoo sings as a warning for the married, ends well, because the devil does not sleep ... )
  5. Danza del corregidor ( Minué ) (Dance of the Corregidor )
  6. Allegro
  7. Danza final ( iota ) (final dance)

Audio sample


Individual evidence

  1. Eberhard Rebling : Ballett A - Z , 1980, p. 89
  2. Kerstin Marfordt: The Spanish coloring of Manuel de Falla's music using the example of the ballet “Der Dreispitz” (1919) , musicological advanced seminar work, GRIN Verlag 2000, ISBN 978-3-640-13965-1 , p. 14 ff.
  3. Schwanensee website with table of contents
  4. ^ Website of the Conservatorio Superior de Música "Rafael Orozco" de Córdoba
  5. Website with a detailed description of the ballet (Spanish)
  6. Manuel de Falla: El sombrero de tres picos, ballet , Partitur, J. & W. Chester, Ltd., London 1921, p. 152