A recipient (also addressee or recipient ) is in the information-theoretical sense of a sender-recipient model a person or institution who receives a message or other information from the sender ( addressee ) through a medium .
The sender and recipient can be in the same place and then communicate directly with each other ( conversation , negotiation , discussion ) or both are out of sight or call range . Then they need a means of communication for their telecommunication in order to communicate . A distinction must be made between asynchronous and synchronous telecommunications. With asynchronous telecommunications , messages are recorded or written down, transported to the recipient with a time delay and only then (perhaps) received by him ( letter , e-mail , fax , answering machine ). The synchronous telecommunications provides a two-way communication connection, the sender and recipient are in direct contact brings ( telephony , video conferencing , chat ). Sender and recipient can constantly change their roles in the course of synchronous communication - the sender becomes the recipient and the recipient becomes the sender.
Communication between sender and recipient
The sender already has the information (he has an information advantage: asymmetrical information ) and intends to pass it on to a recipient. The sender uses a certain carrier medium ( language , writing ) to transmit messages in order to make the information transparent for the recipient. With primary media , no device is interposed between the sender and recipient ; secondary media require technical equipment on the sender's side, but not on the recipient's side. Tertiary media require a technical device for both the sender and the recipient. If the recipient needs a technical device ( telephone , radio receiver , television receiver , computer for e-mails ), he must use this to receive the information.
The sender and recipient must be active in the transmission of information. While the sender must endeavor to select a level of communication appropriate to the addressee, the recipient must perceive the information ( listening , reading ), possibly decoding it and processing it if necessary. If information is incorrectly coded by the sender or incorrectly decoded by the recipient, there is a misunderstanding . The communication from the sender to the recipient turns evaluated data into information, with which an expansion of the recipient's knowledge is connected.
- Julia Haberstroh / Katharina Neumeyer / Johannes Pantel, Communication in Dementia , 2016, p. 28
- Dietmar Brunner, Information, Communication and Planning in Work , 2014, p. 88
- Georg Hans Wiebecke, The Interface Between R&D and Marketing , 1989, p. 103
- Helmut Fickenscher, Goal-Oriented Information Management , 1991, p. 5