European Sibyl , Latin Sibilla europa , is the name of a Sibyl that was added to the ten Sibyls listed by Laktanz in late antiquity together with Sibylla Agrippina in the Middle Ages . This resulted in a number of women equal to the minor prophets of the Book of the Twelve Prophets of the Old Testament , who in the Middle Ages were then regarded as pagan heralds of an expectation of God.
Despite its indirect origin from the sibyl tradition of antiquity, the European sibyl has no further reference to classical mythology and cannot be found in any way in antiquity.
Although sibyls are a common motif in Gothic and Renaissance art , the European sibyls are very seldom represented in the groups of sibyls . From time to time you can find them, however, B. in the following locations:
- Bagolino , Italy, fresco by GP da Cemmo in the Church of San Rocco, from 1483 to 1486
- Also , France, in the cathedral in one of the stained glass windows with sibyls and prophets made by Arnaud de Moes between 1503 and 1513
- Passau , Germany, in the Sankt Stephan cathedral as a gusset in the ceiling paintings of the cycle with several sibyls from 1682 by Carpoforo Tencalla
- Radebeul , Germany, in the interior of the Elector in the Hoflößnitz mountain and pleasure house
- Puebla , Mexico. In the dean's house, Casa del Deán, there are frescoes from the 16th century depicting the Sibyls, including Europa.
In the copper engravings with consequences of sibyls of the late Renaissance it is more likely to be found. B. The European Sibyl in the series by Claude Vignon of 1593.
- Des Lucius Caelius Firmianus Lactantius writings. Translated from Latin by Aloys Hartl. (Library of the Church Fathers, 1st row, Volume 36) Munich 1919. Chapter 5
- Cf. for example the Schedelsche Weltchronik from 1493 ( digitized at Wikisource ).
- F. Bolpagni: Giovan Pietro da Cemmo e gli affreschi di San Rocco a Bagolino: nuovi contributi documentari . In: Artes, 11.2003 (2005), pp. 14–50 (Italian)
- J. Droste-Hennings; T. Droste: DuMont Art Guide France The Southwest. The landscapes between the Massif Central, the Atlantic Ocean and the Pyrenees (DuMont Art Travel Guide), DuMont Reiseverlag 2007, pp. 284–285.
- Dresden, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, Kupferstich-Kabinett.