Felix Abraham

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Felix Abraham (born August 30, 1901 in Frankfurt am Main ; † September 8, 1937 in Florence ) was a German doctor, sexual forensic expert (court expert ) and "head of the sex forensic department" at the first institute for sexology in Berlin .


Stumbling block at the house, Gritznerstrasse 78, in Berlin-Steglitz

At the end of 1928 Abraham did his doctorate with Philipp Schwartz in Frankfurt am Main with the dissertation Investigations on the changes in the mortality statistics of the first year of life , which appeared in book form that same year. One year after receiving his doctorate , he started working as an assistant doctor. From 1929 until the handover of power to the National Socialists in 1933 and the subsequent closure of the Institute for Sexology in Berlin, he was its “head of the sex forensic department” (forensic medicine ) and took part in sex science courses. His special interest was focused on " sexual offenses " such asInfantilism , exhibitionism and flagellantism . In addition to the board of directors, he was one of the three permanent doctors at the institute and successor to psychiatry lecturer Arthur Kronfeld .

At the institute he was the contact person for “ transvestites ”, a term that at that time comprised today's terms from travesty to transgender to transsexuality . Rudolph Richter (* 1891) lived and worked under the first name Dora , also called Dorchen , for more than ten years as a housemaid in the institute. Castration was carried out as early as 1922 . A penectomy was performed at the beginning of 1931 , followed by the construction of a neovagina in June 1931. This first complete surgical “ genital conversion ”, like the second case by Arno (Toni) E., was carried out by Ludwig Levy-Lenz at the institute. Both cases were published by Abraham in 1931 in the Zeitschrift für Sexualwissenschaft .

Around 1933 Abraham was friends with the pianist Ellen Epstein . In 1935 Abraham practiced as a doctor in Berlin. At the end of 1937 he committed suicide in exile in Florence. His suicide is documented by a letter from the beginning of 1939.

On November 12, 2016 , a stumbling block was laid in front of his former home, Berlin-Steglitz , Gritznerstrasse 78 .


  • Investigations into the changes in the mortality statistics of the first year of life , Münch, Frankfurt am Main-Niederrad 1928 (dissertation)
  • Foreword to Karl Plättner : Eros in prison. Longing cries of tortured people for love. An illumination of the prisoners 'sexual distress, processed on the basis of personal experiences, observations and messages in eight years' imprisonment . Foreword by Magnus Hirschfeld and Felix Abraham,
    1st edition: Mopr-Verlag, Berlin 1929;
    2nd edition: Witte, Hannover 1930
  • Editor of Perversions Sexual. D'après l'enseignement du docteur Magnus Hirschfeld, par son premier assistant le docteur Félix Abraham; traduit et adapté par le docteur Pierre Vachet , Éditions internationales François Aldor, Paris 1931.
  • Surgical interventions for anomalies in sexual life , in: therapy of the present n ° 67, 1926, pp. 451–455
  • Genital conversions on two male transvestites , Zeitschrift für Sexualwissenschaft und Sexualpolitik, No. 18, 1931 pp. 223–226.


  • Volkmar Sigusch : History of Sexology. Frankfurt / M., New York: Campus Verlag 2008, ISBN 978-3-593-38575-4 , pp. 100, 347, 354 f., 361.
  • Rainer Lords: Felix Abraham . In: Volkmar Sigusch and Günter Grau (eds.): Personenlexikon der Sexualforschung , Frankfurt / M., New York: Campus Verlag 2009, ISBN 978-3-593-39049-9 , pp. 19-21.
  • Ralf Dose : "There hasn't been a so-called bourgeois life for him for a very long time." med. Felix Abraham - Fragments of a Life. In: Communications from the Magnus Hirschfeld Society. Issue 54, June 2016, pp. 9–23.

Web links

Commons : Felix Abraham  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Memorial plaque Dr. Felix Abraham , website of the Magnus Hirschfeld Society, accessed on May 26, 2017.
  2. Joseph Hynie: The History of Sex Research in Czechoslovakia , first published in:
    (ed.) Rolf Gindorf and Erwin J. Haeberle: Sexology and Sexual Politics , Berlin 1992, pp 91-117
  3. Jump up ↑ The unknown hero of the early transgender movement. In: www.queer.de. Retrieved November 13, 2016 .