Francis J. Murray

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Francis Joseph Murray (born February 3, 1911 in New York , † March 15, 1996 in Durham , North Carolina ) was an American mathematician .

Francis J. Murray studied and at Columbia University , where he received his doctorate in 1935. He joined the mathematics faculty there and was appointed professor in 1949. Murray served from 1953 to 1957 on the Applied Mathematics Commission of the American Mathematical Society .

In 1957 he moved to Duke University and did research there in numerical analysis . He advised several US Army authorities, for which he was awarded the US Army’s Outstanding Civilian Service Medal in 1967 . From 1974 to 1980 he was the director of the undergraduate program at Duke University. Francis J. Murray died on March 15, 1996 at Duke Hospital.

Murray gained particular fame through his collaboration with John von Neumann , from which the fundamental work on operator rings, which later received the name Von Neumann algebras , emerged:

  • FJ Murray, J. von Neumann: On rings of operators. Ann. of Math. (2), Volume 37, 1936, pages 116-229.
  • FJ Murray, J. von Neumann: On rings of operators II. Trans. Amer. Math. Soc., Volume 41, 1937, pages 208-248.
  • FJ Murray, J. von Neumann: On rings of operators IV. Ann. of Math. (2), Vol. 44, 1943, pages 716-808.

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