|motto||Eruditio et Religio (Latin)|
|place||Durham, North Carolina , United States|
|president||Vincent E. Price|
|Foundation assets||6.1 billion US $ (2008)|
|Networks||Association of American Universities|
The Duke University (in short "Duke") is a private university in the city of Durham in the state of North Carolina in the United States . The university is located in the so-called Research Triangle consisting of the cities of Durham, Chapel Hill and Raleigh with more than 1.3 million inhabitants. The university is named after the Duke family who worked in the tobacco and energy industries ( American Tobacco Company , Duke Energy ). The university's roots go back to 1838, but the university was not founded until 1924, so it is comparatively young, and is still one of the leading universities in the country today. Although Duke (as a university on the east coast) is not a member of the Ivy League , it is still one of the most prestigious American universities. Duke is the southernmost of the top universities on the east coast and is therefore also called "Harvard of the South" in the USA. Duke is associated with the United Methodist Church and is one of the ten to 20 "best" universities in the world, depending on the subject area and the different rankings.
The university is a member of the Association of American Universities , an association of leading research-intensive North American universities that has existed since 1900. Its research expenditures were among the five largest in the United States in 2010.
The university is known for its beautiful campus and neo-Gothic architectural style, especially Duke Chapel . With more than 212 buildings on 38 square kilometers of land, it has one of the largest campuses in the world, which is also called "Gothic Wonderland" by its students. The campus includes the Nasher Museum of Modern Art , Duke Forest, and Sarah P. Duke Gardens, which attract more than 300,000 visitors each year.
The Terry Sanford Institute of Public Policy is an interdisciplinary institute for the study of political and political science as well as public policy at Duke University. It was founded in the early 1970s by US Senator Terry Sanford and has been housed in a new building in neo-Gothic style since 1994. Richard Nixon was a graduate of Duke Law School.
The university 's history began as Brown's Schoolhouse , a private school founded in 1838 in the town of Trinity, Randolph County. Run by Methodists and Quakers , the school was renamed Normal College in 1851 and Trinity College in 1859 . The renaming in 1859 was mainly due to the significant increase in the influence of the Methodist Church in previous years. In 1892 Trinity College was relocated to Durham, largely due to generous donations from Washington Duke and Julian S. Carr , both respected and influential Methodist members. For example, Washington Duke donated about $ 100,000 to Trinity College in 1896 on the condition that women were given access to the educational facility and were given equal rights with men. In 1924, Trinity College was renamed Duke University due to further generous donations from the Duke family. This gave the university the opportunity for rapid growth and rapid expansion of the university infrastructure, so between 1925 and 1927 the original campus of the university (today's East Campus ) was rebuilt and largely provided with new buildings and between 1930 and 1935 the New construction of today's West Campus .
Structure and structure of the university
Duke University is divided into two undergraduate and ten graduate schools or professional schools and seven independent research institutions called institutes. In the area of core study covers the Trinity College of Arts and Sciences is essentially the area of humanities , social , human and natural sciences , while the Edmund T. Pratt Jr. School of Engineering the areas of biomedicine , materials science , environmental engineering , mechanical engineering , Electrical and computer technology as well as computer science. Duke University's graduate study offerings are supported by the Graduate School , Pratt School of Engineering, Nicholas School of the Environment, School of Medicine, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, School of Nursing, Fuqua School of Business , School of Law, Divinity School, and Sanford School of Public Policy. In addition, there are seven research institutes at Duke University, which also provide capacities for teaching - mainly in the field of graduate studies. These are the Duke Institute for Brain Sciences, the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, the Kenan Institute for Ethics, the Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy, the Duke Global Health Institute, the John Hope Franklin Humanities Institute and the Social Science Research Institute.
Cooperations and exchange programs at Duke University
Exchange programs with German universities
The Department of Political Science maintains exchange programs for students with, among others, the Free University of Berlin and the Institute for Political Science of the Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg . The Erlangen exchange program is headed by Clemens Kauffmann and every academic year three Erlangen students have the opportunity to study at Duke for two semesters. At the lecturer level, the exchange program provides for lecturers from Erlangen to stay at Duke on a regular basis and for a Duke professor to stay at Duke on a regular basis in the summer semester. Furthermore, the Duke maintains an exchange program with the Humboldt University of Berlin , which provides for the mutual exchange of two advanced students. While this program for the Duke's “outgoing students” only provides for a research stay of around three months in Berlin, the Berlin students can spend a full academic year in the USA. At the level of PhD students, Duke maintains an exchange program with the University of Potsdam , which allows up to four Duke students to stay for a research stay of up to one year. There is also a university partnership for Master’s students between the University of Potsdam and Duke University.
Exchange programs and collaborations with universities in other countries
The Duke maintains exchange programs with universities in other countries, for example with the University of Foreign Economics and Trade (UIBE) in Beijing and the Yunnan University of Education in Kunming . This partnership, called Duke Study in China , which has existed since 1982, is the oldest university exchange program between a US university and a university in China, where students can acquire creditable work. The Duke also cooperates with the University of Florence , the Institut D'Etudes Politiques de Paris , the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Rome, the New College of the University of Oxford , the University of New South Wales in Sydney and the University College London . With the University of Singapore , the Duke maintains since 2000 as part of the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore to make a cooperation agreement with the aim of Singapore for biomedical center of Southeast Asia. In addition, there are partnerships and collaborations with around 30 other institutions.
Cooperation with US universities
Rankings and Finances
The current “World's best universities ranking” from August 2010 by the news magazine US News & World Report, probably the most important and influential ranking in the field of universities, ranks Duke 14th, which means that the university was able to maintain its position from the previous year.
In the 2013 US News & World Report National University Ranking , Duke is ranked 7th (along with MIT and UPenn ), while the medical, law and business faculties were each in the top 11. In 2013, the Department of Political Science was ranked 10th among American universities in the US News & World Report's overall ranking of political science institutes and even came seventh in the “American Politics” section, surpassing Columbia University , for example . In 2008 the Terry Sanford Institute of Public Policy was ranked sixth in the Graduate School ranking of US universities in the field of “Public Policy Analysis”.
In the US News doctoral ranking from 1998 to 2008, Duke was between third and eighth. In the 2009 US News & World Report, Medical School was # 6 and Law School was # 10. Fuqua School of Business was # 12 on US News & World Report in 2007 and # 9 on BusinessWeek in 2006 . In addition, in the 2008 US News & World Report ranking, Duke was ranked number one in English literature, number five in biology and biomedical engineering.
Tuition fees at Duke are among the highest in the United States. For example, in 2010 they are $ 39,000 for college students and $ 44,000 for law school students. For comparison, the fees at Harvard University : USD 37,000 and 41,500 respectively. According to official figures from Duke University, each student spent an average of USD 40,575 on tuition fees and contributions in the 2010/11 academic year. The average university grant to finance tuition and living expenses during this period averaged USD 35,520 per student. Like many other elite US universities, Duke claims to be "blind to the financial eye" in admitting students; This means that the admission of students in the undergraduate area after the application process takes place regardless of their actual financial possibilities and, if necessary, all costs associated with the studies are borne by the university. This is called a need-blind admission policy .
According to official information, the foundation's assets are currently (March 2011) around 4.8 billion US dollars. Two years earlier, i.e. before the start of the global financial crisis , the foundation's capital was around 6.1 billion US dollars. As a result of the global financial crisis, the foundation's assets thus shrank by over 21%, which means that Duke was hit relatively hard by the global financial crisis as Harvard University and many other elite universities in the USA. Despite this massive loss of assets, it can be assumed that by now (March 2011) the crisis can be regarded as over, as Duke's financial managers succeeded in starting the all-time low of 4.4 billion US dollars in the 2008/09 financial year To stabilize Duke's financial position and to increase the assets significantly again in the following year. In the annual study of the National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO) , which analyzes the assets of US and Canadian universities, Duke achieved below in the January 2011 ranking, which was the subject of the 2009/10 financial year 865 universities in 15th place. The Duke achieved this very place in the surveys of 2010, 2009 and 2008. In 2007 and 2006, the Duke reached 16th place. The foundation of the Duke's fortune was the foundation of US $ 40 million by James Buchanen Duke on December 11, 1924.
College sports have a long history at Duke University. Part of this tradition is also a basketball game that took place on March 12, 1944 and went down in history under the name Secret Game . The Secret Game was the first basketball game in the southern United States that had ever been played between a white and a black team. It was held between a white team from Duke University and the black team from North Carolina Central University (NCCU), then still North Carolina College for Negroes (NCC) . It was not until March 31, 1996 that this game, which "has become symbolic of how resistance to Jim Crow occurred outside the traditional civil rights movement", became known to a broad public. Scott Ellsworth, a historian and Duke graduate, wrote an article about it in the New York Times at the time . In 2015 he wrote the story of this game under the title The Secret Game. A Wartime Story of Courage, Change, and Basketball's Lost Triumph published as a book.
Duke University now has a very successful exercise program. The basketball department in particular is one of the best in the country. The "Blue Devils" won the NCAA championships three times in the 1990s . The college is a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference . Duke has spawned many NBA players over time , including stars like Grant Hill , Christian Laettner , Elton Brand , Carlos Boozer and Luol Deng . Furthermore, the Duke graduates enjoy the reputation of being excellently trained, which is partly due to "Coach K" Mike Krzyzewski , who is also the coach of the US national team and Olympic champion in Beijing 2008 and London 2012. 2010 Krzyewski led Duke to victory in "Final 4", where the Duke Blue Devils prevailed in the final with 61:59 points against Butler University and are thus National College Basketball Champion 2010. Duke's athletic success is very unusual, as elite universities generally play no part in American college sports.
Sporting rivalry with the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
A strong rivalry in basketball, which has existed since 1920, connects the Duke with its "neighboring university", the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill , only about 13 km away . This rivalry arose for several reasons, on the one hand the short distance between the universities played a role, and the different funding structures of the institutions (Duke as a private university , University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill as a state university) contributed to the conflict, as well as the fact that the basketball teams of both universities have mostly been able to assert themselves nationwide over the past 60 years, which gave the opportunity for numerous important and competitive duels. In the list of college basketball teams with the most victories of all time, the NCAA ranks the UNC in 3rd place and Duke in 4th place. Sports Illustrated magazine lists the Battle of Tabbacco Road , the rivalry between Duke and UNC the term "most serious and violent blood feud in the entire US college sport" and also on the television station ESPN the dispute is called "fiercest, most personal rivalry" in college basketball.
Logically, for many supporters of the two basketball teams, the argument goes far beyond the sporting side, as the author Will Blythe described it with the following words:
"To legions of otherwise reasonable adults, it is a conflict that surpasses sports; it is locals against outsiders, elitists against populists, even good against evil. It is thousands of grown men and women with jobs and families screaming themselves hoarse at 18-year-old basketball geniuses, trading conspiracy theories in online chat rooms, and weeping like babies when their teams - when they - lose. "
The conflict between Duke and UNC not only plays a dominant role for the two universities, but is also of great national importance. The match between the two teams in March 2008 reached over 5.6 million viewers on ESPN, making it the most watched college basketball game in the history of the station.
The conflict with the basketball players of the UNC in the student newspapers of the universities
It has long been tradition that the student newspaper of the Duke University, The Chronicle , the day before the first of the two annual meeting with UNC a "special edition" under the title "The Daily Tar Hole" (dt .: "The daily Teerloch "), Which the UNC's student newspaper " The Daily Tar Heel " is supposed to make fun of and whose front page contains numerous deliberate false reports and ducks about the UNC. In return, "The Daily Tar Heel" publishes a column by Ian Williams for each of the two duels under the title "Insider's guide to hating Duke" . This allowed the editors of ESPN online to read the slightly unnerved article headline “Even their Newspapers hate each other” . The relationship between the student newspapers is not as tense as between the sports teams, however, so it has long been the practice that the newspaper of the losing university on the day after the defeat designed its front page in the color of the victorious university, the logo of the opposing team on a conspicuous one and prominent position of the edition and praised the victorious university as "still the best" .
A similar - although older, but now slightly "cooled" in its intensity - rivalry connects Duke and the UNC in the field of college football. Even if this rivalry no longer has to be classified as fierce as that in basketball, it was still described in 2008 by the Duke Office of News & Communications as the "120 Years War" between the two universities.
Sporting rivalry with the University of Maryland
Another fierce rivalry links the Duke basketball players with the University of Maryland . In view of the fact that for the members of the Duke the rivalry relationship with the UNC is much more important than that with the University of Maryland - not least because the Duke won 109 of the 170 clashes with Maryland between February 1925 and February 2011 and only lost 61 thus the dispute always clearly dominated - for the members of the University of Maryland this relationship is probably to be classified as much more important than for the members of the Duke. But the duel with Maryland is also quite explosive for the Duke, for example, the sports columnist Michael Wilbon of the Washington Post spoke in March 2010 of "one of the best (rivalries) in college" in relation to the duel between Duke and Maryland that was then pending Basketball " .
The Duke University lacrosse team scandal in 2006
In March 2006, Crystal Gail Mangum, a North Carolina Central University African American student who worked as a stripper , dancer, and escort girl , falsely accused three members of the Duke University lacrosse team of jointly raping her during a student party on March 13, 2006 to have. Due to the constellation of the case, an African American woman was allegedly raped by three white students, many people who were involved in the case or reported on it very soon spoke of a racist crime or a hate crime . However, very soon - mainly due to massive inconsistencies in the statement of the complainant - doubts arose about the events described, which initially did not lead the investigating prosecutor Mike Nifong to order more detailed research regarding the credibility of Mangum's statement. Nifong, who - in order to be able to prove the alleged crime in any case to the Duke students - was guilty in the course of the investigation of various crimes, the case was finally withdrawn and on April 11, 2007 the attorney general of North Carolina declared that the three accused students had fallen victim to a "tragic rush to accuse" and found them to be "clearly innocent". Nifong was later found guilty of criminal conduct during the investigation, as a result of which he served a one-day prison term and lost his legal license. The city of Durham itself came under heavy criticism, as members of the Durham Police Department had allowed Nifong to act as the de facto head of the investigation, contrary to all regulations, and thus to exert massive influence on it. According to the criticism, the police officers were also not offended by the fact that when they were interrogated to identify the perpetrators, only their photos - and no other photos - were presented to Mangum, which means that their identification can hardly be classified as reliable. Crystal Gail Mangum, who was never held responsible for her false testimony, was charged with attempted murder of her boyfriend and arson in early 2010 and sentenced to 15-18 years in prison. In the wake of the scandal surrounding the lacrosse players, it also became clear that this was not the first occasion on which Mangum had falsely made allegations of rape.
Duke as the "nucleus" of Usenet
At Duke University and the UNC in Chapel Hill, the Usenet was born in 1979 through the connection of two Unix computers , which was to serve as a free alternative to the Arpanet , the forerunner of today's Internet. The data exchange between the two computers took place via conventional telephone lines with the Unix UUCP protocol . More computers were integrated into the network relatively soon, but because of the UUCP protocol used, the network was limited to UNIX computers. UUCP offered the possibility of exchanging personal messages (e-mail) on the one hand, and participating in public forums on the other. More than 30 years after the start of the service, the Duke switched off its Unix server on May 20, 2010, justifying this with the increasingly less importance of the Usenet in view of "heirs" such as web feeds , Facebook and Twitter as well as with the constant rising cost of the project.
Sights on campus
- Duke Chapel , architect Julian F. Abele
- The west campus built in the Gothic style and the east campus built in the Georgian style .
- Nasher Museum of Modern Art , architect Rafael Viñoly
- Sarah P. Duke Gardens
- Cameron Indoor Stadium , Dukes Basketball Stadium
- Wallace Wade Stadium
- Jean-Pierre Bekolo , film director
- Fred Dretske , philosopher
- Owen Flanagan , philosopher and neuroscientist
- Michael A. Gillespie , political scientist and philosopher, director of the "Gerst Program for Political, Economic and Humanistic Studies"
- Jack Halberstam , also known as Judith Halberstam , English studies
- Stanley Hauerwas , theologian and ethicist
- Richard B. Hays , New Testament scholar
- Robert J. Lefkowitz , biochemist, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 2012
- Nan Lin , sociologist
- William McDougall , psychologist
- Michael Munger , political scientist and economist
- Miguel Nicolelis , neuroscientist
- Reynolds Price , English Studies, Creative Writing
- Joseph Banks Rhine , parapsychologist
- Kathy Rudy , women researcher and ethicist
- William Stern , founder of differential psychology, co-founder of the University of Hamburg , the German Society for Psychology and the journal for applied psychology .
- Karl Zener , psychologist
- Grayson Allen (born 1995), basketball player
- Peter Agre (* 1949), 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Vice Chancellor of the Duke Medical School
- RJ Barrett (* 2000), Canadian basketball player
- Shane Battier (born 1978), basketball player
- Alana Beard (* 1982), basketball player
- Elton Brand (* 1979), basketball player
- Tim Bollerslev (* 1958), economist
- Carlos Boozer (* 1981), basketball player
- Ryan Carnes (born 1982), actor
- Edmund M. Clarke (* 1945), computer scientist and Turing Prize winner
- John Cocke (1925–2002), computer scientist and Turing Prize winner
- Tim Cook (* 1960), CEO of Apple
- Eddy Cue (* 1964), Senior Vice President at Apple
- Hans Georg Dehmelt (Post-Doc. 1952–1955) (1922–2017), 1989 Nobel Prize in Physics
- Elizabeth Dole (born 1936), politician
- Chris Duhon (* 1982), basketball player
- Ayda Field (* 1979), actress, wife of Robbie Williams (* 1974)
- Melinda Gates (* 1964), wife of Bill Gates (* 1955)
- Annabeth Gish (born 1971), actress
- Gregor Hagedorn (* 1965), botanist
- Michael Hardt (* 1960), literary theorist
- Grant Hill (born 1972), basketball player
- Kyrie Irving (born 1992), basketball player
- Frances Itani (* 1942), Canadian writer
- Trachette Jackson (* 1972), mathematician and university professor
- Fredric Jameson (* 1934), literary critic and theorist
- Ken Jeong (* 1969), actor, comedian and doctor
- Sonny Jurgensen (born 1934), American football player
- William G. Kaelin (* 1957), oncologist, 2019 Nobel Prize in Medicine
- Juanita M. Kreps (MA 1944; Ph.D 1948) (1921–2010), US Secretary of Commerce, first vice president of Duke University
- Ricardo Lagos (* 1938), President of Chile (2000–2006)
- Fritz London (1900–1954), physicist
- Daniel Mallory (* 1979), novelist
- George McAfee (1918-2009), American football player
- Roswell McClelland (1914–1995), refugee worker and diplomat
- Sally Meyerhoff (1983-2011), long-distance runner
- Shelley Moore Capito (* 1953), politician
- Richard Nixon (1913–1994), US President (1969–1974)
- Rand Paul (MD 1988) (born 1963), politician
- Ron Paul (* 1935), politician
- Ace Parker (1912-2013), American football player
- JJ Redick (born 1984), basketball player
- Robert Coleman Richardson (Ph.D 1966) (1937–2013), 1996 Nobel Prize in Physics
- Manuel Sager (LLM 1985) (* 1955), diplomat
- Kenneth Starr (* 1946), lawyer
- Ed Parish Sanders (born 1937), theologian
- Eric K. Shinseki (* 1942), general and politician
- Adam Silver (* 1962), NBA commissioner
- Windland Smith Rice (1970–2005), photographer and actress
- William Styron (1925-2006), writer, 1968 Pulitzer Prize winner
- Jayson Tatum (born 1998), basketball player
- Charles Hard Townes (MA 1937) (1915–2015), 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics
- Anne Tyler (* 1941), writer, 1989 Pulitzer Prize winner
- Zion Williamson (* 2000), basketball player
- Karen Yasinsky (* 1965), artist and lecturer (focus: animation / video, graphics)
- Thomas Reardon (* 1969), Computational Neuroscientologist
- Duke University is affiliated with the Biomedical Informatics Research Network (BIRN).
- Duke giving web site ( Memento from December 20, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- Yong Tang: “No one can buy their way into Duke” . People's Daily Online , Jan. 11, 2007.
- Archive link ( Memento from May 15, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- Archive link ( Memento from July 14, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Archive link ( Memento from March 4, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- Archive link ( Memento from October 26, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Archive link ( Memento from March 4, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- National University Ranking 2013 , In: US News & World Report, 2013
- America's Best Graduate, Law, and Medical Schools, In: US News & World Report, 2013
- Best Public Policy Analysis Schools , in: US News & World Report, 2013
- Top 400 World Universities In: Times Higher Education World University Ranking, 2013
- Archive link ( Memento from March 4, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- Christian Füller: University crash due to financial crisis: Harvard loses gigantic assets. In: Spiegel Online . December 16, 2008, accessed June 9, 2018 .
- Archive link ( Memento from July 1, 2012 on WebCite )
- Archive link ( Memento from December 14, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
- Archive link ( Memento from December 29, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- Archived copy ( Memento of February 16, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- Archive link ( Memento from December 13, 2011)
- Archive link ( Memento from February 18, 2006)
- Short biography Scott Ellsworth ( Memento from January 12, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- Thr Secret Basketball Game of 1944 . Link to the original article: JIM CROW LOSES; The Secret Game
- Archive link ( Memento from June 20, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- Archive link ( Memento from May 17, 2009 on WebCite )
- http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/n/a/2007/04/11/national/a113721D83.DTL ( Memento from May 26, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- Archive link ( Memento from November 17, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- https://www.heise.de/netze/meldung/Usenet-Keimzelle- 1004201.html