North Carolina Central University
North Carolina Central University (NCCU) is one of the historic African-American Universities ( Historically black colleges and universities - HBCUs that during) segregation , have been set up to African-American students and students from other ethnic groups to higher education to enable. It is located in the city of Durham in the state of North Carolina in the United States of America . NCCU is the second largest HBCU in North Carolina after North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University and a member of the Thurgood Marshall Scholarship Fund .
Founded in 1909, NCCU was established as the National Religious Training School at Chautauqua in 1910 under the direction of James E. Shepard, a graduate of Shaw University and co-founder of the North Carolina Mutual Bank . After financial difficulties, the school was reorganized as the National Training School in 1915 and renamed Durham State Normal School after it was sold to the state .
In 1925 the school mandate was redefined by the state and restructured into a four-year college , the North Carolina College for Negroes (NCC). This made the NCC the first state-supported Afro-American college to offer the liberal arts education for blacks that was widespread in America . After expanding the offer, the NCC was accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools in 1937 .
Like many American “Colleges for Negroes”, the NCC also became a refuge for academics who fled Europe from Nazi rule and found a new home in the USA. One of them was Ernst Moritz Manasse , who started his service at the NCC on September 26, 1939 as the first white teacher. Manasse's wife, Marianne Manasse , also worked as a German teacher at the NCC.
Law was established as the first university degree in 1940 , followed by library studies in 1941 . Another name change to North Carolina College at Durham followed in 1947, in the same year James Shepard died after having headed the college for almost 40 years. The school was given its current name North Carolina Central University in 1967, the name component "Central" was chosen in order to obtain the naturalized abbreviation "NCC". In 1972 the school became part of the 16-member University of North Carolina System.
On March 12, 1944, the Secret Game , the first basketball game in the southern United States, took place on the premises of the NCC . It was played between the white team from Duke University and the black team from the NCC, the Eagles . It was not until March 31, 1996 that this game, which "has become symbolic of how resistance to Jim Crow occurred outside the traditional civil rights movement", became known to a broad public. Scott Ellsworth, a historian and Duke graduate, wrote an article about it in the New York Times at the time . In 2015 he wrote the story of this game under the title The Secret Game. A Wartime Story of Courage, Change, and Basketball's Lost Triumph published as a book.
The NCCU's sports teams are still called Eagles and have been members of the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference since 2010 .
- Herman Boone - football coach, portrayed in the movie Remember the Titans
- Larry Black - athlete, Olympic gold medalist
- Mike Easley - North Carolina Governor
- Clarence Lightner - First African American Mayor of Raleigh and a major city in the southern United States
- 9th Wonder - music producer , hip-hop
- Little Brother - hip hop and rap musician
- Ivan Dixon - actor
- Kim Coles - comedian and actress
- Tex Harrison - basketball player for the Harlem Globetrotters
- Jonathan Moore - basketball player
- Gabrielle Simon Edgcomb: From Swastika to Jim Crow. Refugee Scholars at Black Colleges . Krieger Publishing Company, Malarbar (Florida), 1993, ISBN 0-89464-775-X . The book contains interviews with Ernst Moritz Manasse and his younger son Gabriel Manasse, a psychiatrist. Helpful in understanding the title: Swastika and Jim Crow .
- Scott Ellsworth: The Secret Game. A Wartime Story of Courage, Change, and Basketball's Lost Triumph , Little, Brown and Company, 2015, ISBN 9780316244619
- Official website of the NCCU
- The Campus Echo - newspaper of the student body
- Ernst Moritz Manasse: A Black College Welcomes a Refugee by Christoph E. Schweitzer . The article about Ernst Moritz Manasse is part of the study "They fled Hitler's Germany and found refuge in North Carolina", which was published in spring 1996 by Henry A. Landsberger and Christoph E. Schweitzer for the Academic Affairs Library Center for the Study of the American South Faculty Working Group in Southern Studies at the University of North Carolina. The article about Ernst Moritz Manasse is on pages 41 to 49. The text can also be viewed in the book layout at the web address Ernst Moritz Manasse by Christoph E. Schweitzer and contains several photographs by Ernst Moritz Manasse.
- White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities ( Memento of the original from May 13, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Gabrielle Simon Edgcomb: From Swastika to Jim Crow. Refugee Scholars at Black Colleges
- Ernst Moritz Manasse: A Black College Welcomes a Refugee by Christoph E. Schweitzer
- Short biography Scott Ellsworth ( Memento of the original from January 12, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Thr Secret Basketball Game of 1944 . Link to the original article: JIM CROW LOSES; The Secret Game
- Edgcomb's study is based on the interviews as part of the Refugee Scholars at Black Colleges oral history collection project . The 31 interviews are in the holdings of the "United States Holocaust Memorial Museum" . In 1999 an almost one-hour video documentation was created under the same title and with direct reference to the materials on which the book is based: From Swastika to Jim Crow . Under the title Exiled Jews found black bridge there is an informative article about this film in "The Seattle Times" on February 10, 2001. A student of Ernst Moritz Manasse also has a say here, who once again shows his commitment to his black students turns out.