Library science in the broader sense is the systematically ordered epitome of all scientific and technical experience in the field of libraries .
In the German-speaking area, a distinction was made between library teaching (library economics, library technology, also librarianship in the narrower sense), which deals with the establishment and management of a library, and librarianship (librarianship), which deals with the history and description of the individual libraries, older and newer Busy time.
In connection with the development of a so-called knowledge society , the focus of library science is increasingly shifting to “virtual space” (keyword: digital library ). The subject of the subject is no longer just the library as a physical location and its holdings, as was primarily the case in the context of library teaching and knowledge, but general information-logistic processes (collection, indexing, making available) of published information. In German university policy, library science is classified as a minor subject .
Well-known library scholars
- Friedrich Adolf Ebert (1791–1834)
- Martin Schrettinger (1772–1851), monastery librarian, later royal Bavarian court librarian in Munich
- Melvil Dewey (1851-1931): 1876 Dewey Decimal Classification
- Fritz Milkau (1859–1934), editor of a three-volume manual on library science
- Lyubov Chawkina (1871–1949)
- Walter Hofmann (1879–1952), Free Public Library Dresden-Plauen and Leipzig City Library
- SR Ranganathan (1892–1972), 1933 Colon Classification
- Hans Widmann (1908–1975), Tübingen
- Walter Pongratz (1912–1990), University Library Vienna
- Walther Umstätter (1941–2019), Humboldt University in Berlin
Research and training
The task of the subject is the recording and analysis of developments in the field of information distribution and, on this basis, the development of methods and theories for information supply (mainly in science). An increasing role is played by statistical methods of bibliometrics and scientometrics (and z. T. of webometrics ).
Furthermore, in the context of the so-called information flood or information overload due to an omnipresence of large amounts of data, especially in electronic networks, aspects of assessing and securing information quality within the subject are gaining in importance.
Due to its research subject, library science has a high interdisciplinary potential.
While library science is a recognized university discipline as library and information science, for example in the USA, it has not been able to establish itself properly in Germany. In addition to training and further education at universities of applied sciences (at the Technical University of Cologne , the University of Applied Sciences Potsdam and the HTWK Leipzig ), where the focus is on practice, the subject is only available at the Institute for Library and Information Science at the Humboldt University zu Berlin and the Faculty of Information and Communication at the Stuttgart Media University . Theoretical training of many library trainees is also provided by the Bavarian Library Academy in Munich.
In Switzerland, the University of Zurich, together with the Zurich Central Library, offers a Master of Advanced Studies (postgraduate degree) in library and information sciences. There is also a master’s degree at the Humboldt University in Berlin. For the master’s degree, students enrolled for the first time at the Institute for Library and Information Science at the Humboldt University in Berlin in the winter semester 2008/09.
- Information science
- Science portal b2i
- Autoptic bibliography
- Bobcatsss , international congress with topics from library and information science
- Werner Krieg (Ed.): Library Science. Attempt to define the term in presentations and discussions at the Cologne Colloquium (October 27-29, 1969). Greven, Cologne 1970.
- Petra Hauke (Ed.): Library Science - quo vadis? = Library Science - quo vadis? A discipline between traditions and visions . Saur, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-598-11734-5 .
- Rainer Strzolka: Repertory of library science. Koechert, Hanover 1996
- LIBREAS - Library Ideas - OA magazine at the Institute for Library and Information Science at HU Berlin, which deals with a wide range of topics relevant to library science.
Reference books and manuals
- Miriam Drake (Ed.): Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science . Dekker, New York 2003, ISBN 0-8247-2075-X .
- Martin Schrettinger : Handbook of library science . Weidmann, Hildesheim 2003, ISBN 3-615-00277-6 , (reprint of the 1834 edition)
- Konrad Umlauf (Ed.), Petra Hauke (Red.): Handbook Methods of Library and Information Science. Library, user research, information analysis . de Gruyter Saur, Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-3-11-025553-9 .
Textbooks for librarians
- Klaus Gantert: Basic librarianship . 9th, completely revised and expanded edition. de Gruyter, Saur, Berlin 2016, ISBN 978-3-11-032150-0 .
- Rolf Griebel, Hildegard Schäffler, Konstanze Söllner, (Eds.): Praxishandbuch library management . tape 1 . de Gruyter, Saur, Berlin 2016, ISBN 978-3-11-030326-1 .
- Walther Umstätter : Textbook of library management. Hiersemann, Stuttgart 2011, ISBN 978-3-7772-1100-8 . (It is a revised new edition by Gisela Ewert, Walther Umstätter: Textbook of the Library Management, Hiersemann, Stuttgart 1997, ISBN 978-3-7772-9730-9 .)
- Science portal b2i for library, book and information sciences , portal with literature information
- Database of German Libraries , database with literature information
- Literature on library science in the catalog of the German National Library
Essays, guides and instructions
- Burkhardt, M: Instructions for using the library . eLibrary Austria (elib.at).
- Library science as part of science studies
- Open access archive for library information science
- On the history of library science education in Berlin
Institutes, training courses and facilities
- Institute for Library and Information Science at Humboldt University
- Cologne University of Applied Sciences , Institute for Information Science
- Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Design, Media and Information, Department of Information
- Stuttgart Media University
- Bavarian Library Academy
- HföD in Bayern - Department of Archives and Libraries | aubib.de - platform of the archive and library department
- University of Technology, Economics and Culture Leipzig, Faculty of Media, degree course in library and information science
- Master of Advanced Studies in Library and Information Science from the University of Zurich
- Archives and archival science - link collection (Austrian State Archives)
- Archive course (Institute for Austrian Historical Research)
- see specialist locations for library science at the Small Subjects Unit, accessed March 9, 2017
- See the review by Heidrun Wiesenmüller in Information resources for libraries ( online ; PDF; 82 kB).