Dresden City Libraries
|Dresden City Libraries|
Mobile loan from the Dresden mobile library, 1970
The Dresden City Libraries are the city library of the Saxon state capital. They consist of the central library and 19 branches in various Dresden districts and are among the most widely used libraries in Germany. In addition, they operate the oldest still existing German mobile library , a mobile social library work and support five small, voluntary libraries in incorporated localities.
The Dresden City Libraries hold about 761,000 items.
There were around 5.4 million loans in 2019. In 2014 there were 5.5 million loans of books and other media (of which 300,000 were virtual loans in eBibo).
There are 80,510 active users registered. This makes the libraries one of the most intensively used libraries in Germany and, alongside the Saxon State Library - Dresden State and University Library, the second major library in the city. Each active user lends an average of 67 items per year in the municipal libraries. Each medium is borrowed an average of 6.7 times a year.
With around 1.7 million visitors annually, the municipal libraries are the most visited cultural and educational institutions in Dresden and, in these statistics, are far ahead of the individual institutions of the state art collections .
The libraries have 160 locations.
The inventory renewal rate in 2019 was 9.6 percent.
The German Library Association honored the municipal libraries of Dresden in 2004 as Library of the Year from. In the surveys of the library index, they always achieved one of the top five places among the libraries of major German cities . This is also due to the events, including several author readings , that take place in the rooms of the municipal libraries.
Prof. Dr. Arend Flemming has been director of the Dresden City Libraries since October 1990.
The Dresden City Libraries are divided into 20 permanent locations. As the main location, the central library has been located on two floors in the Kulturpalast in the city center since April 2017 .
In addition, 19 district libraries belong to the municipal library, of which four or five each are combined to form one of the four groups, the extent of which originally goes back to the catchment area of the four former city district libraries. The “Verbund Nord” consists of branch libraries in Pieschen , Äußere Neustadt , Klotzsche , Weixdorf and Langebrück . The libraries in Laubegast , Gruna , Blasewitz , Bühlau and Weißig together form the "Verbund Ost". The "Verbund Süd" includes branch libraries in the Südvorstadt , in Strehlen , in Prohlis and in Reick . The libraries in Cotta , Gorbitz , Plauen and Cossebaude are combined in the “Verbund West” . The Johannstadt district library opened as a new location in February 2010 .
With a mobile library with 14,000 media, the Dresden City Libraries also reach users in other parts of the city. Two vehicles were in use until 2013. The new semi-trailer purchased in 2016 cost around 250,000 euros. The 14 stops are served once a week for one to three hours each. They are located in Zschertnitz, Räcknitz, Coschütz, Loschwitz , Pillnitz , Gittersee , Lockwitz , Leuben and on the Globalfoundries site in Wilschdorf . The mobile library's depot has been located in Pieschen since 2001 and has a stock of almost 30,000 items.
Through its social library work, the municipal libraries also look after small libraries in institutions for the elderly and the disabled, special needs schools and in some of the districts that were incorporated into Dresden in 1999 ( Ockerwitz , Pappritz , Rockau , Schönborn and Schullwitz ).
On September 3, 1875, the first Dresden public library opened in Friedrichstadt . The first city library was founded in 1879. At that time, it took over the holdings of the Dresden council library and the library of the Dreikönigskirche . In addition, the first extensions in the 1880s included the libraries of the “Economic Society in the Kingdom of Saxony ” and the “Society for the History of Dresden ”. The then city library became the forerunner of today's city archive .
In 1902, Karl August Lingner founded the Dresden Reading Hall in the immediate vicinity of today's youth library on Waisenhausstrasse as part of the library movement . In addition, several public libraries were created during this time , which were supported by non-profit associations. In 1910 they were merged under the name of the Municipal Central Library , which had three branches and six issuing offices. It was merged with Lingner's reading hall to form the municipal library and reading hall . It had seven branches and 14 issuing offices and was managed jointly with the Dresden City Museum and the Ratsarchiv until 1919 .
In 1921 the "Free Public Library Dresden- Plauen ", which was founded by Ida Bienert in 1906 as the first public library in Saxony, became part of the municipal library and reading hall, which in 1923 moved to its headquarters in the then newly built Dresden City Hall . Two years later, under director Alfred Löckle, one of the first German music libraries was founded as part of the municipal library and reading hall. In 1929, the oldest still existing mobile library in Germany went into operation, whose operation was only interrupted for a few years due to the war. In its northwest branch in Pieschen , the municipal library and reading hall set up the first Dresden children's reading room in 1935. Shortly before the end of the Second World War in 1945, the Anglo-American air raids on Dresden resulted in heavy losses for the municipal library and reading room. Three quarters of its holdings were burned when the town hall was destroyed, only the music library magazine remained intact . The reading room was completely lost.
In December 1945, lending operations were resumed under the name Städtische Bücherei . A large part of the scientific inventory , around 18,000 volumes, went to the Saxon State Library in 1951 . Until 1953, the management of the municipal library was located in the Neustadt branch, only then was the town house ready for occupancy again and since then has also housed a public reading room . There were also three other branches. The mobile library served a historical maximum of 23 stops at this time. As a result of the founding of the Dresden district , the library was given the status of a district library in 1954 and thus the new name Dresden City and District Library . It was subordinate to the council of the district and by 1969 developed into the largest open access library in the GDR . It was divided into four borough and 15 branch libraries. In 1979 the youth library was set up on Hauptstrasse .
In the course of the abolition of the districts and the re-establishment of the Free State of Saxony , the name was changed to Dresden City Libraries in 1990 . In 1991 they set up a library service for the elderly or disabled. Since the holdings grew steadily and the town house was only partially suitable as a library building , the main and music library moved to the World Trade Center Dresden in the Wilsdruffer Vorstadt district in 1997 . It included, among other things, the city's music library with over 50,000 notes and around 23,000 CDs . This location also housed the headquarters of the social library work, whose offers are aimed at those users who are unable to visit the library due to disabilities, illnesses or their age.
In May 2000, the youth library moved from Hauptstrasse in Innere Neustadt to Prager Strasse in Seevorstadt . Together with the Bertelsmann Foundation , the municipal libraries developed a modern concept for the youth library under the name “medien @ age” .
The mobile library was modernized in 1969, 2000 and 2016.
The public school libraries operated by the municipal libraries could also be used by people who did not belong to the respective school. Such library branches existed until 2003 in the Fritz-Löffler-Gymnasium Dresden in the Südvorstadt and in the Gymnasium Großzschachwitz and until 2010 in the Bertolt-Brecht-Gymnasium Dresden . In addition to the two school libraries, the district libraries in Zschertnitz and Seidnitz were also closed in 2003 . This was done to consolidate the city budget. The administrative library of the city of Dresden was transferred to the municipal libraries in 2005. In autumn 2014, the Neustadt branch moved from a listed villa-like residential building at Bautzner Strasse 21 to a much larger new building at Königsbrücker Strasse 26.
On March 20, 2017, the main and music library as well as the "medien @ age" were closed. In the renovated and converted Kulturpalast , the new central library was opened on April 29, 2017 on two floors with 310,000 media on 5000 square meters of public space. The refurbishment cost 1.6 million euros. The library is divided into six sections. The opening times have been extended: Monday to Saturday 10 a.m. to 7 p.m. with self-booking. In addition, 500 reading / work places, a reading room, an event room and a lounge area were created. The online orientation and guidance system Mapongo guides the user to the shelf location and the medium to be borrowed. In February 2018, the 500,000. Receiving visitors since reopening.
The switch to an RFID lending system was almost completed in 2016. Self-booking and the installation of an automated media transport and sorting system in the central library took place with the move in 2017.
In November 2019, the Südvorstadt library was opened at a new location.
An "Open Library" project is investigating whether the district libraries could be open longer.
2014 was the most popular book Loan kruso of Lutz Seiler .
In 2015 the most popular book Verheißung by Jussi Adler-Olson and the most popular film Honey in the Head by Til Schweiger .
In 2016, the most popular book was Unterleuten by Juli Zeh and the most popular children's book was Harry Potter and the Cursed Child by JK Rowling .
In 2019, the most popular book in fiction was "The Moon Sister" by Lucinda Riley.
- Internet presence of the Dresden City Libraries
- History of the Dresden reading hall in the Lingner archive
- Arend Flemming, Detlef Tempel: History of the mobile library on bit-online.de
- eBibo , the virtual branch of the Dresden City Libraries
- City Libraries Dresden (Ed.): City gates to the media world. History of the Dresden Citizens' Libraries . Verlag DZA, Altenburg 2006, ISBN 978-3-936300-27-7 .
- Libraries in Saxony in the handbook of historical book holdings , switched off on February 19, 2015
- Dresden City and District Library 1954–1991 on archiv.sachsen.de
- Verena Hütter: Together among books - the Dresden City Libraries ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), Internet presence of the Goethe Institute
- Dresden Music Library at the German Music Information Center
- Library index , discontinued in 2015
- ^ Dresdner Morgenpost , February 6, 2015.
- ↑ Dresden Latest News , 18./19. March 2017.
- ↑ Nora Domschke: Record number of visitors to Dresden's libraries . In: Saxon newspaper . January 31, 2014.
- ^ Sächsische Zeitung of March 28, 2017
- ↑ On the person of Arend Flemming, director of Dresden City Libraries at denkfabrik.cdu-sachsen.de, accessed on March 28, 2017.
- ↑ Johannstadt Library. In: bibo-dresden.de. Archived from the original on March 4, 2014 ; Retrieved March 3, 2014 .
- ↑ Fahrbibliothek (Mobile Library) , on bibo-dresden.de, accessed on March 29, 2017
- ↑ The mobile library starts the year with a new semi-trailer , at bibo-dresden.de, accessed on March 29, 2017
- ^ Annual report of the Dresden City Libraries. (PDF) In: bibo-dresden.de. Dresden City Libraries, 2003, p. 3 , archived from the original on April 2, 2015 ; accessed on March 28, 2017 .
- ↑ Chronicle. Dresden City Libraries, archived from the original on December 14, 2013 ; Retrieved December 8, 2013 .
- ^ Sächsische Zeitung, February 6, 2015; 5th / 6th March 2016; March 28, 2017; April 28, 2017; 2nd May 2017
- ↑ Annual report 2016 , at bibo-dresden.de, accessed on March 29, 2017
- ↑ Sarah Grundmann: Book Palace with a view of the old town. In: Saxon newspaper. April 9, 2016, accessed April 10, 2016 .