Arnsbach (Borken)

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City of Borken
Coordinates: 51 ° 3 ′ 15 ″  N , 9 ° 14 ′ 46 ″  E
Height : 199 m above sea level NHN
Area : 6.85 km²
Residents : 481  (Jan 2020)
Population density : 70 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : 1st January 1974
Postal code : 34582
Area code : 05682

Arnsbach is a village in the Schwalm-Eder district in northern Hesse and has been a district of Borken since 1974 . It is first mentioned in a document in 1245 as Arnesbach . The Arnsbach district lies in the west of the Borkener Basin and has a size of approx. 688 hectares . About 450 people live in Arnsbach.

Northwest of Arnsbach is the Stockelache natural bathing lake , which arose after the recultivation of the first open-cast lignite mine (Altenburg I) in the Borken area. To the southeast, on the summit of the Altenburg mountain and partly on the Arnsbach district, are the remains of the Iron Age ring wall system Altenburg (also called "Altenburg bei Römersberg").


The village church
An old village well

Excavations carried out in 1936/37 under the direction of Edward Sangmeister from the Institute for Prehistory and Early History at the University of Marburg established that the Arnsbach area was already settled in the Neolithic period . The close proximity of water and the loess cover of the soil were important for the settlement . The large parallel buildings and ceramics found in Arnsbach are among the most significant testimonies of ceramic settlement types in terms of research history and for a long time, with the Lindenthal settlement uncovered in Cologne , were considered exemplary of this culture (5600/5500 BC).

The first documentary mention of Arnsbach in 1245 was in connection with possession of the Teutonic Order . The village was owned by the Counts of Ziegenhain , who gave it as a fief to the Lords of Falkenberg. In 1423 Hans von Falkenberg declared that Arnsbach was Falkenberg's legacy. After the death of Hans von Falkenberg in 1426, his property in Arnsbach fell back to the Counts of Ziegenhain. After their extinction in 1450, their entire county fell to the Landgraviate of Hesse .

Arnsbach has belonged to the Hessian court of Borken since 1570 at the latest. The court was assigned to the Borken office, which administered landgrave estates and courts.

In 1585 the village had 37 households. In the Thirty Years' War , it suffered like all locations in the area, severe devastation. In 1639 there were only ten married couples and five widows; ten cows, two bulls and a horse were counted, pigs and sheep were gone. In 1747 the place had 40 households again, and in 1835 there were 392 inhabitants in 52 houses.

The nave of the Protestant Church in Arnsbach was added to a rectangular choir from 1606 in 1883 and renovated in 1905. A church must have existed before the Reformation, because a "plebanus" (people priest ) is documented in the 13th century .

In 1897 lignite was found when a well was being built in Arnsbach . In order to develop the presumed larger deposit, the " Arnsbach Union " was founded, under whose leadership from 1900 to 1909 lignite was mined in a civil engineering company in the area of ​​what would later be the Gombeth opencast mine. The union was taken over by the Deutsche Kaliwerke in 1919 and by the Prussian state in 1921 . Subsequently, Prussia founded the union Großkraftwerk Main-Weser AG , which acquired the lignite fields around Borken and began building the Borken power station in 1922 .

On January 1, 1974, until then independent municipality Arnsbach was in the course of administrative reform in Hesse powerful state law in the city of Borken incorporated .


  • Georg Landau : Description of the Electorate of Hesse , Fischer, Kassel 1842, online
  • Werner Ide: From Adorf to Zwesten. Local history paperback for the Fritzlar-Homberg district , Bernecker, Melsungen 1972
  • Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseum Mainz (Ed.): Kassel - Hofgeismar - Fritzlar - Melsungen - Ziegenhain , Part I: Introductory essays, guides to prehistoric and early historical monuments, Volume 50, von Zabern, Mainz 1982, ISBN 3-8053-0573-7
  • Magistrate of the city of Borken (Ed.): 675 years of the city of Borken. Contributions to urban development , Riemann, Melsungen 1992
  • Literature about Arnsbach in the Hessian Bibliography

Web links

  • City districts on the website of the city of Borken (Hessen).
  • Arnsbach. Local history, information. In: Private website;

Individual evidence

  1. Arnsbach, Schwalm-Eder district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of September 9, 2014). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  2. City information - population figures. In: website. City of Borken (Hessen), archived from the original on July 23, 2018 ; accessed in July 2018 .
  3. Irene Kappel: Kassel - Hofgeismar - Fritzlar - Melsungen - Ziegenhain . The ceramic band culture of the early Neolithic. In: Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseum Mainz (Hrsg.): Guide to prehistoric and early historical monuments . tape 50 . Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz 1982, ISBN 3-8053-0573-7 , p. 44-51 .
  4. HNA Regiowiki: Arnsbach and his stone age village
  5. Wyss Document Book of the German Order I No. 78
  6. ^ Georg Landau: Justice Office Borken . In: Description of the Electorate of Hesse . Theodor Fischer, Kassel 1842, p. 256 ( PDF ).
  7. Werner Ide: From Adorf to Zwesten, p. 16.
  8. a b Bernd Heßler: From small agricultural town to mining and power station town . In: Magistrat der Stadt Borken (Ed.): 675 years of the city of Borken . Riemann, Melsungen 1992, p. 8-9 .
  9. Law on the reorganization of the districts Fritzlar-Homberg, Melsungen and Ziegenhain (GVBl. II 330-22) of September 28, 1973 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1973 No. 25 , p. 356 , § 11 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2,3 MB ]).
  10. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 393 .