Fredmund Malik

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Fredmund Malik

Fredmund Malik (born September 1, 1944 in Lustenau , Vorarlberg ) is an Austrian economist with a research focus on management theory and the owner and head of a management consulting company in St. Gallen .

Malik uses, among other things, systems- theoretical and cybernetic approaches to analyze and design management systems. He previously taught at the University of St. Gallen , where he is adjunct professor for business administration with a special focus on corporate management.


Malik studied economics and social sciences from 1968 in Innsbruck and from 1970 in St. Gallen . He completed his studies in St. Gallen with a doctorate, and in 1978 he received his habilitation in business administration and the award of the Venia Legendi . Since 1977 he has headed the Management Center St. Gallen (today Malik Management Center St. Gallen AG ). From 1978 to 1986 he was a private lecturer in business administration with a focus on corporate management at the University of St. Gallen. From 1979 to 1984 he was also a member of the management of the Institute for Business Administration at the University of St. Gallen. He worked for years with his doctoral supervisor Hans Ulrich , the founder of the St. Gallen management model . From 1981 to 1982 he was visiting professor at the University of Innsbruck. In 1986 he was appointed adjunct professor in St. Gallen. From 1992 to 1997 he was visiting professor at the Vienna University of Economics and Business. He is a member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts and has been the recipient of the Austrian Cross of Honor for Science and Art since 2009 .

In January 2010 he was awarded the Heinz von Foerster Prize for Organizational Cybernetics at the University of Hagen . On September 30, 2016, Prof. Malik was presented with the People's Republic of China Friendship Award by China's Prime Minister Li Keqiang , China's highest award for foreign experts who contribute to economic and social development in China.

In the context of management cybernetics, Malik uses an interdisciplinary mix of methods to analyze complexity using various scientific approaches . He was heavily influenced by Peter F. Drucker , one of the leading avant-garde artists of management theory , and philosophers such as Karl Popper and cybernetics as Norbert Wiener , Heinz von Foerster , Frederic Vester , Wolfgang Mewes and Stafford Beer . I.a. the " Malik Sensitivity Model® according to Prof. Vester " is based on the principles of Frederic Vester.

Malik is the author of numerous publications on management theory, general management, strategy and human resource development. In particular, he strives for effective management action and applies cybernetics to management practice.

From 2004 to 2007 he was a member of the supervisory board of ÖBB. In 2007 Malik resigned from the ÖBB supervisory board.

From 1984 to 2015 Malik was Austrian Honorary Consul for the Swiss cantons of Appenzell Ausserrhoden , Appenzell Innerrhoden and St. Gallen .

In 2018 Malik received the Life Achievement Award .

Other activities

Malik is an honorary member of the jury for the " Top 100 innovation competition ", which decides whether a company will be recognized as the most innovative medium-sized company in Germany ("Innovator of the Year") . He is also a member of the Advisory Board of the Peter Drucker Society Europe .

Fonts (selection)

  • with Bénédict Hentsch (ed.): System-oriented management. 1973.
  • with Peter Gomez , Karl-Heinz Oeller: System methodology: Fundamentals of a methodology for researching and designing complex socio-technical systems. Dissertation, 1975.
  • (Ed.): Practice of system-oriented management: Festschrift for the 60th birthday of Prof. Dr. Dr. hc Hans Ulrich. 1979.
  • Management systems. 1981.
  • Strategy of the management of complex systems. 1984, extended habilitation thesis, 1978.
  • with Daniel Stelter: Risks of crisis in the world economy. 1990.
  • Systemic management, evolution, self-organization. 1993.
  • Management perspectives. 1994.
  • Effective corporate supervision. 1997, later as Die Neue Corporate Governance.
  • Leading - performing - living. Effective management for a new era. 2000.
  • Dangerous Management Words - And Why To Avoid Them. 2004.
  • Effective top management. 2006.
  • Management series : mastering complexity. Campus, Frankfurt / New York:
  • When there are no limits. Management and mountaineering. Campus, Frankfurt / New York 2014, ISBN 978-3-593-50029-4 .
  • Leading - performing - living. Effective management for a new world. Completely revised new edition, Campus, Frankfurt / New York 2019, ISBN 978-3593510699 .
  • Navigating in times of upheaval: Rethinking and redesigning the world. 2015, ISBN 978-3593504537 .
  • Dangerous management words. Fully updated and expanded edition, 2017, ISBN 9783593505404

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Entry in the commercial register of the canton of St. Gallen , accessed on July 19, 2013.
  2. EuropAcad ( Memento from February 2, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Fredmund Malik
  3. ^ About the person ( Memento from October 5, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) → Memberships
  4. Source APA award of the Cross of Honor on October 29, 2009
  5. Source ORF Cross of Honor
  6. ^ Prize for the "Management Guru" ( Memento from November 23, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  7. Awards ( Memento from August 19, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
  8. People's Republic of China Friendship Award 2016 ( Memento from January 12, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
  9. Resignation: Malik resigns from the ÖBB function . In:
  10. Honorary Consulate
  11. ^ Website Life Achievement Award
  12. Competition jury accessed on July 5, 2018