## Independent versus Dependent Variables

The two fundamental factors in an experiment are the independent and dependent variables.

### What is an independent variable?

An independent variable is a variable that is changed or controlled in a scientific experiment in order to test the effects it will have on the dependent variable.

### What is the dependent variable?

A dependent variable is the variable being tested and measured in a scientific experiment.

### Independent and Dependent Variable Example

For instance, a researcher needs to check whether the intensity of light has any impact on a moth being pulled into it. The intensity of the light is controlled by the researcher. This would be the independent variable. How the moth responds to the distinctive light levels (separation from the light source) would be the dependent variable.

### Step by step instructions to tell the variables apart

The independent and dependent variables might be seen regarding circumstances and logical results. On the off chance that an independent variable is changed, at that point, an impact will usually be found in the dependent variable. it is important to note that the estimations of the two variables may change in an analysis and are recorded. The thing that matters is that the independent variable is controlled by the experimenter, while the value of the dependent variable only changes in response to the independent variable. For more details have a look at regression analysis.

**Remembering Variables With DRYMIX**

When results are plotted in graphs, the convention is to use the independent variable as the x-axis and the dependent variable as the y-axis. The DRY MIX acronym keeps the variables organized:

**D** is the dependent variable

**R** is the responding variable

**Y** is the axis on which the dependent or responding variable is graphed (the vertical axis)

**M** is the manipulated variable or the one that is changed in an experiment

**I** is the independent variable

**X** is the axis on which the independent or manipulated variable is graphed (the horizontal axis)

**Independent vs Dependent Variable Key Takeaways**

The independent and dependent variables are the two key factors in a science experiment.

The independent variable is the one the experimenter controls. The dependent variable is the variable that adjustments because of the independent variable.

The two variables might be connected by circumstances and logical results. If the independent variable changes and they are related, then the dependent variable is influenced.