Friedrich Eymann

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Friedrich Eymann , also Fritz Eymann (born December 13, 1887 in Unterlangenegg , Canton Bern , † September 2, 1954 in Bern ), was a Swiss Reformed theologian , educator and anthroposophist .


Friedrich Eymann grew up with two sisters as the son of a primary school teacher and a handicraft teacher in the Bernese Oberland. After primary school he attended the Progymnasium in Thun and the grammar school in Bern. After graduating from high school in 1907, he studied Protestant theology in Bern and Tübingen, which he completed in 1913. In Bern he became a member of the Zähringia Bern student association, in Tübingen of the Tübinger Wingolf .

He worked from 1913 to 1928 as a pastor in Eggiwil and from 1924 to 1939 as a religion teacher at the Bernese teacher training college in Hofwil . In addition, from 1928 he was associate professor of ethics at the Protestant theological faculty of the University of Bern . In 1924 he met Rudolf Steiner in Bern and acknowledged his views. In 1938 he was not re-elected to the seminary, and there was increasing opposition to him within the church, led by dogmatics professor Martin Werner , who wrote Anthroposophical Christianity? composed.

In 1939, Eymann founded his magazine “Gegenwart” and “Troxler Verlag”. There he published works by Ignaz Paul Vitalis Troxler - with what was not at all Steiner's term anthroposophy. In addition, he published his own work and those of author friends such as Jakob Streit and Karl Ballmer . With the publication of the latter “AE Biedermann heute” (1941) he started the “Ballmer Handel”. In 1942 around 40 teachers from Bern founded the “Free Pedagogical Association” (FPV); there he held numerous lectures and advanced training courses until his death.

In 1943 he joined the Anthroposophical Society and in 1944 resigned from his chair in Bern. In 1948 he took part in the founding of the Anthroposophical Association , a split of all those anthroposophists who sided with Marie Steiner in the dispute over Steiner's estate .

Eymann's students founded the first Rudolf Steiner School in Bern in 1946 .


Original editions

  • Christianity and the pre-Christian religions. Religious historical considerations (7 lectures Bern 1930). German book publisher, Wuppertal 1931
  • Basic information about religious education at elementary school . Zbinden & Hügin, Basel 193?
  • Anthroposophical education and state school. A note (with Max Leist). Zbinden & Hügin, Basel 1936
  • Christianity and Anthroposophy (Volume I). Troxler, Bern 1939
  • Reflections on the Gospel of Matthew (Christianity and Anthroposophy, Volume II). Troxler, Bern 1939
  • The spiritual foundations of human life (8 lectures in Bern 1939/40; Christianity and Anthroposophy, Volume III). Troxler, Bern 1940
  • Anthroposophy and theology. In defense . Troxler, Bern 1940
  • About the destiny of man . Troxler, Bern 1941
  • From the meaning of the earth . Troxler, Bern 1942
  • Swiss intellectual life in the present crisis . Troxler, Bern 1943
  • What is anthroposophy . Troxler, Bern 1943
  • Justification of the good . Troxler, Bern 1944
  • To overcome pessimism . Troxler, Bern 1944
  • Cultural renewal and education . Troxler, Bern 1946
  • The ethics of personal responsibility . Troxler, Bern 1948
  • The wisdom of fairy tales as reflected in Rudolf Steiner's spiritual science . Troxler, Bern 1952

Preface and Editions

  • Ballmer, Karl: But Mr. Heidegger: Martin Heidegger's speech on the Freiburg Rector's speech; with a foreword by Fritz Eymann. Basel: Geering, 1933
  • Ballmer, Karl: AE Biedermann today. Edited by F. Eymann. Troxler Verlag 1941
  • Troxler, Ignaz Paul Vital: Lectures on philosophy. Edited by Fritz Eymann. Bern 1942

Posthumous editions

  • Shaping fate and knowledge of fate (lecture Bern 1942). Troxler, Bern 1955
  • Education and social issues (7 lectures in Bern 1938), 1956
  • Natural and supernatural creation . Troxler, Bern 1964
  • From Bach to Bruckner (10 lectures Biel 1950). Troxler, Bern 1968
  • The Jesuit question. Between Rome and Moscow (essays from the present 1948/49, new ed. By Max Widmer). Troxler, Bern 1973

Work edition

  • Collected writings and lectures , ed. v. Christian Bärtschi at Zbinden Verlag, Basel:
    • Volume 1: The wisdom of fairy tales as reflected in Rudolf Steiner's humanities , 1980, ISBN 3-85989-111-1
    • Volume 2: Christianity and the pre-Christian religions , 1982, ISBN 3-85989-112-X
    • Volume 3: The justification of the good / To overcome pessimism , 1983, ISBN 3-85989-113-8
    • Volume 4: From Bach to Bruckner , 1986, ISBN 3-85989-114-6
    • Volume 5: Earth and Man. From the meaning of the earth - From the purpose of man - The ethics of personal responsibility , 1989, ISBN 3-85989-115-4
    • Volume 6: Swiss intellectual life in the present crisis , 1991, ISBN 3-85989-116-2


  • Life encounters with Professor F. Eymann . Troxler, Bern 1954 (with a detailed list of his publications, pp. 103-107)
  • Christian Bärtschi / Otto Müller: Human image and human education. Friedrich Eymann - pioneer of anthroposophical education in the state school . Haupt, Bern 1987; 2. through A. 2005, ISBN 3-258-06931-X
  • Max Widmer: Friedrich Eymann 1887–1954. A life in the intellectual struggle of the 20th century . With the editorial assistance of Max Zumbühl. Self-published, Ittigen 1992

Web links


  1. ^ Term according to Widmer: Eymann p 421 f. Ballmer affronted the Albert Steffens regiment in Dornach .