Friedrich Wigger (Mayor)

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Friedrich Wigger (*;? † 1417 ) was the latest from 1396 Bremer councilor and from 1410 to 1417 mayor of Bremen . In 1396 and 1399 he was a treasurer and from 1404 he played a major role in the construction of the Bremen town hall ; he was also one of the two accounting officers. In 1407 he was one of the representatives of Bremen at the Hanseatic Congress in Lübeck , in 1410 he was on a diplomatic mission in Denmark .


Wigger was elected to the Bremen council in 1396 at the latest , and in the same year he became treasurer. He held this office again in 1399.

In 1404, under the direction of Mayor Bernhard Schorhar and above all von Wigger and Hinrich von der Trupe, the preparatory work for the construction of a new town hall began. The troops had only been elected to the council on December 12, 1404. In 1407 he became a treasurer, with which he also supervised the Ratsdenkelbuch established in 1395 . He left numerous entries in his own hand there.

For the construction of the town hall, Hinrich von der Trupe and Friedrich Wigger signed numerous contracts with craftsmen and artists, procured the materials and managed the construction project. The foundation stone was laid on May 6, 1405. On February 10, 1405, the two site managers opened the associated account book, and the last invoices were issued in September. The first of four account books comprises 58 pages, of which only 36 are described, three more contain notes that were later crossed out. This was followed by a second account book, which, like the first, was kept by Hinrich von der Trupe. The third account book was probably kept by Friedrich Wigger, to whom von der Trupe left the running, as was the fourth. On February 23, 1407, the last of the four account books was closed. Books three and four, the ones written by Wigger, cover the period from spring 1406 to the beginning of 1407. Book 3 consists of 24 pages, of which 14 are written and 10 are blank, Book 4 consists of 12 written and 8 blank pages. Hinrich von der Trupe probably kept the four books because he wrote “Liber Hinrici de Trupe” on the back of an attached document. Along with other councilors, Wigger was also able to contribute wood from his forest holdings; The councilors also provided the construction workers with clothing and food.

Wigger became increasingly active in foreign policy matters. At Pentecost 1407 Wigger represented the council of Bremen together with Reynwerd Dene at a Hanseatic day in Lübeck . There it was decided to equip four large warships ("vredeschepen") in order to fight the Vitalienbrüder . Bremen was to provide one of these together with the Hanseatic cities in Livonia and Pomerania . Bremen made an advance of 300 marks on the fleet , which was to be offset by the pound money that all Hanseatic cities were supposed to contribute.

In 1410 Wigger again took part in a legation, this time to Denmark . In addition he received from Duke Wilhelm VI. , the Count of Holland (and Duke of Straubing-Holland), safe conduct.

Wigger was closely related to Herbord Schene , the co-author of the first city chronicle of Bremen.

It is unclear whether a council library already existed around 1410, otherwise it can only be found in the middle of the 16th century. What is certain is that Friedrich Wigger commissioned a copy of the Sachsenspiegel in 1410 , which is now in the Bremen State and University Library . It was created in 1417 by the Westphalian Gottfried von Sconeberge. The manuscript is preceded by notes on the organization of the Hanseatic League.

On March 21, 1416, Wigger wrote his will . He bequeathed his property to his family, bequeathing his silver cutlery to close relatives. Witnesses included Didrik Schorhar and Hinrich von der Trupe.


  1. ^ Arthur Fitger , Johann Georg Kohl : Monuments of the history and art of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen. Second section: Episodes from the cultural and art history of the free imperial city of Bremen . Bremen: C. Ed. Müller 1862, p. 6.
  2. Bremisches Jahrbuch . Vol. 1–2, Bremen 1864, Vol. 2, p. 412.
  3. Bremisches Jahrbuch . Vol. 1–2, Bremen 1864, Vol. 2, pp. 266f.
  4. Thomas Hill: The city and its market: Bremen's surrounding and external relations in the Middle Ages (12th to 15th centuries) . Wiesbaden: Steiner 2004, p. 89.
  5. ^ The town hall of Bremen . In: Bremisches Jahrbuch . Volumes 1–2 (1864), Vol. 2, pp. 259ff., P. 405.
  6. Bremen document book . No. 405, 11-13. June 1410.
  7. State and University Library Bremen (Ed.): Catalog of the medieval manuscripts of the State and University Library Bremen . Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz-Verlag 2004, p. XVII and note 16. On the more well-known manuscript from 1342 see: Conrad Borchling (Ed.): Das Landrecht des Sachsenspiegel after the Bremen manuscript from 1342 , Dortmund: F. W. Ruhfus 1925.
  8. ^ Journal of German Antiquity and German Literature . Volume 135, p. 241.
  9. Ruth Schmidt-Wiegand : Legal books as an expression of pragmatic writing . In: Early Medieval Studies . 35 (2003), pp. 437-475, here: p. 472.
  10. Rolf Sprandel (ed.): Sources for the Hanse history . Knowledge Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 1982, p. 122.