The Göttingen riots were clashes between Göttingen fraternity students and members of the National Socialist German Student Union (NSDStB) in July 1934 , which sparked off when the fraternity students wore hats and ribbons in public despite the ban .
In the summer semester of 1934 there were first major clashes between the Göttingen student associations and the NSDStB, the student association of the National Socialists . At the beginning of June 1934 flags were stolen from the properties of the connections. In response, all of the fraternity students appeared in public with couleur . Many of the so-called old gentlemen living in Göttingen followed this approach.
On the evening of July 10th, the Göttingen fraternity students were gathered in the Ratskeller . The members of the NSDStB- Kameradschaftshaus Papendiek gathered on the market square and asked the fraternity students to appear on the market square. When these calls had no effect, the NSDStB pulled into the Ratskeller in a closed train and made fun of the connections. But since there was no more room for them, the train moved back outside. The marching out of the NSDStB was accompanied by the liaison students with the song "Muß i denn ...".
In the marketplace, however, some liaison students were attacked by members of the NSDStB. As soon as this became known in the Ratskeller, the Ratskeller emptied quickly and there was a fight on the market square, in which the NSDStB got the short straw. Most of the fraternity students were already back in the Ratskeller when the fire brigade and the alerted SS arrived on the market square . The students who remained on the market square made fun of the fire brigade with a spontaneous stanza from Bullerjahn , a traditional and very popular music event in Göttingen: “There is fire, there is fire, there is fire in the city; is nobody there, is nobody there who has a syringe? ". Later the word "none" was replaced by "grace", as the then police senator and later Göttingen mayor Albert Gnade is said to have ordered the fire brigade to be deployed. In response to the chants, some SS members attacked the students with their daggers. The police remained inactive throughout the whole affair.
The next day the students drove as usual to Mariaspring , a popular excursion restaurant north of the city, while the local NSDStB leader stated that the NSDStB had not given any provocations on the previous evening. When they returned in the evening, various groups from the NSDStB and the Hitler Youth were waiting for them in the city . Another clash broke out in front of the Franziskaner restaurant. The fire brigade appeared again and this time the police intervened with rubber truncheons and drawn sabers. Ten students were arrested but released after a few days with no further consequences.
News of the clashes spread quickly. A Strasbourg radio station reported a little exaggerated: “Bloody student riots in Göttingen! The Reichswehr is in control of the situation! ”As a result of the clashes, the Corps Brunsviga Göttingen and the Catholic Association AV Palatia Göttingen were suspended by the rector of the university on July 12, 1934. The measures against Brunsviga were lifted after a few days, those against Palatia on July 18 at the end of the semester.
The Göttingen riots, together with the Göttingen maypole affair in mid-May 1935 and the Heidelberg asparagus meal at the end of May 1935, led to a ban on membership in corporations for NSDStB members and ultimately to the dissolution of the corporations.
- Horst Bernhardi: Frisia Gottingensis 1931-1956 , Heide 1956
- Franz Stadtmüller : History of the Corps Hannovera Göttingen zu Göttingen 1809-1959 , Göttingen 1963
- Georg Bacmeister: Corps under National Socialism: e.g. Brunsviga Göttingen , in Einst und Jetzt Volume 45 (2000), p. 215 ff
- Hans Magenschab : The Secret Wire Pullers: Power and Influence of Student Associations , Styriabooks 2013
- Göttingen riots on the website of the University of Göttingen: The Göttingen University from 1933 to 1945
- AV Palatia in the CV: History ( Memento of the original from December 9, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Paul Gerhardt Gladen : Gaudeamus igitur, the student societies past and present. Munich 1988, p. 47.
- Konrad Hugo Jarausch : German Students 1800–1970. Frankfurt am Main 1984, p. 172.