Günter Lanczkowski

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Günter Lanczkowski (born May 18, 1917 in Kassel ; † August 1, 1993 in Heidelberg ) was a German scholar of religion and an American scholar .


Günter Lanczkowski passed his Abitur in 1937 and studied religious history, oriental studies, evangelical theology, philosophy, Indology and Tibetology. He was drafted into the Wehrmacht in October 1939 and became a prisoner of war. After World War II he was in 1947 with a scientific study of religion Meaning of Indian thought for Richard Wagner and his circle of friends at the University of Marburg Dr. phil. PhD . In 1960 he completed his habilitation at Heidelberg University with a thesis on ancient Egyptian prophetism. Despite his Egyptological orientation he received the instructor as a lecturer for religious history. In 1967 he was appointed adjunct professor at Heidelberg University. In 1982 he retired . From 1984 to 1986 he was a substitute professor for Religious and Mission Studies at the University of Mainz . From 1986 to 1988 he was the immediate successor of Eugen Biser and held the Guardini Chair in Munich.

Günter Lanczkowski was close to the method of religious phenomenology. From 1956 he was a member of the board of directors of the German branch of the International Association for the History of Religions. From 1956 until his death he was with the theologian Johanna, geb. Büchner, married. His son was the writer Clemens Lanczkowski (1958–1995).


  • Holy Scriptures: Content, Text Form and Tradition - Stuttgart, 1956
  • Kingship in the Middle Kingdom - In: La regalitá sacra (1959)
  • Ancient Egyptian Prophetism (post-doctoral thesis) - Wiesbaden, 1960
  • Questions of the religious understanding of history - In: Saeculum, Vol. 12 (1961)
  • Religious Studies as a Problem and a Task - Tübingen, 1965
  • Recent research on mythology - In: Saeculum, Vol. 19 (1968)
  • Encounter and change of religions - Düsseldorf, 1971
  • History of Religions - Frankfurt am Main, 1972
  • Self-understanding and nature of religious studies - Darmstadt, 1974
  • The new religions - Frankfurt am Main, 1974
  • History of Religions - Frankfurt am Main, 1975, 1977
  • Introduction to the phenomenology of religion - Darmstadt, 1978
  • The Image of Man in Religions: Religious Phenomenological Texts for Secondary School II - Göttingen, 1979
  • Introduction to Religious Studies - Darmstadt, 1980
  • Introduction to the History of Religion - Darmstadt, 1983
  • Gods and People in Ancient Mexico - Olten, 1984
  • The religions of the Aztecs, Maya and Inca - Darmstadt, 1989
  • History of non-Christian religions - Frankfurt am Main, 1989

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b c Dagmar Drüll: Lanczkowski, Günter. In: Heidelberger Gelehrtenlexikon 1933-1986. Retrieved May 27, 2018 .