Public Services, Transport and Traffic Union
The forerunner of the ÖTV until 1933 was the general association of employees in public companies and the movement of people and goods , in which in 1930 four organizations formed with the German Transport Association , the Association of Community and State Workers , the Association of Gardeners and Horticulture Workers and the Association of German Professional Firefighters united, whose history goes back to the Central Association of Gardeners in Germany from 1889.
After the end of the Second World War , zonal trade unions were founded in the American , British and French occupation zones since 1945 . At a meeting of representatives of the zonal trade unions on April 26 and 27, 1947 in Oberursel , an interzonal working group was decided. She took on the task of preparing the unification of the three trade union organizations. Another meeting followed in Stuttgart in November 1947, at which fundamental organizational issues were discussed: the trade unionists from the northern British zone wanted a strong central executive committee, while the southern German trade unionists wanted a federal structure. At a meeting of the main zonal boards on October 22nd and 23rd, 1948 in Bad Salzuflen , the unresolved organizational issues between the coalitions broke out. A strategic alliance isolated the Rhenish influence and brought Adolph K Bäumenuss into discussion as the future chairman of the united trade unions.
After the association days of the regional trade unions, the Association Association Day took place from January 28th to 30th, 1949 in the streetcarer Waldheim in Stuttgart-Degerloch . At the conference, which was attended by 300 delegates from the three western zones, u. a. Viktor Agartz on equality in business. After the official merger of the unions from the American and British zones - the unions from the French zone could not join until May 7, 1949 - Stuttgart was set as the administrative headquarters. The central management body was the main executive board (gHV) with the chairmen Adolph K Bäumenuss and Georg Huber with equal rights.
In June and July 1949, seven main departments (HFA) were set up, the number of which was increased to a total of eight HFA in 1952 by splitting HFA II into two structures:
- HFA I: Federal and state companies and administrations
- HFA IIK: Municipal companies and administrations
- HFA IIE: gas, water and energy industries
- HFA III: Police
- HFA IV: Healthcare
- HFA V: trams, private, small and branch lines
- HFA VI: port railways, port operations, shipping
- HFA VII: Private transport, drivers and forwarding agents.
In addition, the groups of women and young people each had their own federal committees and federal secretaries.
On September 30, 1950 it had 705,465 members, 1,234,546 on December 31, 1989, most recently around 1.5 million members, making it the DGB's second largest individual union after IG Metall . In 2001, ÖTV merged with the German Employees' Union (DAG), IG Medien , Deutsche Postgewerkschaft (DPG) and the Trade Union, Banks and Insurance (HBV) to form the United Services Union (ver.di).
The ÖTV member magazine was called "ÖTV-Presse" in the 1950s and "ÖTV-Magazin" from 1960.
- Adolph K Bäumenuss (1949–1964)
- Heinz Kluncker (1964–1982)
- Monika Wulf-Mathies (1982–1994)
- Herbert Mai (1995-2000)
- Frank Bsirske (2000-2001)
- Franz Josef Furtwängler : ÖTV. The story of a union. Union of Public Services, Transport and Traffic, Stuttgart 1955.
- Walter Nachtmann: 100 years of ÖTV. The story of a union and its predecessor organizations . Union, Frankfurt am Main 1996, ISBN 3-922454-43-7
- Rüdiger Zimmermann : 100 years of ÖTV. Biographies. The story of a union and its predecessor organizations . Union, Frankfurt am Main 1996 ISBN 3-922454-44-5
- Karl Christian Führer: Union power and its limits - the ÖTV and its chairman Heinz Klunker 1964–1982, Bielefeld 2017, ISBN 978-3-8394-3927-2
- Rüdiger Zimmermann: Association systematic overview of the board members. In: Biographical Lexicon of the ÖTV and its predecessor organizations. Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung , 1998, accessed on June 20, 2016 .
- Walter Nachtmann: 100 years of ÖTV. The story of a union and its predecessor organizations . Union, Frankfurt am Main 1996, pp. 295-296.
- Walter Nachtmann: 100 years of ÖTV. The story of a union and its predecessor organizations . Union, Frankfurt am Main 1996, pp. 300-303.
- Walter Nachtmann: 100 years of ÖTV. The story of a union and its predecessor organizations . Union, Frankfurt am Main 1996, p. 309.