Gos d'Atura Català
|Gos d'Atura Català|
|FCI Standard No. 87|
Catalan Shepherd Dog, Perro de pastor catalán
Males 47–55 cm.
|List of domestic dogs|
Origin and history
The Catalan Shepherd is native to the Catalan Pyrenees. He was used to lead the flocks and has therefore spread to all Catalan pastoral areas. The shepherds came to other countries with merino sheep and brought native dog types with them from there. However, the appearance of the dogs remained roughly the same. Even today, the Gos d'Atura Català is a shepherd's dog.
Max von Stephanitz was one of the first cynological authors who mentioned the Gos d'Atura in detail in his work The German Shepherd Dog in words and pictures . Gos is the Catalan name for dog, d'Atura says that the dog is used in the herd and helps with driving.
The first stud book appeared in 1915, until 1924 only four dogs were registered, too few for breeding. That changed somewhat after the 1929 exhibition in Barcelona. The veterinarian Augustin Franco from Ribes de Freser ( province of Girona ) developed a standard that was recognized by the FCI in 1929. The Gos d'Atura Català was the first Spanish dog breed recognized by the FCI. From 1915 Gos de Tura was the breed name, the current name Gos d'Atura was introduced in 1936.
According to Emil Hauck , there were three breeds of Catalan sheepdogs that hardly differed from one another in 1965 : the Perro de ganado , the Gos d'Atura Català , and the Perro de Pastor Catalán . The last two in particular are practically identical in the description.
Due to the political conditions in Spain, breeding remained cautious until the club to promote the Gos d'Atura was founded in 1978. Between 1972 and 1982 a total of 31 dogs were confirmed as suitable for breeding, which provided the much-needed broader breeding basis.
It was not until the end of the 20th century that the Gos d'Atura Català began to become known beyond its Catalan homeland. In 1988 breeding began in Germany and in 1989 also in Switzerland. Long-haired dogs are popular today if they are medium-sized, have a pleasant character, are robust in terms of breeding and free from diseases typical of the breed.
The Spanish FCI-affiliated breed association Real Sociedad Canina de España (RSCE) has been trying for years to encourage shepherds to breed their dogs according to the standard and under his supervision.
The Catalan Shepherd Dog is 45 to 55 cm high according to the standard. It is multi-colored within the fur so that it appears monochrome from a distance. The basic colors of the dogs are tan , sand yellow, gray or black, white drawing is not allowed. The hair is long, straight, or very slightly wavy, or rough with a rich undercoat . On the head he has a chin and mustache, quotes and eyebrows that do not cover the eyes. Its ears are set high, triangular, thin, tapered, close to the head.
In the FCI breed standard, the Catalan Shepherd Dog is described as a very reserved, lively and intelligent dog who is “devotedly” to the shepherd and the herd entrusted to him. He typically keeps his distance from strangers and is very vigilant.
- David Alderton: Dogs . New edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2002, ISBN 0-7894-8981-3 .
- Joan Palmer: The Colored Encyclopedia of Dogs . Bellavista, Cologne 2003, ISBN 3-89893-286-9 .
- Bonnie Wilcox, Chris Walkowicz: The Atlas of Dog Breeds of the World . 5th revised edition. TFH Publications et al., Neptune City NJ et al. 1995, ISBN 0-7938-1284-4 .
- standard No. 87 of the FCI: Gos d'Atura Català (PDF)
- Hans Räber : Encyclopedia of the pedigree dogs. Origin, history, breeding goals, suitability and use. Volume 1: Farmers, shepherds and cattle dogs, shepherds, mastiff-like dogs, pinscher-like dogs, spitz-like dogs, Nordic dogs, Schensi dogs, dwarf dogs, poodles, Dalmatians. Franckh-Kosmos, Stuttgart 1993, ISBN 3-440-06555-3 , 362 ff .: Gos d'Atura Català. First mention in literature.