Land register regulations

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Basic data
Title: Land register regulations
Abbreviation: GBO
Type: Federal law
Scope: Federal Republic of Germany
Legal matter: Voluntary Jurisdiction Law , Land Register Law
References : 315-11
Original version from: March 24, 1897
( RGBl. P. 139)
Entry into force on: predominantly January 1, 1900
Last revision from: May 26, 1994
( BGBl. I p. 1114 )
Last change by: Art. 11 G of December 12, 2019
( Federal Law Gazette I p. 2602, 2627 )
Effective date of the
last change:
January 1, 2020
(Art. 20 G of December 12, 2019)
GESTA : D039
Please note the note on the applicable legal version.

The Land Register Ordinance (official abbreviation: GBO ) is a German law of land register law which, together with the land register decree (GBV), regulates the procedure for entries in the land register as a formal right .

The land registers are kept by the local courts and there by the land registry offices ( Section 1 Paragraph 1 Sentence 1 GBO). According to § 1 FamFG, land register matters belong to the matters of voluntary jurisdiction and are assigned to the judicial officer ( § 3 No. 1 lit. h RPflG ).

Section 3 (2) GBO regulates that not all properties in Germany have to be recorded in the land register . According to this, the properties of the federal government , the federal states , the municipalities and other municipal associations , the churches , monasteries and schools , the watercourses , the public roads , as well as the properties which are dedicated to a railway company serving public transport, receive a land register sheet only at the request of the Owner or authorized person; they are therefore registrable.

The regulatory content of the GBO is referred to as formal real estate law , as this includes formal requirements for legal acts to be carried out , such as B. Entries and deletions are to be observed.

The material property law is regulated in the German Civil Code (BGB).


  • Johann Demharter : GBO. Land register regulations with the text of the land register order and other regulations. 28th edition. CH Beck, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-406-62409-4 .
  • Stefan Hügel (Ed.): Land Register Regulations. Comment. 2nd Edition. CH Beck, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-406-60451-5 (also listed as Beck'scher online commentary - there as of Edition 8 from January 1, 2010).
  • Joachim Kuntze, Rudolf Ertl, Hans Herrmann, Dieter Eickmann (first): Land register law. Commentary on the land register regulations and land register ruling including condominium land register ruling. 6th edition. De Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2006, ISBN 978-3-89949-092-3 .
  • Harald Wilsch: The land register regulation for beginners. 1st edition. CH Beck, Munich 2011, ISBN 978-3-406-60446-1 .

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