Hans-Ulrich Rottka

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Hans-Ulrich Rottka (born September 21, 1895 in Bautzen , † October 14, 1979 in Berlin ) was a Reich judge at the time of National Socialism .

Walter Hans-Ulrich Rottka came from a Saxon family of officers. His father Hermann Rottka was a lieutenant colonel . In the First World War , Hans-Ulrich Rottka took part as a lieutenant, initially in the infantry and later in the air force . On January 31, 1918, Rottka was shot down over Macedonia and suffered severe spinal injuries.

From 1920 to 1923 he studied law in Leipzig and Freiburg / Br. After receiving his doctorate in 1926, he became a court assessor at the public prosecutor's office in Dresden. In 1926 he married the judge Elisabeth Dürholt, they had three children. In 1928 Rottka moved to the Dresden Regional Court and was soon promoted to the District Court Councilor and in 1931 to the Regional Court Councilor. Rottka carried out this activity until 1935.

In 1936 he was assigned to the Reich War Prosecutor's Office, the prosecuting authority of the Reich Court Martial, as a senior war judge in the Air Force . On February 1, 1937, through the mediation of Rüdiger Schleicher , he was delegated to the Reich Court Martial by the legal department of the Reich Aviation Ministry , where he worked briefly . However, on September 26, 1942, at Hitler's instigation , he was retired because he had too "humane views" of the defendants in trials of Jehovah's Witnesses and in other cases. Rottka belonged to the very small minority of judges who, for reasons of conscience, terminated their involvement in an increasingly criminal justice system in the Third Reich . After his discharge from active judicial service, he dealt with academic work on the case law of the Imperial Court Martial.

At the end of July 1945, Rottka was arrested by the Soviet secret service NKVD and held in the special camps in Bautzen , Mühlberg and Buchenwald until 1950 . After being transferred to the GDR judiciary , he was sentenced to life imprisonment in the so-called Waldheim trials by the Chemnitz district court . At the same time, the family was expropriated. His wife, who had worked as a judge in the GDR until 1950, was removed from her post on the instructions of the Justice Minister of the GDR Max Fechner . In 1956 Rottka was freed again.

Orders and awards

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hans-Ulrich Rottka: Field pilot in Greece. in: "Blau-Gold", ed. from the "Association of Former Students of the Dresden-Neustadt High School", 1935
  2. R. v. Decker: Deutsche Justiz, issues 27–52, 1936, p. 1798
  3. Detlef Garbe: Between Resistance and Martyrdom: The Jehovah's Witnesses in the "Third Reich". Oldenbourg Verlag, 1999. p. 387
  4. ^ Falco Werkentin : Political criminal justice in the Ulbricht era: From avowed terror to covert repression. Ch.links Verlag, 1997, p. 174
  5. Personal Declaration of Judge Eckart Rottka about the demonstration of "Judges and Public Prosecutors for Peace" in Mutlangen on January 12, 1987 ( Memento of the original of July 5, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.tridentploughshares.org
  6. ^ Annette Weinke : Former military judges in the Soviet Zone / GDR: exchange of elites and prevented reappraisal. In: W. Wette, J. Perels (Ed. :) "With a clean conscience": Wehrmachttrichter in the Federal Republic and their victims. Construction Verlag, 2011, p. 77. ISBN 3351027400