Hermann Frobenius (officer)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hermann Wilhelm Theodor Frobenius (also Herman Frobenius ; born October 6, 1841 in Langensalza ; † August 9, 1916 in Charlottenburg ) was a Prussian engineer officer and publicist.



He was a son of the superintendent and consistorial councilor Hermann Theodor Wilhelm Frobenius (1808–1868) in Merseburg from the widely ramified Thuringian-Franconian family of scholars and officials, Frobenius , who descended from Volckmar Frobenius , the reformer of Stadtilm . He was the father of the well-known ethnologist Leo Frobenius (1873-1938) and the painter Hermann Frobenius (1871-1954) in Munich.

Military career

Frobenius joined the Prussian Army in 1861 and trained there as an engineer. This was the basis for his later specialization in fortress construction . He was first a teacher at the Cadet House in Berlin, then at the War Academy and at the United Artillery and Engineering School in Berlin. From 1888 to 1891 Frobenius was finally director of the fortress building school in Berlin, where he developed the layout of a terrain theory. In the war against France in 1870 he achieved a certain fame as he was the first soldier to climb the wall of the besieged Strasbourg fortress . For his work during the war he was awarded the Iron Cross 2nd class.


In 1892 he left the military as a lieutenant colonel and became a publicist. Frobenius wrote mainly on military science topics, but also on contemporary history and non-European cultures. He wrote a biography of Alfred Krupp and published on colonial issues, including Sudan , after he had traveled to the Egyptian Sudan with his son Leo. In 1901 he published a widely used military encyclopedia, followed in 1906 by a two-volume history of the Prussian engineer officers from 1849 to 1886 and in 1907 a splendid edition on the history of the Hohenzollern family . His brochure Des Deutschen Reiches Schicksalshunde , which appeared shortly before the outbreak of the First World War, attracted attention as it was positively discussed by the Crown Prince . He was considered a loyal supporter of the Hohenzollern. He published his publications under the name Herman Frobenius .


  • Terrain theory. 2 parts, 1875–76.
  • The annual reports on fortifications at Löbell. since 1892.
  • The heathen negroes of Egyptian Sudan. Publishing house Nitschke & Loechner, Berlin 1893.
  • Military history examples of the fortress war of 1870/71. 12 issues, 1899–1909.
  • Fortified positions in the light of the military events of 1898 and 1899.
  • The armor fortification in the European countries.
  • Alfried Krupp. A picture of life. Carl Reissner publishing house, Dresden and Leipzig 1898, digitized
  • Collection of commonly understood lectures, Hamburg 1898: The earth buildings in Sudan.
  • Military Lexicon. Berlin 1901.
  • History of the Prussian Engineer and Pioneer Corps from the middle of the 19th century to 1886 , 1908, Volume 1 , Volume 2
  • The Hohenzollern - History of Brandenburg-Prussia and the German Empire under the Hohenzollern. Merkur publishing house, Berlin 1910.
  • Our fortresses. 1912 (Volume 1; Volume 2 not published)
  • The fateful hour of the German empire. 1914.
  • Sisters of Fateful Hour. 1915.
  • War aims and peace aims. 1916.


  • Anton Freiherr von Froben: News about the von Froben family. Berlin 1874.
  • Article about Frobenius in the magazine Mother Earth. 1900.
  • Brockhaus' little conversation lexicon I. 1914.
  • William Alfred Theo Frobenius: descendants of Volkmar Frobenius. in: Karl Brandler: Johannes Frobenius: A study of the famous humanistic printer of the 16th century. Hammelburg 1961 (supplement to the annual report 1960/61 of the Frobenius-Gymnasium with Oberrealschule Hammelburg), p. 65.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. registry office Charlottenburg III, Death No 1362/1916.. State Archives Berlin. ( Name directory online )