Hermann Reschny

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Hermann Reschny

Hermann Reschny (born June 15, 1898 in Stammersdorf ; † January 7, 1971 in Graz ) was an Austrian politician ( NSDAP ) and SA leader .

Live and act

After attending elementary and community school, Reschny was trained at the seminar in Feldkirch . From 1916 to 1919 he was a member of the Austro-Hungarian Army , with which he took part in the First World War , in which he was deployed on the Russian and Italian fronts . From 1919 to 1933 Reschny worked as a teacher in Vienna.

Politically, Reschny began to be active in the Austrian branch of the NSDAP in the 1920s . From 1932 to 1933 Reschny was a member of the Lower Austrian state parliament , then from 1933 a member of the Austrian Federal Council . From 1926 he led the Austrian Sturmabteilung (SA), which in the first half of the 1930s together with the Austrian Legion stationed in the German Reich formed SA Upper Group VIII , and from March 1934 SA Upper Group XI. On July 1, 1932, Reschny was appointed leader of the SA Group Austria, and on April 20, 1933, Adolf Hitler's birthday , he was promoted to SA Obergruppenführer. This promotion was a remarkable honor for Reschny and his "services" to the Austrian SA, not only because there were only eight SA Obergruppenführer in the entire German Reich at that time, but also because Austria, as an SA territorial unit, still had the status of an SA in 1933 -Group and only became an SA upper group after the NSDAP was banned.

In July 1934 Reschny was involved as leader of the illegal SA in Austria in the failed July coup of the Austrian National Socialists against the Dollfuss government . However, Reschny was more driven than an independent actor, because he was not in on the plans of the putschists of SS Standard 89, which occupied the Chancellery and RAVAG on July 25, 1934 . He had also missed the fact that the Styrian SA brigade leaders Konstantin Kammerhofer and August Meyszner , who were under his authority and who came from the ranks of the former Styrian Homeland Security , secretly made a pact with the SS chancellor's sputschists and thus his internal party opponents and, so to speak, a Nazi takeover of power in Austria tried to realize by completely bypassing their "boss". The SA uprising in Styria on July 25, 1934, which Reschny assumed was a "spontaneous" action by "his" SA, prompted him to also order the SA formations in the other federal states to revolt To give. On the one hand, he wanted to relieve the Styrian SA militarily, on the other hand, if the SA uprising (s) were successful, he hoped to be the real winner of the July coup and the one who alone enabled the National Socialists to "take power" in Austria.

After the coup failed, Reschny fled Austria to the German Empire . There he organized the so-called Austrian Legion and directed it from Bad Godesberg as the “SA-Hilfswerk Nordwest” . In April 1938, after the " Anschluss of Austria " to the German Reich, the Legion invaded the "Ostmark" under his leadership. He also sat from March 1936 to April 1938 as a member of the National Socialist Reichstag for constituency 20 (Cologne-Aachen) . However, these functions could not hide the fact that Reschny's political star had steadily declined in Austria since the failed July coup. From 1939 Reschny took part in the Second World War as a captain . In 1948 he was sentenced to sixteen years in prison by an Austrian court, but released early in 1957.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Hans Schafranek : Mercenaries for the connection. The Austrian Legion 1933–1938. Czernin Verlag, Vienna 2010, ISBN 978-3-7076-0331-6 , p. 13.
  2. See Hans Schafranek: Summer festival with prize shooting. The unknown history of the Nazi putsch in July 1934. Czernin Verlag, Vienna 2006, ISBN 3-7076-0081-5 , pp. 162–167 and 207f.