Herwig Wolfram

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Herwig Wolfram (born February 14, 1934 in Vienna ) is an Austrian Medievalist . He became internationally known for his work on early medieval ethnogenesis .

Herwig Wolfram studied history and Latin at the University of Vienna from 1952 to 1957 and received his doctorate in 1957. From 1959 to 1961 Wolfram was a university assistant at the Historical Institute of the University of Vienna and from 1962 to 1969 at the Institute for Austrian Historical Research . In 1966 he received his habilitation at the Philosophical Faculty of the University of Vienna. In the academic year 1968/69 he was visiting professor at the University of California, Los Angeles , and then returned to the USA many times as such. Wolfram taught from the winter semester 1969/70 until his retirement on October 1, 2002 as a full professor in medieval history and historical auxiliary sciences at the University of Vienna. From 1983 to 2002 he was director of the Institute for Austrian Historical Research.

The main research areas of tungsten are:

  • (Early and High) Middle Ages and historical auxiliary sciences
  • Ethnogenesis ; his work on the Goths , which partly followed the suggestions of Reinhard Wenskus , has become a standard work, which from 1979 to 2009 saw five editions and translations into American, Italian, French, Polish and Russian.
  • Diplomacy
  • Early history of the Germanic peoples, the transformation of the Roman world in late antiquity and the emergence of the European peoples
  • Early medieval history of the Eastern Alps and Danube region
  • Questions of ancient continuity

Wolfram published a 15-volume Austrian story between 1994 and 2006/13 and is the editor of the book series Früh Völker in Verlag CH Beck .

Herwig Wolfram is a member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences , corresponding member (k. M.) of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica and for many years was a member of its central management delegated by the Austrian Academy of Sciences, k. M. of the Medieval Academy of America , the British Academy and the Royal Historical Society as well as holder of the Austrian Decoration of Honor for Science and Art (2000). In 2011 Wolfram was awarded the Cardinal Innitzer Prize .

Fonts (selection)

  • Splendor Imperii. The epiphany of virtue and salvation in rule and kingdom. Böhlau, Vienna 1963.
  • Initulation I (Vienna 1967) and II (Vienna 1972).
  • with Christiane Thomas (ed.): The correspondence of Ferdinand I with his siblings Charles V and Maria of Hungary in the years 1531/32. (= Publications of the Commission for Modern History of Austria Volume 3, Parts 1 to 3), Vienna 1973, 1977, 1984.
  • History of the Goths. Draft of a historical ethnography. CH Beck, Munich 1979, 2nd edition 1980, under the title: Die Goten. From the beginning to the middle of the sixth century . 3rd and 4th and 5th editions (1990/2001/2009), Italian, American, French and Russian translations. Revised and abridged as Beck's special edition (Munich 1983).
  • The empire and the Germanic peoples. Between antiquity and the Middle Ages. Siedler, Berlin 1990, 2nd edition 1992 (Siedler German History). English translation 1997.
  • Austrian history 378–907. Boundaries and spaces. History of Austria before its creation. Ueberreuter, Vienna 1995, ISBN 3-8000-3524-3 .
  • Salzburg, Bavaria, Austria. The Conversio Bagoariorum et Carantanorum and the sources of their time. Vienna 1995.
  • Die Germanen (= CH Beck Wissen ), CH Beck, Munich 1995, 9th revised edition 2009, ISBN 978-3-406-59004-7 , Polish (2009) and Italian translation (2005).
  • Conrad II. Emperor of three kingdoms. CH Beck, Munich 2000. English translation, Penn State Press 2006.
  • The Goths and their history. (= Beck's knowledge series ), CH Beck, Munich 2001 3rd edition 2010. Spanish and Bulgarian translations.
  • Gothic studies. People and rule in the early Middle Ages. CH Beck, Munich 2005
  • The 101 most important questions. Germanic peoples. CH Beck, Munich 2008.
  • Origo. Ricerca dell`origine e dell'identità nell'Alto Medioevo. (= Labirinti 112), Trento 2008.
  • with Georg Kugler: 99 questions for the history of Austria. Ueberreuter, Vienna 2009.
  • Conversio Bagoariorum et Carantanorum. The White Book of the Salzburg Church on the successful mission in Carantania and Pannonia. Edited, translated, commented on and supplemented with the Epistola Theotmari and collected writings on the subject. 3rd edition, Slovenska Akademia Znanosti in Umetnosti, Ljubljana 2013, ISBN 978-3-7086-0793-1 .
  • The Roman Empire and its Teutons. A story of origin and arrival. Böhlau, Vienna-Cologne-Weimar 2018, ISBN 978-3-412-50767-1 .


  • Fritz Fellner , Doris A. Corradini (Ed.): Austrian History in the 20th Century. A biographical-bibliographical lexicon. (= Publications of the Commission for Modern History of Austria 99). Böhlau, Vienna et al. 2006, ISBN 978-3-205-77476-1 , p. 462.
  • Ernst Zehetbauer: Historical research and archive studies. The Institute for Austrian Historical Research and the scientific training of archivists in Austria . tredition, Hamburg 2014, ISBN 978-3-8495-7660-8 .

Web links


  1. Peter J. Heather ( Goths and Romans , Oxford 1991), for example, represented different positions, but referred to the English translation, which was based on the first two editions of 1979/80, and not to the following from 1990, around around 100 pages with extended editions. Wolfram himself avoided the term ethnogenesis in later work.