Institute for Applied Training Science
The Institute for Applied Training Science (IAT) , founded in 1992, is a central research institute for top-class and young athletes based in Leipzig . Legally, the Institute for Applied Training Science and the Institute for Research and Development of Sports Equipment (FES) in Berlin are represented by the joint sponsoring association IAT / FES of the German Olympic Sports Confederation (DOSB).
The sponsoring association includes 24 leading associations, six regional sports federations, the Cologne Trainer Academy and the DOSB . The IAT also works with the Olympic training centers , the Federal Institute for Sports Science and various university sports science institutions. The IAT is the only central research institute for top and young talent in Germany.
The IAT emerged from the Research Institute for Physical Culture and Sport (FKS) of the GDR. In Art. 39 of the Unification Treaty it was stipulated that top-class sport and its development in the area of the former GDR should continue to be promoted insofar as it is worth preserving. This also included the VCS, which should be continued in an appropriate form in the unified Germany. In September 1990 the Federal Ministry of the Interior commissioned the Federal Institute for Sport Science (BISp) to prepare a structure paper for the planned IAT, after the BISp had previously spoken out against maintaining the VCS. Several members of the FKS were publicly accused of having been involved in the work of the Stasi and doping practices during the GDR era. In view of these accusations, the representatives of the Free State of Saxony and the Faculty of Sport Science at the University of Leipzig, which was being established, stayed away from the IAT's founding event on March 16, 1992. Sports scientist Reinhard Daugs , who was a member of the IAT appointment committee, later said in this regard that this was “not a great moment and a bad time for German sports science”.
The association “Institute for Applied Training Science eV” was founded on November 16, 1991, the IAT began its work on January 1, 1992. According to the assessment of the former IAT director Arndt Pfützner , when the IAT was founded, “it was able to fall back on long-standing employees experienced in competitive sports research and also use a material-technical basis, which at that time had the unique know-how for solving these tasks According to the institute, partnerships with the FES, the Cologne Trainer Academy, the Olympic training centers, the Federal Institute for Sports Science and sports science institutions (including at universities) are of particular importance.
The first president of the IAT after its founding was Dietrich Martin from April 1, 1992 , who remained in office until his death on May 2, 2000. In 1993 and 1994, the number of institute staff was reduced from 124 to 105, then to 82 as a result of funding cuts. On September 1, 1994, the first issue of the "Journal for Applied Training Science" was published. In 1996 the IAT and FES supporting associations were merged. In August 1999, a cooperation agreement was signed with the University of Leipzig. After Martin's death, Arndt Pfützner led the institute until 2015. In June 2009 a cooperation agreement was signed with the German Sport University Cologne. As of March 2011, the number of IAT employees had grown to 102. In 2015 Ulf Tippelt became Pfützner's successor.
Tasks and organization
The task is the accompanying training and competition research in German competitive sport with the aim of identifying and exploiting the respective performance potential of top German athletes. Dietrich Martin and Jürgen Krug described the main area of activity of the IAT in an article published in spring 1992 in the magazine “ Leistungssport ” “in the connection of training scientific knowledge and optimal implementation of existing knowledge in training practice”. It is "the practical usability of scientific research results" that determines the work of the IAT and defines its philosophy, said the then President of the German Sports Confederation , Manfred von Richthofen , on the occasion of the institute's tenth anniversary. As of 2015, the institute looked after 1,500 top German athletes from 18 summer and six winter sports. The basis of the cooperation are long-term cooperation agreements with the respective central associations. The IAT gives training recommendations as well as sports medicine health and therapy recommendations. In addition, the institute develops measurement and information systems and ensures their practical application. Research at the IAT is carried out by training scientists, social scientists, sports medicine specialists, engineers, information and communication science and computer scientists.
The institute maintains various databases (SPONET with the individualized specialist information service SPRINT, SPOWiS, duplicate theory and practice, competitive sport, diving, weightlifting, triathlon) and publishes the journal for applied training science, including Olympic analyzes, which is offered in a full-text archive on the IAT website.
The institute comprises the following departments:
- the three training science areas for
- Endurance (canoeing, running / walking, cycling, rowing, swimming, triathlon, biathlon, speed skating, cross-country skiing)
- Strength technique (apparatus gymnastics, weight lifting, throwing / pushing / all around, water jumping, figure skating, skeleton, ski jumping / Nordic combined) and
- Technical tactics (badminton, handball, hockey, volleyball, boxing, judo, wrestling)
- as well as the departments
- Sports medicine (sports medicine outpatient clinic, clinical chemical laboratory, anthropometry, sports cardiology, sports orthopedics, functional diagnostics)
- MINT (sports informatics, information and communication technologies, biomechanics, measuring station development)
- IKS (specialist training information, literature databases, country analyzes, scientific library)
- Young competitive sport (career progression, individual development documentation, long-term performance building, talent identification and development, framework training concepts, support systems)
- ↑ a b c City of Leipzig says goodbye to IAT director Arndt Pfützner. In: leipzig.de. Retrieved February 9, 2019 .
- ↑ History at a Glance - Institute for Applied Training Science. Retrieved February 9, 2019 .
- ↑ Reinhard Daugs: 10 years of IAT - A central institute in the field of tension between sports policy and sports science . Ed .: Institute for Applied Training Science, Information / Documentation Department. Leipzig 2002.
- ↑ a b Selected data from the development of the IAT 1991–2002 . In: Institute for Applied Training Science Department Information / Documentation (Ed.): 10 YEARS INSTITUTE FOR APPLIED TRAINING SCIENCE . Leipzig 2002.
- ↑ a b c Festschrift 10 Years IAT (pdf) - Institute for Applied Training Science. Retrieved February 9, 2019 .
- ↑ a b History at a Glance - Institute for Applied Training Science. Retrieved February 9, 2019 .
- ↑ Milestones 2007-2012 - Institute for Applied Training Science. Retrieved February 9, 2019 .
- ↑ New IAT director Tippelt: “Freedom for scientists”. In: bild.de. Retrieved February 9, 2019 .
- ^ Dietrich Martin, Jürgen Krug: The "Institute for Applied Training Science". In: competitive sport, 22 (1992) 3. 1992, accessed February 9, 2019 .
- ↑ Our Resources - Institute for Applied Training Science. Retrieved February 9, 2019 .
- ^ Organizational structure of the IAT - Institute for Applied Training Science. Retrieved February 9, 2019 .