Interpretation ( Latin interpretatio in the general sense "interpretation, translation, explanation") means the understanding or subjectively plausible respected interpretation of something given or at least of something present. This can e.g. B. a statement , a work of art or a social situation, but also something simply found in nature.
Examples of interpretive approaches
- Interpretation , the determination of the meaning of a legal norm, a contract or other declarations of intent
- Hermeneutics , the general methodology of interpretation
- Interpretation in formal logic and formal semantics : The interpretation function assigns the meaning to every syntactically correct construct of a formal language.
- Interpretation of commands in computer science: Interpreters and compilers are computer programs that translate texts that are formulated in a high-level programming language into machine language and thus make them executable for the computer. In contrast to the compiler, which only supplies the translated text, the interpreter executes every translated command immediately afterwards.
- In connection with the interpretation and interpretation of theological, literary and legal texts, one speaks of exegesis , the opposite of which is Eisegesis , and when interpreting laws in jurisprudence of legal interpretation , for example in the legal commentary .
- Interpretation of geospatial data in order to obtain information about geographical relationships: Geographic information systems present information by intersecting (computer science) of primary ( e.g. image processing ) and secondary data
- Interpretation of sensory impressions by the brain , and consequently the consciousness , such as B. the spatial position , optical illusions , dizziness , fear of space ; see also interpretation
- The interpretation of dreams in psychoanalysis
- Image interpretation or interpretation in psychology , psychotherapy and art or painting therapy
- Interpretation in art as representation or work analysis
- Interpretation of nature and culture as a didactic concept
Interpretation in art
Interpretation in the sense of art theory and cultural studies is the process in which a literary, musical or visual work of art is laid out or interpreted. In addition to the analysis of the form, interpretation also includes the examination of the subtext .
According to some conceptions, every analysis is already an interpretation. In the performing arts such as music or dance, the performance of a work is always an interpretation; therefore the artist is considered an interpreter .
- Text interpretation in general
- Poetry interpretation for decoding and interpreting poetic texts
- Biblical hermeneutics , interpretation of Christian texts as literary cultural assets
- Films and other media
- Musical interpretation , performance of notated or newly arranged music (in pop music , also called cover here ).
- Interpretation in dance , representation of an action or an expression of feeling. In pantomime one speaks of a 'grand suflet'
- Andreas Mauz, Christiane Tietz (Ed.): Understanding and interpreting. On the basic vocabulary of hermeneutics and interpretation theory (hermeneutics and interpretation theory, vol. 1). Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh 2020.