Jardin des Plantes
The Jardin des Plantes (French; German: plant garden ) is a botanical garden in Paris with an area of 23.5 hectares . It is located in the southeast of the city, on the southern bank of the Seine in the 5th arrondissement between the Paris mosque and the "Jussieu" scientific faculty .
The garden, which was laid out in 1626 and opened to the public as Jardin du roi in 1635, is the oldest part of the important national research and educational institute for natural sciences, Muséum national d'histoire naturelle , which was founded in 1793. It is bounded by the institute's areas of activity, including several exhibition buildings such as the Grande Galerie de l'Évolution , the Galerie de Paléontologie et d'Anatomie Comparée and the Ménagerie du Jardin des Plantes , the only Paris zoo within the ring road ( Boulevard périphérique ).
This zoo came into being as a result of the French Revolution : According to a resolution from 1793, the exotic animals of private showmen were either assigned to the remains of the Versailles menagerie or slaughtered and given to the naturalists of the Jardin des Plantes for stuffing. The latter let the animals live. Even after the opening of the new zoo in the Bois de Vincennes (1934), the Jardin des Plantes Zoo is still an attractive place to spend your free time.
The garden was originally named Jardin royal des plantes médicinales (royal medicinal herb garden ) by the royal personal physicians of Louis XIII. , Jean Héroard (1551–1628) and Guy de La Brosse . Directors included Antoine Vallot (1652–1671), personal physician to Louis XIV, Guy-Crescent Fagon (1693) and Georges-Louis Leclerc de Buffon (1739), who expanded the park.
In the 17th century the Jardin des Plantes also served as a popular training center for surgeons . For example, the surgeon and later personal physician of Louis XIV. Pierre Dionis (1643–1718) taught anatomy and surgery there from 1672 to 1680.
- Robert Schediwy, Franz Baltzarek: Green in the Big City: History and Future of European Parks with Special Consideration of Vienna. Vienna 1982, ISBN 3-85063-125-7 .
- G. Meynell: Surgical Teaching at the Jardin des Plantes during the 17th century. In: Gesnerus . Volume 51, 1994, pp. 101-108.
- Pierre Dionis: Cours d'opérations de chirurgie, de demontrées au Jardin Royal. Brussels 1708; several editions.
- Matthew Senior: Pierre Dionis and Joseph-Guichard Duverney: Teaching Anatomy at the Jardin du roi, 1673-1730 . In: Seventeenth-Century French Studies . Volume 26, Number 1, 2004, pp. 153-169 ( doi: 10.1179 / c17.2004.26.1.153 ).
- Barbara I. Tshisuaka: Dionis, Pierre. In: Werner E. Gerabek , Bernhard D. Haage, Gundolf Keil , Wolfgang Wegner (eds.): Enzyklopädie Medizingeschichte. De Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2005, ISBN 3-11-015714-4 , p. 308.