Robert Adolf Stemmle

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Robert Adolf Ferdinand Stemmle (born June 10, 1903 in Magdeburg , † February 24, 1974 in Baden-Baden , also for short: RA Stemmle or Robert A. Stemmle ) was a German author , director and producer .

Training and career choice

After obtaining the university entrance qualification in 1919 at the municipal high school in Magdeburg, Stemmle studied at the teacher preparation institute in Genthin until 1923 and graduated with the teacher examination. But instead of immediately switching to teaching, he first traveled to Germany for two years with a traveling theater, the so-called Blachetta Troupe ; there he worked as an actor and author. He did not teach like his father until 1925 at the experimental school in Magdeburg-Buckau, which felt obliged to reform pedagogy . There he built a puppet stage and took part as a player and author in numerous events outside of school. In 1927 he took part in the German Theater Exhibition in Magdeburg with the hand puppet stage of the Volksbühne Association, which he directed , and his success finally motivated him to change his profession. So he moved to Berlin in 1928 and tried his hand at the theater studies branch of the Friedrich Wilhelms University .

Before 1945

Together with the cabaret artist Werner Finck , he founded “ Die Katakombe ” in 1929 and has since written politically committed pieces for the stage. He assisted Max Reinhardt and worked alongside Erik Charell or the director Ludwig Berger . Together with Günther Weisenborn he wrote a. a. the text to the "proletarian ballad" Mann im Beton , set to music by Walter Gronostay in 1932 . When his self-written play Kampf um Kitsch (1931) with Therese Giehse in the leading role at the Volksbühne was a great success, he was already employed as the main dramaturge at Tobis-Film . In 1934 he directed his first own film. It was the first film adaptation of the novel Die Feuerzangenbowle under the title So ein Flegel with Heinz Rühmann and Oskar Sima . But he was also involved in foreign productions, including the script for the French film La Kermesse héroïque from 1935 (German title: Die klugen Frauen ). When Stemmle married the actress Gerda Maurus in 1937 - their daughter Philine was born from the marriage - he was already a recognized director and screenwriter at UFA . He was known for the fact that his scripts often remained legible like stories, and that his stories contained dialogues that could be played directly.

After 1945

After the war, Robert Stemmle was allowed to work in all occupation zones, even though he wrote the script and directed the National Socialist propaganda film Jungens , which is still one of the restricted films in Germany today . He was employed as a director at theaters in Heidelberg , Berlin and Munich . He staged an opera (“ Die Kluge ”) in East Berlin and directed radio plays for the NWDR in West Berlin . In 1948 he wrote the novel Die Affäre Blum , for which he also wrote the screenplay for the DEFA film. From 1949 until his death, Stemmle was only employed as a freelance writer and director for film and television. In 1954 he founded his own film company, Maxim-Film GmbH, and produced three feature films. Schlager films and romantic wanderlust films (the Italienwelle ) bear his signature , as do several Edgar Wallace and Karl May series. Together with Herrmann Mostar , he published fifteen volumes of The New Pitaval from 1963 , i.e. reports on true crimes. After his wife's death in 1968, he married Annelise Lippert. While filming a TV production for Südwestfunk, Robert Stemmle had a heart attack in 1974 and died a little later on February 24, 1974 in Baden-Baden. His daughter is Cornelia Scheel .

Prizes and awards

Books (selection)

as an author
  • Out of the blue. Theater and film anecdotes. Herbig, Berlin 1942.
  • The birth of comedy. 7 pictures after Franz Pocci . German amateur play publisher, Rotenburg / Fulda 1950.
  • Uncle Jodokus and his heirs. A cheerful novel. Herbig, Berlin 1953.
  • The fun comes to an end here. Verlag der Sternbücher, Hamburg 1957.
  • I was a little PG. A novel. Goverts, Stuttgart 1958.
  • Heartache on linen wall. 7 taxes. Bruckmann, Munich 1962.
  • Yes, yes, yes, oh yes, it's sad, but true. Poignant ballads and tragic figures. Verlag Weiß, Berlin 1964.
  • Journey of no return. The Petiot case. Verlag das neue Berlin, Berlin 1968.
  • Affair Blum. Herbig, Munich 1979, ISBN 3-7766-0968-0 .
  • The man who was Sherlock Holmes . A cheerful detective novel. Eulenspiegel-Verlag, Berlin 1996, ISBN 3-359-00856-1 .
as editor
  • Marta Adler: The gypsies were my fate. Schünemann, Bremen 1957.
  • Paul Johann Anselm von Feuerbach : Strange crimes in records. Bruckmann, Munich 1963.
  • Herrmann Mostar : The new Pitaval . Collection of famous and strange criminal cases. Desch, Munich 1963–1969
    • Volume 1 Hell. 10 criminal cases. 1963.
    • Volume 2 The Wolf Man. 10 criminal cases. 1963.
    • Volume 3 Poisoning. 10 criminal cases. 1964.
    • Volume 4 Death Sentence. 9 criminal cases. 1964.
    • Volume 5 Fraud. 9 criminal cases. 1964.
    • Volume 6 Robbery. 11 criminal cases. 1964.
    • Volume 7 Miscarriage of Justice. 1965.
    • Volume 8 Assassination. 1965.
    • Volume 9 Evidence. 1966.
    • Volume 10 Blackmailers. 1966.
    • Volume 11 Juvenile Delinquency. 1967.
    • Volume 12 crime motive desire. 1967.
    • Volume 13 Sex Crimes. 1967.
    • Volume 14 Scandals. 1967.
    • Volume 15 Witch Hunt. 1969.

Films (selection)



Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Petra Pluwatsch: Biography: Cornelia Scheel sets a monument to her mother. In: Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger , October 26, 2015, accessed on July 7, 2020 .