Josef Hampel

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Josef Hampel (born December 13, 1897 in Fugau , Austria-Hungary , † February 2, 1979 in Ilmenau ) was a German chemist and professor of electrochemistry and electroplating. He was the founder and first director of the Institute for Chemistry , Electrochemistry and Electroplating at the Technical University of Ilmenau.


Hampel studied, did his doctorate (1921) and habilitated (1936) at the German Technical University in Prague under Gustav Franz Hüttig in the field of chemistry. After working as a steelworks assistant at the Poldihütte in Kladno , he was a lecturer in chemistry at the commercial college in Brüx from 1927 to 1945 .

He came to Thuringia as a refugee in 1945 and initially found a new home in Mühlhausen . He worked as a lecturer in chemistry in Mühlhausen and Gotha. In 1954 he was appointed university lecturer for chemistry at the newly founded University of Electrical Engineering (HfE) in Ilmenau , today's Technical University of Ilmenau. He took over the basic training in chemistry for engineering students. With a view to the development of large chemical companies such as the Elektrochemisches Kombinat Bitterfeld (EKB), the Buna-Werke , the Leuna or the Galvanotechnik Leipzig (GTL) , he recognized the emerging need for appropriate specialists at an early stage and designed a special electrochemistry-oriented training course. In 1956 he was appointed professor with a teaching position for chemistry, electrochemistry and electroplating, in 1959 he was appointed full professor and director of the institute for chemistry, electrochemistry and electroplating.

He built up this institute and, by the time he retired in 1967, developed it into a teaching and research facility recognized beyond the borders of the GDR. Scientists and engineers from the field of electroplating met in Ilmenau for the International Scientific Colloquia.


Hampel's teaching and research activities included not only the technical chemistry especially the border area from chemistry to metallurgy and metallurgy , and especially the border area electroplating. His close connection with Gustav Franz Hüttig led to several works in the field of the reaction of solids. Much research has been devoted to improving the technology of electrolytic metal deposition and studying the physical-mechanical properties of metal layers. Under the direction of Hampel , the institute steadily expanded its cooperation with the largest industrial company for electroplating in the GDR , VEB Galvanotechnik Leipzig, and its development manager, Robert Bilfinger.

In addition to his area of ​​expertise, Josef Hampel played a key role in establishing the Technical University of Ilmenau as the long-time dean of the Faculty of Power Engineering.


  • The changes in the sorption capacity of the mixtures of calcium oxide with iron III-oxide and of calcium oxide and beryllium oxide with chromium III-oxide during their chemical combination . (Active Oxides, Part 98). In: Journal of Inorganic and General Chemistry . tape 226 , no. 3 , 1936, pp. 297-304 .
  • About the increased sorption capacity of zinc chromite in status nascendi . (Active Oxides, Part 90). In: Journal of Inorganic and General Chemistry . tape 223 , no. 3 , 1935, pp. 297-304 .
  • The course of the fritting processes in copper powders, followed by the adsorption capacity for dissolved dyes . (On reactions of solid substances: Part 125). In: Journal of Electrochemistry and Applied Physical Chemistry . tape 48 , no. 2 , 1942, p. 82-84 .


  • Cordt Schmidt: In memory of Professor Josef Hampel . In: TU Ilmenau (Hrsg.): Ilmenauer Uni Nachrichten . tape 42 , no. 1 , 1999, p. 16 ( [PDF; accessed on April 26, 2017]).
  • Cordt Schmidt: Life and work of Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Josef Hampel . Thuringia and Saxony's contribution to electroplating and electrochemistry - part 2. In: electroplating . tape 95 , no. 10 . Eugen G. Leuze Verlag, 2004, p. 2392-2397 .

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