Josef Regner

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Memorial plaque for "Josef Regner-Havlovický" in Náchod

Josef Regner (also Joseph Regner ; born February 24, 1794 in Havlovice ; † May 11, 1852 in Náchod ) was a patriotically minded Catholic priest who made great contributions to popular education and entered literature as "Havlovický".


Josef Regner came from a family of millers. After attending the Stiftsgymnasium in Braunau , he studied Catholic theology and philosophy at the University of Prague . Bernard Bolzano was one of his teachers . In 1817 Regner was ordained a priest and was initially a chaplain in Náchod, where he met like-minded chaplain Josef Myslimír Ludvík . Later Regner was administrator at other parishes in the diocese of Königgrätz . From 1829 he worked as court chaplain at the Nachoder Castle , which was then owned by the Duchess Wilhelmine von Sagan . Two years later he was appointed pastor of Hronov . In 1845 he was appointed dean of Náchod and, at the same time, episcopal vicar and school supervisor for the Nachod reign .

Even during his time as chaplain, Josef Regner was concerned to improve the living conditions of children and young people through better education. To increase the fruit harvest, he taught the farmers and young people the technique of grafting fruit trees. On his initiative and under his guidance, trees and bushes were planted on the Náchod Castle Hill. As the pastor of Hronov, he campaigned for the introduction of new agricultural methods that led to better land use and higher yields. In order to secure an income for the miners in his community, in 1836 he acquired the right to mine the Wilhelminen mine in Žďárky for ten years . He advocated the use of new working methods in handicrafts and the introduction of new production methods, and hoped that these measures could improve the economic situation of families.

After the economic situation of home weavers deteriorated dramatically in the 1840s due to the creation of mechanical weaving mills, Regner campaigned for the establishment of vocational schools. With his support, the city of Nachod built two vocational schools with 85 students in 1845. However, they could only remain in operation for two years and were dissolved in 1847.

As the school supervisor of the Nachod rule, Regner pursued an improvement in the school system and placed particular emphasis on patriotism and civic studies as well as on the introduction of technical subjects. Teachers were encouraged to use new pedagogical methods and to continue their education through relevant literature. He found support for his school reforms from the responsible school minister, Leo von Thun-Hohenstein . At the beginning of the school year 1849/1850, the Náchod secondary school was expanded by a third class and the first class of the secondary school was formed, the head of which was Josef Regner.

From 1846 Regner was a corresponding member of the Patriotic-Economic Society. He was also an employee of the magazine "Týdeník hospodářsky". His grave is in the cemetery of the Church of St. John the Baptist in the Staré Město district of Náchod .

Regner achieved fame through the continued admiration of the population for his sphere of activity after his death. The writer Alois Jirásek , born in Hronov, memorialized him with the historical novel “U nás”. In the novel, Regner is named "Havlovicky" after his place of birth and is described as a person who was revered and respected in his time. The novel was written in the years 1895–1903 and the portrayal of Josef Regner is likely to be largely authentic, as Jirasek conducted extensive research from relatives and other contemporary witnesses who were still living at the time.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Jan Müller : Pamětihodnosti panství Náchod a osudy úředniků spravujících toto panství v posledních 5 desetiletích. V červenci 1842 sepsáno penzionovaným důchodním Janem Müllerem, který zde byl v tomto období zaměstnán. Translated from German into Czech by Věra Vlčková. Nakladatelství Bor, 2007, ISBN 978-80-86807-54-6 (without page numbers in the image section after p. 65)