Joseph Jules Dejerine

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Joseph Jules Dejerine (pronounced Déjerine ), also Jules Joseph Déjérine (born August 3, 1849 in Geneva , † February 26, 1917 in Paris ), was a French neurologist .

Jules Dejerine (undated)
Jules Dejerine and Augusta Dejerine-Klumpke


Dejerine was born on August 3, 1849 in Plainpalais near Geneva . From 1868 to 1870 Dejerine attended the Académie in Geneva, where he passed the Abitur . In the spring of 1871 he began the study of medicine in Paris at. On January 1, 1875, he began his boarding school, he passed his doctoral exams and began to work in the laboratory for comparative pathology of Alfred Vulpian . His doctoral thesis (1879) was entitled “Investigations into disorders of the nervous system in acute ascending paralysis”.

In July 1879 he was appointed Chef de Clinique (ward physician) at St. Louis Hospital. In this clinic Dejerine made the acquaintance of a young American woman , Augusta Klumpke , in 1880 , whom he married in 1888 and who became his close colleague. From 1887 to 1894 Dejerine headed the neurological clinic in Hôpital Bicêtre . From 1894 he headed the clinic of the Jacquart Pavilion at the Hôpital Salpêtrière .

From 1900 to 1911 he was also professor for the history of medicine , then for internal pathology , but continued his lectures at the Salpêtrière and, in 1911, was appointed professor at the “Clinic for Diseases of the Nervous System”. In 1916 Dejerine went through a uremia crisis for the first time . He died on February 26, 1917 in Paris and was buried in the Père Lachaise cemetery (Division 28).


Dejerine made a fundamental contribution to the study of aphasia . The term “pure motor aphasia” goes back to him.

Dejerine spent a long time studying stereoagnosis . He has shown that this syndrome is associated with disorders of surface and depth sensitivity.

Dejerine's work on spinal cord and striate muscle pathologies comprises over 100 publications. The Dejerine-Spiller syndrome and the Dejerine-Thomas syndrome are named after him. According to him, and Jules Sottas also is Dejerine-Sottas disease was named. In addition, the facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy is also called Landouzy-Dejerine muscular dystrophy due to the detailed description of the disease according to Dejerine and co-author Louis Théophile Joseph Landouzy .

Publications (selection)

Web links

Commons : Joseph Jules Dejerine  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Rudolf Degkwitz et al. (Ed.): Mentally ill; Introduction to Psychiatry for Clinical Study . Urban & Schwarzenberg, Munich 1982, ISBN 3-541-09911-9 , page 459
  2. M. Krasnianski et al .: Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy. The spectrum of clinical manifestations and molecular genetic changes. In: Nervenarzt , 2003 Feb; 74 (2): 151-8. PMID 12596016
  3. LTJ Landouzy, J. Dejerine: De la myopathie atrophique progressive (myopathie héréditaire, débutant dans l'enfance par la face, sans alteration du système nerveux). Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences, Paris 1884, 98, pp. 53–55.