King of Sweden

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King of the Kingdom of Sweden
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Sweden
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Sweden
King Carl XVI Gustaf
Acting King
Carl XVI. Gustaf
since September 15, 1973
Official seat Kungliga is slotting in Stockholm
Term of office for lifetime
Creation of office unknown
Final coronation 15th September 1973
Salutation Hans Majestät or Hennes Majestät
Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden

The King of Sweden is the monarchical head of state of Sweden . The reigning king has been Carl XVI since September 15, 1973 . Gustaf from the Bernadotte dynasty .

Position in the organizational structure

Sweden is a parliamentary monarchy . The king is not granted any real powers. Rather, the legislature , budgetary law and control of the government and administration lie with the Reichstag , the executive with the government , the administrative authorities and local authorities, and the judiciary with the courts.

The position of the king in the constitutional organizational structure is regulated primarily in the main state organization law Regeringsformen of 1974. Relevant provisions are:

Chapter 1 - Basic principles of state organization
§ 5 Monarchical form of government, succession to the throne
The king or queen who holds the Swedish throne according to the Act of Succession to the Throne is the head of state of the empire.
The provisions of the constitution on the king apply to this when a queen is head of state.

Chapter 5 - The head of state
§ 1 Relations with the government
The head of state is informed about the affairs of the Reich by the Prime Minister. If necessary, the government meets in the council , chaired by the head of state.

§ 2 Official requirements, incompatibilities , trips abroad
The head of state must be a Swedish citizen and have reached the age of eighteen. He may not be minister or president of the Reichstag or a member of the Reichstag at the same time .
The head of state has to get in touch with the prime minister before going abroad.

§ 3 Representation by Temporary Reich Administrator
If the king is prevented from fulfilling his duties due to illness, a trip abroad or for other reasons, a member of the royal family who is not prevented from acting as a temporary Reich administrator takes over the duties of the head of state in accordance with the current line of succession .

§ 4 Reich governor in the event of vacancy and minority of the heir to the throne
If the royal house expires, the Reichstag appoints an imperial administrator who takes over the duties of the head of state until further notice. At the same time, the Reichstag appoints a deputy Reich administrator.
The same applies if the king dies or abdicates and the heir to the throne is not yet eighteen years old.

§ 5 Loss of office
If the king is prevented from fulfilling his duties for six months without interruption or has failed to fulfill his duties, the government must notify the Reichstag of this. The Reichstag decides whether the king is to be considered abdicated.

Section 6 Provisional Reich Administrator in the event of vacancy and temporary absence
If no one is available for the office who fulfills the requirements of Section 3 or 4, the Reichstag can appoint another person as the Provisional Reich Administrator on the basis of a government ordinance.
The President of the Reichstag or, if he is unable to do so, the Vice-President of the Reichstag serves as the provisional Reich Administrator on the basis of a government ordinance if no other person is able to do so.

§ 7 Indemnity
The king may not be held responsible for his actions. The Reichsverweser must not be held responsible for his actions as head of state.

Succession to the throne

The office of king is hereditary. The succession to the throne is regulated in the Succession Act (Successionsordningen, SO) of 1810, whereby female succession with equal rights was introduced through a revision of this law in 1979.

Royalty and royal family

On October 7, 2019, King Carl XVI signed Gustaf decided that the children of Prince Carl Philip and Princess Madeleine will no longer be part of the royal family, but only part of the royal family. This means that they lose the title of royal highness. The title of Duke or Duchess is unaffected. This does not change the line of succession either. The decision stems from the fact that the royal house should be limited to people who perform public duties on behalf of the king. Since this will not be expected of the children of Carl Philip and Madeleine in the future either, they are now regarded as private individuals and can later accept a job or pursue an economic activity, which they would not have been able to do as members of the royal family. Prince Carl Philip said they support the decision and see it positively, as it gives his children more freedom of choice. Princess Madeleine also expressed support for the decision and emphasized that this had been planned for a long time and that it would give her children the opportunity to shape their lives as private individuals.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Text translated into German according to Regeringsform 1974 in the Swedish-language Wikisource - italic headings not official
  2. Förändringar inom Det Kungl. Huset (Swedish)
  3. Expressen: Kungens beslut: Barnen utesluts från kungahuset , October 7, 2019