Kebun Raya Bogor
The Bogor Botanical Garden ( Indonesian Kebun Raya Bogor , Sundanese and Javanese Kebon Raya Bogor ) is located 60 km south of the capital Jakarta in Bogor , Indonesia . The Botanical Garden is located in the center of the city and borders the Istana Bogor (Presidential Palace). The gardens are over 80 hectares and were laid out by the Dutch Governor General of Java Gustaaf Willem Baron van Imhoff .
The extensive grounds of the presidential palace were converted by the German-Dutch botanist Professor Caspar Georg Carl Reinwardt (1773-1854). The gardens were officially opened as Lands Plantentuin ("Botanical Garden") on May 18, 1817 and were used to conduct research and development on plants and seeds from other parts of the Indonesian archipelago for cultivation in the 19th century. This is a tradition that continues to this day and adds to the garden's reputation as a major center for botanical research .
Today there are more than 15,000 species of trees and plants in the garden. There are 400 species of exceptional palm trees and the garden is a refuge for more than 50 different species of birds and a roost for groups of bats in the trees. The bats can be easily recognized by the noise they make competing for space under the canopy. The garden is also home to around 3000 varieties of orchids . A highlight is the titan arum ( Amorphophallus titanum ), an arum plant with an inflorescence over two meters high. In 1862 a branch was established in Cibodas about 45 kilometers south-east of Bogor. The park is now one of four Indonesian botanical gardens.
Adjacent is the Istana Bogor , a palace used today by the Indonesian President, which dates back to the Dutch colonial era and the year 1744.
Head of the garden
- 1817–1822: Caspar Georg Carl Reinwardt (1773–1854)
- 1823–1826: Carl Ludwig Blume (1789–1862)
- 1830–1869: Johannes Elias Teijsmann (1808–1882)
- 1869–1880: Rudolph Herman Carel Christiaan Scheffer (1844–1880)
- 1880–1910: Melchior Treub (1851–1910)
- 1910–1918: Jacob Christiaan Koningsberger (1867–1951)
- 1918–1932: Willem Marius Docters van Leeuwen (1880–1960)
- 1932-1939: KW Dammerman
- 1939–1940: Lourens Gerhard Marinus Baas Becking
- 1940–1941: Taco Hajo van den Honert (1940–1942)
- 1941-1943: DF van Slooten
- 1943-1945: Takenosin Nakai (1882-1952).
- 1946–1948: Lourens Gerhard Marinus Baas Becking
- 1948–1949: Dirk Fok van Slooten (1891–1953).
- 1949–1959: Kusnoto Setyodiwirjo
- 1959–1969: Soedjana Kassan
- 1969–1981: Didin Sastrapradja
- 1981–1983: Made in Sri Prana
- 1983-1987: USEP Sutisna
- 1987-1990: Sampurno Kadarsan
- 1990-1997: Suhirman
- 1997-2002: Dedi Darnaedi
- 2002-2008: Irawati
- 2008–: Mustaid Siregar
Panoramic pictures from the garden
- José Levelink, Amanda Mawdsley, Theo Rijnberg: Four walks. Bogor Botanical Garden. Translation from English: Ingrid Wipplinger. PT. Bogorindo Botanicus, Bogor 1996, ISBN 979-950783-9 .