|density||8009 Ew. / km²|
View over the city to the Gunung Salak
Bogor on the map of Indonesia
Bogor is a city in Jawa Barat (West Java) in Indonesia with just under one million inhabitants. It is located about 60 km south of Jakarta at 290 m above sea level. d. M. and is surrounded by mountains. Together with Jakarta, Tangerang and Bekasi , Bogor is gradually growing together to form a uniform settlement area, which under the acronym " Jabodetabek " is one of the largest metropolitan regions in the world.
Bogor is the rainiest city in Java. Even in the dry season, heavy rainfall must be expected from the afternoon onwards, which can last into the night. On average, Bogor is hit by 320 thunderstorms per year. The city is therefore nicknamed "Kota Hujan" (rainy city).
In the colonial times , the Dutch used Bogor as a summer residence from 1745; they gave the place the nickname "Buitenzorg" (carefree). During the time of British rule over Indonesia (1811 to 1816) Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles used Bogor as his country residence.
Bogor is known for its world-famous botanical garden, the " Kebun Raya Bogor ".
There is a train connection from Jakarta via Bogor and Bandung to Yogyakarta .
The majority of the population is Muslim with just over 700 mosques, but there is also a centrally located Buddhist / Confucian temple and a total of 13 Buddhist and Confucian temples, 27 Protestant churches, 9 Hindu temples and 8 Roman Catholic temples. Bogor is the seat of the Bogor diocese . The principle of the PancaSila is evident in this diversity .
The 87 hectare botanical garden is probably Bogor's most famous attraction. The park, which opened on May 18, 1817, was created on the initiative of the German botanist Kaspar Georg Karl Reinwardt and houses a collection of 6000 plant species, including over 200 palm and 883 orchid species. The titan arum ( Amorphophallus titanum ), an arum plant with an inflorescence over two meters high, deserves special mention .
Adjacent is the Istana Bogor , a palace used by the Indonesian President, which was built in 1744.
Some historic buildings from the colonial times have survived. The Taman Safari zoo is located at the Puncak Pass.
- Headquarters of Boehringer Ingelheim Indonesia
- Shenzhen ( People's Republic of China ), since August 17, 2005
- St. Louis ( USA ), since September 12, 2005
- Gödöllő ( Hungary )
- Lumapas , Brunei Darussalam
sons and daughters of the town
- Syed Hussein Alatas (1928–2007), Malaysian social scientist and politician
- Muhammad Naquib al-Attas (* 1931), Malaysian Muslim philosopher and thinker
- Lambertus Christiaan Grijns (* 1962), Dutch diplomat
- Christophorus Tri Harsono (* 1966), Roman Catholic clergyman, Bishop of Purwokerto
- Ayu Utami (* 1968), radio and newspaper journalist, screenwriter and author
- Rio Suryana (* 1977), Australian badminton player
- Agus Prayogo (* 1985), athlete
- Lingga Lie (* 1986), badminton player
- Andhika Anhar (* 1989), badminton player
- José Levelink, Amanda Mawdsley, Theo Rijnberg: Four walks. Bogor Botanical Garden (“Four guided walks”). PT. Bogorindo Botanicus, Bogor 1996, ISBN 979-95078-3-9 (translated by Ingrid Wipplinger and Brigitta Zambra-Wagner).