Mattighofen Collegiate Foundation
The Mattighofen Collegiate Foundation , which is structurally linked to the Mattighofen parish church, is located in the Mattighofen municipality in the Braunau am Inn district in Upper Austria . The collegiate monastery or Propsteigebuilding founded in the 15th century and today's rectory is a listed building .
At the beginning of the 15th century, Konrad V. von Friedburg from the von Kuchl family made the decision to establish a collegiate monastery in Mattighofen. Since he died early and there were no heirs, the plan was put into practice by his brother Hans and his wife Katharina von Krey (Kraig). On November 29, 1438, the Bishop of Passau, Leonhard von Laiming , signed the letter of foundation. The canon of Mattsee and pastor of Pischelsdorf , Friedrich Peterlehner, became the first dean of the monastery. The monastery was confirmed by Popes Nicholas V and Pius II , among others .
However, due to the partly incompetent management, the monastery soon declined and properties that had been inherited from the founders had to be sold. From the time of the Reformation onwards, no new canons were appointed and the monastery was to be converted into a Jesuit convent . Elector Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria , under whose high protection the monastery stood, then got himself from Pope Innocent XI. and the prince-bishop of Passau, Johann Philipp von Lamberg , the permission to raise the monastery to a provost's office. In 1685, Johann Friedrich Ignaz Graf von Preising, the first provost, was invested.
In 1864 Pope Pius IX awarded the Mattighofener provosts the right to use the pontificals .
In 2008 the monastery received a new statute from the Bishop of Linz Ludwig Schwarz . The collegiate chapter now has 10 canons: the provost, five capitular canons and four honorary canons. On October 31, 2008, a pontifical mass took place under his leadership , in which the first two canons and Walter Brugger , who had written his dissertation on the monastery, were appointed honorary canons. Walter Plettenbauer, who had tried to revive the monastery, remained provost .
The pen chapter
- Mons. Walter Plettenbauer, Provost (since 1983), state curate of the civil guards, shooting and traditional clubs of Upper Austria
- Leon Sireisky, canon of the canon, monastery pastor in Mattighofen, parish administrator of Pischelsdorf , district fire brigade curate of the Braunau district
- Mons. Ewald Kiener, Capitular Canon
- Johannes Enichlmayr, Capitular Canon, author of the book "The Christian roots are our future", editor of the magazine "New Evangelization"
- Marek Michalowski, Capitular Canon, Pastor of Friedburg , Parish Administrator of Lengau and Schneegattern
- Walter Heinzl, Capitular Canon
- Prelate Walter Brugger , honorary canon, curate of the Wieskirche in Freising
- Mons. Stefan Hofer, honorary canon, provisional parish of Braunau-Maria Königin
- Marek Duda, honorary canon, pastor of Emmersdorf (that parish was incorporated into the monastery as a wine parish until the 16th century)
The canons are allowed to wear the black cassock with purple buttons and seams, as well as the chapter cross on the ribbon. They use a purple biretta as head covering .
The collegiate and provost parish church
The church is dedicated to the Assumption of Mary, the patronage is on August 15th.
The first church building that was built on the site of a Celtic sanctuary dates back to the 6th century and was consecrated to Mary, making the church one of the oldest St. Mary's churches in Austria. This original wooden church was replaced by a stone structure in the 10th century. In the late Gothic period, the roof was vaulted with pointed arches , the tower was given Gothic shapes and an oratory was added.
In 1649 the church was redesigned in baroque style and from 1774 to 1779 completely renovated according to plans by Franz Anton Kirchgrabner. The two transepts were added and the new interior was designed in the late baroque to early classicist style.
In 1974 an exterior renovation took place, in 1986 an interior renovation.
The church has valuable sculptures of the two apostles Peter and Paul by Thomas Schwanthaler , which are placed on the high altar. The high altar picture was designed by Franz Ignaz Oefele and shows the Assumption of Mary, above it is a round painting of the Holy Trinity, which comes from the hand of the Mattighofen master Joseph Binninger. In addition to the high altar, the church has four other side altars, including one with an altarpiece of St. Florian from the hand of the Burghausen master Johann Nepomuk della Croce .
The ceiling frescoes were also designed by della Croce. They are based on the theological concept of the salvation of God's people, which was probably developed by Provost Mutschelle. The depiction of Esther before King Xerxes in the crossing and the depiction of the donor couple with the first canons above the high altar are particularly interesting.
A beautifully made crucifixion group is hung on the right above the communion bench. From the presbytery you can also get to the baptistery, which is decorated with stucco work by Johann Michael Vierthaler .
In 1997 a new organ was installed, which can also be used as a concert organ.
Part of the Gothic cloister , which connects the church and the chapter house, has been preserved and is decorated with frescoes from the Renaissance period. It is used as a weekday chapel.
A room from the founding time of the monastery has been preserved under the provost building, which impresses with its beautiful Gothic vault and is popularly known as the crypt. It was renovated before the state exhibition in 2012 and is now used as an event location. Its original purpose is unknown, but it is assumed that it was either a dormitory or refectory of the canons. Use as a storage facility cannot be ruled out either.
After the bell had fallen victim to the two world wars, new bells were ordered from the Pfundner foundry in Vienna on October 1, 1949, and they were consecrated on December 18:
- Bell 1 tone c '1955 kg Marienglocke
- Bell 2 tone e '1055 kg Joseph Bell
- Bell 3 tone g '564 kg Peter and Paul
- Bell 4 tone a '425 kg hl. Florian, St. Leonhard, St. Sebastian
A small death bell from 1695 has been preserved.
Especially from the late Baroque period, the monastery has preserved some sacred objects, some of which are of significant art and cultural historical value. For example a 90 cm high monstrance from 1760/1770 or a lavabo set, which shows the coat of arms of the provost Joseph Ferdinand Guidobald von Spaur (later Bavarian court bishop in Munich). The pen also has 2 goblets with enamel plaques.
- Walter Brugger : The foundation of the Mattighofen Collegiate Foundation. In: Communications from the Upper Austrian Provincial Archives. Volume 13, Linz 1981, pp. 5–106, online (PDF) in the forum OoeGeschichte.at, pictures (PDF) in the forum OoeGeschichte.at.
- Franz Sonntag: Picture Chronicle Mattighofen. Ried 1997.
Coordinates: 48 ° 6 ′ 22 ″ N , 13 ° 8 ′ 56 ″ E