Leo Schrade

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Leo Franz Schrade (born December 13, 1903 in Allenstein, East Prussia (today Olsztyn, Poland), † September 21, 1964 in Spéracèdes , France ) was a German - American musicologist.


Schrade studied from 1923 at the universities in Heidelberg , Munich and Leipzig and also took individual courses at the Mannheim Conservatory; Adolf Sandberger was among his teachers . After receiving his doctorate in Leipzig in 1927, he received teaching assignments at the universities in Bonn and Königsberg, where he completed his habilitation in 1929. On July 6, 1937, Schrade was dismissed from the service of the University of Bonn because of “Jewish infiltration” .

In 1938 he emigrated to the USA, where he lectured at Yale University until 1958 , initially as a visiting professor from 1943 and finally as a full professor of music history from 1948.

In 1957 he refused to move to Heidelberg University because he felt obliged to Yale, which had enabled him to set up the now renowned musicological institute. In 1958 Schrade returned to Europe after all to succeed Jacques Handschin as head of the musicological institute at the University of Basel ; he kept the job until his death.

Bibliography (selection)


  • The oldest monuments of organ music as a contribution to a history of the toccata (dissertation, University of Leipzig, 1927)
  • The handwritten tradition of the oldest instrumental music (habilitation thesis, University of Königsberg, 1929)
  • Beethoven in France: the Growth of an Idea (New Haven, CT, 1942)
  • Bach: The Conflict between the Sacred and the Secular (Journal of the History of Ideas, vii (1946), pp. 151–194. Published separately: New York, 1954)
  • Monteverdi, Creator of Modern Music (New York, 1950)
  • Renaissance: The Historical Conception of an Epoch (IMSCR V: Utrecht 1952, pp. 19–32)
  • Political Compositions in French Music of the 12th and 13th Centuries (AnnM, i (1953), pp. 9–63. Reprinted in: De scientia musicae studia atque orationes, ed. E. Lichtenhahn (Berne, 1967), pp. 152– 211)
  • La représentation d'Edipo tiranno au Teatro Olimpico (Vicence 1585) (Paris, 1960)
  • Tragedy in the Art of Music (Cambridge, MA, 1964)


  • Luys Milan: Libro de musica de vihuela de mano intitulado El maestro . Publications of early music, ii (Leipzig, 1927)
  • Polyphonic Music of the Fourteenth Century , 8 volumes, edited the first four (1956–1958)
    • Vol. 1: The Roman de Fauvel; The Works of Philippe de Vitry; French Cycles of the ordinarium missae
    • Vols. 2-3: Guillaume de Machaut: Works
    • Vol. 4: Francesco Landini: Works
  • Collegium Musicum (Yale University)


  • Hans Joachim Marx : "... a young scholar of rank". Leo Schrade's early years until he emigrated to the USA (1938). In: Die Musikforschung , vol. 67 (2014), pp. 251–269.

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