In 1937 he emigrated to the United States of America , where he sang with Xavier Cugat and Noro Morales , among others . In 1940 he founded the Afro-Cubans with his brother-in-law Mario Bauzá as musical director. Machito sang and played maracas . He was known for the Afro-Cuban rhythms in his music such as mambo , rumba , cha-cha-cha , cubop , pachanga and son montuno . His band, which consisted of about twenty musicians, influenced the history of Latin jazz in the 1940s and 1950s. In 1950 he played Chico O'Farrill's Afro-Cuban Jazz Suite with Charlie Parker as a guest soloist. Other important jazz musicians such as Flip Phillips also played as guest soloists with his Afro-Cubans ; Arranger in the 1980s was Jorge Anders from Argentina , but also his saxophonist Ray Santos . He worked several times with Dizzy Gillespie . In the mid-1970s, Machito toured with a smaller cast for the first time. Always open to new trends and styles of South American music, he also devoted himself to salsa . In 1983 he won a Grammy with Machito & His Salsa Big Band '82 .
His sister Graciela was also a singer for the Afro-Cubans , who were later led by his son.
- Brian Priestley : Entry Machito. In: Ian Carr , Digby Fairweather , Brian Priestley: Rough Guide Jazz. The ultimate guide to jazz. 1800 bands and artists from the beginning until today. 2nd, expanded and updated edition. Metzler, Stuttgart / Weimar 2004, ISBN 3-476-01892-X .
- Interview with Machito Mucho Macho Machito
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Francisco Raúl Gutiérrez Grillo (real name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Cuban musician and band leader|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 16, 1912|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Havana|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 15, 1984|
|Place of death||London|