Michail Michailowitsch Gerasimow

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mikhail Gerasimov on a Russian commemorative coin (2007)

Mikhail Michailowitsch Gerassimow ( English Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gerasimov ; Russian Михаи́л Миха́йлович Гера́симов ; born September 15, 1907 in Saint Petersburg ; † July 21, 1970 in Moscow ) was a Soviet archaeologist , anthropologist and sculptor .

In 1928 he discovered the Paleolithic site of Malta ( Irkutsk Oblast ) in Russia. Under his direction, a Upper Paleolithic settlement was excavated there.

He was the first to develop the technique of creating forensic facial reconstruction based on findings from anthropology , archeology , paleontology and forensics . He studied the skulls and meticulously reconstructed the faces of more than 200 people, including Rudaki ( Abu Abdullah Djafar ; 858 to approx. 941), Yaroslav the Wise († 1054), Nestor of Kiev (1050–1113), Timur ( Timur ibn Taraghai Barlas ; 1336–1405), Shāh Ruch (1377–1447), Ivan IV ( “the terrible” ; 1530–1584), Fyodor I (Russia) (1557–1598) and Friedrich Schiller (1759–1805).

Facial reconstructions (selection)

Fonts (selection)

  • The Paleolithic site of Malta. Excavations of 1956-1958. In Henry N. Michael (Ed.): The Archeology and Geomorphology of Northern Asia. Selected Works (= Anthropology of the North. 5, ISSN  0066-4715 ). University of Toronto Press, Toronto 1964, pp. 3-32, (from Russian sources).
  • with Helga Menzel-Tettenborn (preface and German adaptation): I was looking for faces. Skulls get their faces back. Science in new ways. Bertelsmann, Gütersloh 1968.

See also

Web links

Commons : Forensic facial reconstruction (Russian school)  - collection of images, videos and audio files