Muscat de Hamburg
The red wine variety Muscat de Hambourg is a cross between Muscat d'Alexandrie and Trollinger (also often called Frankenthal in the literature), but the origin is unknown and confirmation by DNA analysis is still pending. Why the variety bears the name of the city of Hamburg is also unknown. What is certain is that it was drawn under glass in Hamburg from 1836 and from there began its triumphal march to England in 1860.
The grape is grown in large quantities as a table grape in greenhouses. The high-yielding variety with glossy, dark blue to black and large berries with a typical pleasant nutmeg taste is grown practically all over the world. In 1999, around 20,000 hectares of vineyards were planted with the Muscat de Hambourg variety worldwide. Attempts to produce quality wines have mostly failed. Certain sparkling wines approach the quality of an Asti Spumante. In Germany the wines are marketed under the name Muskat-Trollinger .
In contrast, the production of grape juice from this variety is considered successful.
Important growing countries
- France with approx. 3,605 hectares of vineyards (as of 2007)
- Greece with approx. 3,800 hectares
- Romania with about 2900 hectares
- Uruguay with around 1,800 hectares
- Portugal with about 800 hectares
- Italy with about 314 hectares
- Australia with about 67 hectares
- South Africa with about 32 hectares
Black Hamburg (USA), Black Muscat, Black Muscat of Alexandria, Blauer Hamburger Muskat, Frankenthal, Golden Hamburg, Hambourg musqué, Hambro, Hamburg, Hamburg Moschato, Hamburgii muskotály, Hamburgskii misket, Hamburski Misket, Hampton Court Wine, Malaga rouge, Moscatel de Hamburgo, Moscatel Negro, Moscatel Prato or Moscatel preto, Moscato d'Amburgo or Moscato di Amburgo, Moscato Nero, Moscato Nero di Amburgo, Moscato Preto, Moschato amvourgou, Moschato tyrnavou, Muscat Albertbourgient's, Muscat cernii aleksandriiskii, Muscat de gamburgskii, Muscat Hamburg, Muškat Hamburg, Muskat Hamburg crni, Muskat-Trollinger , Oeillade musqué, Queen's Arbor, Red Muscat of Alexandria, Siyah misket, Snow's Seedling or Snow's muscat hamburgh (Snow was one of the big maintenance breeders in England), Tamaîioasa hanburg, Tamaîioasa neagra, and Venn's Seedling or Venn's Seedling black muscat (Venn was one of the great conservation breeders in England alongside Snow), Zibibbo Nero.
- LES CEPAGES NOIRS DANS LE VIGNOBLE (PDF) ( Memento from January 20, 2007 in the Internet Archive ), statistics on red grape varieties per greater region, part 1, publication of the OFFICE NATIONAL INTERPROFESSIONNEL DES FRUITS, DES LEGUMES, DES VINS ET DE L'HORTICULTURE - ONIVINS for short, as of 2008
- LES CEPAGES NOIRS DANS LE VIGNOBLE (PDF) ( Memento from March 1, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), statistics on red grape varieties per greater region, part 2, publication of the OFFICE NATIONAL INTERPROFESSIONNEL DES FRUITS, DES LEGUMES, DES VINS ET DE L'HORTICULTURE - ONIVINS for short, as of 2008
- Pierre Galet : Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages. Hachette, Paris 2000, ISBN 2-01-236331-8 .
- Rudolf Goethe : Handbook of the table grape culture. Using the estate of W. Lauche . Parey, Berlin 1894.
- Walter Hillebrand, Heinz Lott, Franz Pfaff: Paperback of the grape varieties. 13th, revised edition. Fachverlag Fraund, Mainz 2003, ISBN 3-921156-53-X .
- Jancis Robinson : The Oxford Wine Lexicon. 3rd, completely revised edition. Hallwag, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-8338-0691-9 .